Title: Re: "Sect"
politics - Dynamic Components
On Sun, 1 Aug 1999, GSNews wrote: > This is the Swiss National Assembly's recommendation to > the Swiss Federal Assembly. The National Assembly is > the larger of the two, and the number of its members is > proportionate to the population of the cantons. > (Switzerland is a confederation of cantons.) The smaller > assembly has two representatives from each canton, or > one from each "half-canton." Deadline for review and > recommendations of action is September, 2000. > > National Assembly's > > Business Review Commission (GPK) > > "Sects" or > Assimilative Movements in > Switzerland > > The Need for State Involvement or: > > Route to Federal "Sect" Politics > > Report of the Business Review Commission > of the National Assembly of July 1, 1999 > Original text: German > > Do not remove this Translation Note: This is an unofficial > translation of a publicly available Swiss government document. > That means that the Swiss government makes no guarantee about > the accuracy of this English translation. This translation is for > non-commercial use only. The original Swiss document is > available at http://www.parlament.ch/Poly/Framesets/E/Frame-E.HTM > as a pdf file. "Vereinnahmende Bewegung" is translated here as > "Assimilative Movement." > > --------------------------- 17 4.2 A Glance at Structures and Characteristics 4.2.1. Dynamic Components The phenomenon of "sects is not specifically Christian in nature but occurs inside and out of large religions. From the sociological perspective the term contains the meaning of a "dissenting minority," and is characterized by attitudes like intolerance and aggressive proselytizing (importunate recruitment for a belief or philosophy). Such characteristics are not restricted to "sects" as special religious communities, but can also be found in traditional religions, churches, political parties, associations, etc - in short: ultimately any community which overestimates itself [is] potentially a sect: any 'upper village' is better than a 'lower village' ... The self-perception of the special group grows to the point of having a unique value and meaning." These characteristics are not to be understood in the static sense, but are indicative of the dynamic components and the vertical dimensions in conversion to sectarian behavior (and - seldom recorded - the departure from it): there is just as much tendency towards a stronger sectarianism as there is towards development of openness and a readiness to have dialogue. In this connection, Prof. Georg Schmid has developed a model used by the Commission in the form of a "sect thermometer" which graphically presents the stages of sectarianism: Stage 1: The feeling of being something special is normal for any human community, for state churches, political parties, sport associations, etc. Stage 2: Man and wife a not only something special, but better than the others - that is also normal: but if I were to find that my state church or political party were not better than the others, I would no longer be a part of them. The others also belong to a community which they believe to be better than the others. Stage 3: I belong to the best group of all which all others should emulate: there is a sense of mission and a missionary pressure towards recruitment for one's own group. Not the state churches as organizations, but probably the currents within them could be counted as part of this: the non-denominational churches demonstrate extensive recruitment operation and emphasize membership in step 3, for instance with their Christ testimonials, in that everybody should believe in Christ the way they do. Stage 4: (Fundamentalism step): one has sole salvation and has divine truth (even if not exclusive). The teaching is perfect and comes from heaven. He who teaches and believes as I do also stands in the truth - he who teaches or believes differently is being ruined by his own or demonic thoughts. He who does not cooperate "is lost." Fundamentalists worship their teachings; fully developed sects have even deified the group itself. [...] The state churches are no longer in this category, but once were (large communities can also deviate into the high sect stages). Sect step 4 is reached by many people, including psychological groups. [...] 18 Stage 5: "We alone can make people happy and are the only ones in heaven": Other people are objects of missionary work or thoroughly worthy of damnation; people who do not believe are to be avoided. Their non-belief is demonic. Stage 6: The group tries to ban non-believers from their field of vision - it begins with the separation from the world: only the sect has the right to life on earth (key word: persecution complex); not everybody has a right to it, for those people destruction is certain: they will burn anyway - so why not help them along a little bit? The "divorce" from other people manifests an inquisitional manner of thinking in the form of psychic inquisition. [...] Anybody who leaves a group which is in this stage is seen (even by relatives) as non existent - the people in the village look the other way when they pass him by. Stage 7: The delusions of the sect turn into persecution complex when operating externally and, at the same time, into megalomania internally ("If I think a thing is, then it is"). [...] Without criticism, megalomania develops almost automatically. Anyone who takes note of the delusion becomes (thanks to the persecution complex) an arch enemy. The persecution complex develops from the ever-growing unawareness of the outside world. The sect begins to demonize any criticism from the outside world; the consequence is Stage 8: A trigger leads to a catastrophe by which the group, but not the world, perishes. Megalomania and persecution complex meet and collectively run amok. Central criteria for the tendency to go in the direction of the dynamic are internal discussion and open debates: these are guaranteed and stay with the group in the lower stages; if they are eradicated, it drives the group upward. The connection between the possibility of having internal discussion and the the degree of sectarianism is easily recognizable. --------------------------------------------------- Unofficial translation in progress of the above report can be viewed at http://cisar.org/990702a.htm ---------------------------------------------------
Title: OSA: Methods &
Date: Sun, 8 Aug 1999 07:09:02 -0400
On Sun, 1 Aug 1999, GSNews wrote: > <"Note: text in this type of bracket is not a literal word-for-word quote > since it was translated from English to German back to English."> 4. Tactics and Methods of the OSA Since the legal proceedings in the USA in 1979 which seriously damaged the image of Scientology and similar processes - such as the transient arrest of 71 leading Scientologists in Spain in 1988 - the SO has become more careful. It has - as shown - revamped and refined its methods of operation. Although Scientology denies the existence of the former GO's "Information Bureau," OSA's "Section for Investigations" has taken over most of its functions on both the local as well as the international level. Since the only offices of the GO which were raided were those in Washington, D.C., Los Angeles and Toronto, it can be assumed that the rest of the network built by the GO in the 1960's and 1970's has remained largely intact. According to a statement by Jon ATACK, eye witnesses and court files in the USA prove that intelligence units continue to be active in London, Boston, Clearwater and Las Vegas. HUBBARD's writings on infiltration and subversion continue to be obeyed. Unlike the GO, the OSA today often has their sensitive, high-risk operations performed by professionals - private detectives, as a rule -, who officially have no association to the organization. The professionals work under the direction of attorney's offices which also - officially - have nothing to do with the OSA or the SO, but actually, at least in theory, are allied with the OSA's "Legal Section." Since private detectives whose names are known are suited for overt investigation or shadowing, but not for "covert operations," they, in turn, are assigned to recruit other personnel by the OSA intelligence department. By using this organizational structure, it is very difficult, or even impossible, to legally prove OSA's control. The increased cooperation with attorney's and their key functions in the collection of information has, according to Robert Vaughn YOUNG, tactical grounds. The SO has taken precautions so that a raid, such as the one carried out against the GO in 1977, will not be successful. At that time all information was stored in the intelligence centers; today, however, the majority of the explosive information is kept by Scientology lawyers. Their files are protected by law, and cannot be confiscated without taking special measures. In the USA, it is possible to take action against attorneys only if solid proof of crimes can be presented. In most cases, this is extremely difficult or even impossible. Because of the special confidential relationship between attorney and client, the attorney's staff are also protected by a right to refuse to testify. The cooperation between the SO and private detectives has also been known in Germany since the spying operation against the CSU politician, Peter GAUWEILER, in 1983. Since the founding of the OSA in 1983, the use of private detectives and other external personnel has been growing steadily. According to statements by a former SO member, Scientology engages quite a few firms in the USA. Although Scientology has gotten more cautious, the preferred method of attacks against SO opponents, including those in Germany, remains the same: abusive articles in the Scientology press, "information letters" to people in public life, overt and covert collection of information on critics (shadowing, telephone calls pretending to be legitimate, "surveys," etc.), broadcast of letters with false accusations to employers, et al., of SO opponents, slander, threats, spying by private detectives, placement of Scientology agents in critics' organizations and establishments, intimidation by threatening to sue, criminal accusations using contrived charges, temporary restraining orders, civil complaints, et al. The OSA, report former insiders, continues to maintain "black lists" of their opponents as they always have. In contrast to the USA - so far as is visible - cases of open violence are not yet known in Germany. Circumstances in the USA where Scientology is far stronger show, however, that the organization is willing and is in the position to employ means of pressure in accordance with the "Fair Game" doctrine, as long as it is of use to Scientology and if there is little risk that they will be held to account. Today, however, the SO starts its heaviest attacks with its attorneys. They are said to cost Scientology $20 million per year. Scientology lawyers liberally blanket critics and enemies, and in the USA even judges, with lawsuits in accordance with HUBBARD's guideline: one sues more to harass and discourage rather than to win. In the 1980's for example, the SO succeeded in indirectly forcing a judge to withdraw from a suit against Scientology after he had been lured by private detectives working for OSA into a trap with a prostitute. These perfidious tactics and the misuse of the legal system has not remained hidden from the American courts: in 1996 the California Court of Appeal expressly reprimanded the SO for using legal disputes to force its opponents give up. The Federal Court of Appeal in San Francisco, in the same year, accused Scientology of abusing the legal system and required $2.9 million in punitive damages from it. Other indications of intelligence operations in Germany were contained in an internal document of March 12, 1984. In this post description (Hat Write Up), the theoretical fundamentals of Scientology's intelligence tactics and methods of operation were stated in detail. This intelligence document was written in German and originated - as explicitly stated on it - from a time when the OSA was officially in existence. It is extensively based on GO training material from the "Intelligence Course" of September, 1974. Apparently to conceal that it was an actual operating directive from an intelligence department which actually existed in Germany, it is sporadically written in the past tense and uses generalized terms ("... data which one needs ..."). Generally, references to the GO intelligence department, the "Information Bureau," were made and explained, in that the former "Branch I" had been sub-divided into two sections. The first section was responsible for all forms of data collection (ODC, CDC), the second, the operations section, had taken over covert operations (CO). These operations were meant for the direct handling of an opponent or an opposing project. The operation of "Branch I" was directed at the area outside of Scientology; "Branch II" was directed inwards and was concerned with internal security. Point 1 of the intelligence document dealt with the "construction of the network." This included the use of indices for potential fields of operation and available operators. In order to glean a selection of mission qualified personnel, all Scientology missions and churches would first be queried with prepared questionnaires which covered the following points: profession, connections with: politics, medicine, pharmacies, psychiatry, press, etc. The responses would be rated with regard to the potential recruitment of personnel. The next stage is the three step "security clearance" for the mission personnel. The proposed staff member is investigated to a degree dictated by the sensitivity of the operation (ODC, CDC, CO). In the "C" clearance for ODC, a person is only investigated to see that he is not a "Potential Trouble Source" (PTS) and that he is on good terms with Scientology. In addition to the investigation, a "non-disclosure bond" in the amount of 5,000 DM (Deutsch Marks) is required to be signed. Apparently Scientology uses this as insurance against possible betrayal. For a "B" clearance, a "security check" is required which includes the question, "Are you here for a reason other than you say?" Besides that, the approval of the ethics officer and the person's case supervisor (supervises the person's auditing) is obtained. The amount for the "non-disclosure bond" goes up to 30,000 DM. The highest security standard is the "A" clearance, which, in addition to the "B" clearance, requires that the person's life be checked on the E-meter, presumably to detect any potential cover stories. An important point throughout is the motivation of the agent. He is not supposed to be motivated by money or by his own advantage, but as much as possible by a sense of duty to establish the goals of Scientology in this area. Attention is also supposed to be given that people are recruited from those whom one has contacted himself, and not from those referred by the detective agency to "help out," that means no voluntary agents. People who have had psychiatric treatment, have taken drugs or have had alcohol problems are generally refused. People deep in debt are regarded as easily blackmailed, and therefore not mission capable. The basic training of the agent includes the study of relevant HCO Policy Letters and Bulletins as well as other mission specific writings by HUBBARD, as well as professional literature, such as the book by Christopher FELIX, "The Spy and his Masters." Under point 2, "running the independent staff member," several ground rules of conspiratorial agent handling are laid out: "People who are assigned to confidential or secret projects will use internal code names such as "Andy" or "Otto" so that they cannot exchange information among themselves. It is recommended that external meets be arranged for people who should not be recognized because of a connection to the Church or a connection to Dept. 20." Point 3 deals with the forms of collection and evaluation of information from publicly accessible sources (state and university libraries, public archives, newspaper archives, association registers, trade registers, etc.) Overt data collection also includes "noisy investigations," i.e. loud investigations against alleged Scientology critics in order to discredit them and to obtain further information about the person which can be used against them. Personal contact with "natural enemies," according to the intelligence guidelines, is most rewarding. In covert data collection (point 4), it must first be stated which camouflage or "suitable guise" is best suited to get the information desired. Individual tactics are described which can be used to anonymously approach the target person professionally or personally, or to place oneself in his environment. The appropriate chapter on the "Art of Camouflage" from the above mentioned book by Christopher FELIX is recommended for this task. Strategy set by policy for the insertion of agents in use not many years prior stated interestingly that this had been "little used previously (sic!)" since the agent often was subject to a requirement for confidentiality and would also be subject to punishment if he broke this requirement. However, Scientology used only selected information. On the topic of "Insertion in government positions," it states: "NO WAY. It is never, and may never be, nor be envisioned illegal. The path to viewing files in connection with legal processes will remain open." As already detailed above, the SO has learned from experience and modified some of its methods of procedure. However, since its intentions and goals have remained the same, its asseverations are still not trusted. For instance, a policy remains in effect which states that the SO wants to bring all documents which concern it into its own possession, even those documents whose existence has not been officially acknowledged. As a result, there is no legal way for the SO to gain access to these. The description of the "Dust Bin Collection" (DBC) operating method is informative. By this is meant scouring trash cans belonging to targets in the search for paper trash which can be used. So far, this form of data collection has been used only on hostile groups, but it has proved very successful! The collected documents and information had not been able to be utilized in raw form, but extremely valuable references were gathered as a result. However, the author then warns: "In the BRD ["Bundesrepublik Deutschland" : Federal Republic of Germany] it is not yet known that this form of data collection is being used; it should be dealt with very confidentially, even the fact that something like this is possible. In the USA, DBC has already been the subject of a court case which was won, and it has now been determined that the material collected can be used as legal evidence." In 1984 there were already indications that DBC was also being practiced in Germany. A confidential report on the meeting of German Scientologists with a Munich private detective in 1983 who was assigned to spy on SO critics explicitly mentioned under the section "recommendations": "The Project 'Dustbin Data' on ... should also be started since there could be good evidence there." In 1993, former SO member Larry WOLLERSHEIM succeeded in retrieving from a private detective an envelope which had been addressed to him, which clearly proved that his trash had been searched. In the 1990's, according to Jon ATACK, there were a series of similar incidents. Robert Vaughn YOUNG also reported of having his trash "stolen" (see below). Point 6 of the post description deals with so-called "predictions" and "estimations." The "predictions" relate to tactical events, such as a meeting of Scientology critics which will be visited. The SO tries to use all "communications lines" possible to obtain data for "predictions", i.e., to learn which activities against Scientology are currently in process. The investigation results are usually put together with CDC information into a "Data Report." These investigations are to aid in the prevention of surprise attacks from opponents; one wants to be one step ahead of them: "As the network (comment: at the time of the GO) was still well built, the opponent was regularly checked out ... the opponent made surprise attacks only in rare cases." The so-called "estimations" correspond to site description and analysis. Namely, the SO tries to analyze the layout of the material collected and evaluated in regards to presumed plans and strategies of the opponent (e.g., legal proceedings), in order to make long-term assessments and to be able to develop counter-strategies. The "operations" listed under point 7 consist of Investigation "Branch I" operations, PR operations (such as press releases, production of press articles, lobby operations) and legal operations, unless Scientology itself has placed the charge or must defend itself in legal proceedings. From the content of this intelligence document, it can only be concluded that nothing has changed fundamentally in the tactics of the Scientology intelligence service. Prior findings and those which follow substantiate the suspicion that the OSA goes about its intelligence operations with the same energy and single-mindedness as the GO once did. Similar in ambiguity to the alleged cancellation of the "Fair Game" order, another policy from HUBBARD is worded, <"no activity may be ordered which subjects an investigator to criminal pursuit."> The proceedings of the 1970's have shown how this instruction is to be understood: attention should be given to prevent the SO from being held directly accountable for crimes by intelligence agents. An actual case in point is that of Robert Vaughn YOUNG and Stacy BROOKS YOUNG, to whom the "Fair Game" law and methods for fighting "suppressive persons" were applied in the 1990's. In his testimony of January 11, 1995, Robert Vaughn YOUNG first indicated that all HUBBARD policies founded upon the "fair game" practice and the hate campaigns of the SO, including the GO issues, continued to be valid because they could not be cancelled or modified in content. He and his wife had personally had to experience the proof of this assertion: <"My wife and I have been "fair game" targets. Our house has twice been broken into (in which our office was the only goal), our trash has been stolen, bugs were planted in our house, our families have received nerve-wracking anonymous calls, we have been pursued, and we have been secretly photographed. Friends who have visited us were followed, their vehicles were tailed, and then they were visited with the intention of harassing them. Also covert agents or spies of different types supported either by INGRAM (comment: private detective of the SO) or the OSA have been used on us.... Since we stated that we were ready to have a meeting with the German "Focus" magazine, the Scientology attacks have increased. ... The purpose of the Scientology attacks against my wife and me is to cause us to stop ... For a period of time they described me as a "pornography publisher." The basis for that was a pack of pornographic material which was sent to me. They fished it out of my trash can and (falsely) claimed that I was the "publisher" of the material while the only thing I did with it was pitch it out. Since I have been clearly expressing my opinion on the tactics in Germany, they have described me as a neo-Nazi and photographed me in front of a restaurant with somebody whom they called a neo-Nazi."> Some of these attacks against YOUNG could be verified by the State Office for Constitutional Security of Hamburg. On February 3, 1995, Hamburg Scientologists distributed a flyer entitled "Does CABERTA cooperate with neo-Nazis?", in which YOUNG, who was visiting in Hamburg at the time with groups including the Work Group on Scientology ["Arbeitsgruppe Scientology" (AGS)], was described as "collaborator of the American anti-Semitic movement." The flyer included a photograph of YOUNG together with Willis CARTO, the founder of the American "Institute for Historical Review" (IHR), known in right extremist groups worldwide as a revisionist and neo-Nazi establishment for historical research. YOUNG, said the accompanying write-up, also had connections with right-extremist camps. The cooperation of YOUNG with the Director of the AGS, Ursula CABERTA, was said to be further proof that she was seeking "help from the criminal element in her endeavor to exterminate a religious congregation." The flyer also repeated an assertion previously mentioned, that YOUNG, after his departure from Scientology, had tried his hand as a purveyor of "pornographic writings." At least one point could be substantiated in regards to Scientology knowingly spreading untruth: from documents available to the State Office for Constitutional Security Hamburg, it was evident that it was not YOUNG, but the SO who had maintained close connections with the IHR! Since October, 1993, Scientologist Tom MARCELLUS has been director of the IHR, and presumably was one of those who took part in a plot against YOUNG. The meeting with the former director, Willis CARTO, in February 1994, YOUNG credibly stated, had taken place under duress, since CARTO had wanted to know why the SO was interested in the IHR. The meeting had been observed and photographed by a SO private detective in order to discredit YOUNG. YOUNG's case is a model sample of the unscrupulous "Black Propaganda" tactics of the SO still in use in recent times. The persecution practices and machinations of the OSA described by YOUNG and other former members and critics has been verified by others, including former OSA agent Garry SCARFF, who left the organization in September 1992. In an approximately 240 page sworn testimony, SCARFF admitted to committing criminal acts on behalf of the OSA office in Los Angeles. For example, his duties included the theft of court documents which concerned Scientology. In the early 1980's, SCARFF had professional access to a nationwide police computer system. He said he was instructed to systematically make inquiries from a prepared list of names of Scientology opponents in order to see if any had crimes recorded. The stated intention of the organization is, according to SCARFF, to completely exterminate its various opponents using every available means. He said that the organization would not even stop at murder. In October, 1991, he said he received the assignment to kill the former director of the Cult Awareness Network (CAN), Cynthia KISSER, by means of a staged automobile accident. If this attempt should fail, he was assured of legal support from the BOWLES & MOXON, attorneys dedicated to Scientology, whose office is located in the same building directly above the OSA offices. In December, 1991, he received his second assignment. This time the murder attempt - again using an automobile - was directed against attorney Ford GREENE, who represented former Scientologists, including Gerald ARMSTRONG, in court. SCARFF did not carry out this assignment, however, because of a conflict of conscience. Instead, he went to the police in Portland, Oregon. Previously, SCARFF said, he had been warned that he would be killed in case he ever decided to leave and cause trouble for the SO or BOWLES & MOXON. In case he could not be caught, his parents would be killed. On April 2, 1997, WDR broadcast a documentary on Scientology with the title of "The Dark Side of Scientology," in which SCARFF repeated his accusations. Visibly shaken, he stated he feared something would happen to his parents because of his statement. SCARFF did not hold up under this pressure for long. Only three months later a statement by him was distributed on the internet in which he admitted to an allegedly voluntary agreement with the SO. In it he asserted that many of his statements in the sworn testimony were lies and that he was not a credible witness. As part of the agreement with the SO, SCARFF threatened the WDR with legal measures if it re-broadcast the show of April 2, 1997, since he no longer supported his "libelous" accusations. A short time later, however, he went back to his attorney, Graham E. BERRY, and reported that he had been held by the SO and put under duress. He said the retraction of his testimony had been coerced. BERRY, who is one of the few attorneys in the USA that will appear in court against the SO, believed this to be a typical OSA practice: the OSA was using the instability of its exploited agent; in case illegal activities were revealed he would be further manipulated in order to harm his credibility. In his testimony, SCARFF stated unmistakably how he rated the SO: <"All you have to look at is the history of the Church of Scientology. You only need to look at the documented facts and evidence that we have against BOWLES & MOXON and the Church of Scientology and you know that there is no doubt that the Church of Scientology is a criminal organization, inside and out, and all the functionaries and attorneys inside the Church of Scientology ... are components of this criminal organization, and they all belong behind bars."> BERRY was skeptical over the prospect of convicting the organization in regard to the criminal conduct it was accused of despite the abundance of witness testimony and evidence. The criminal investigative authorities in Los Angeles made it clear to him that they were not in the position, because of personnel, organization and - in view of the enormously high costs - also because of financial grounds, to successfully conduct an extensive criminal investigation against the SO. This statement amounted to an admission of having to yield to the power of Scientology. There is no need to fear a similar development will occur in Germany at this time. Much indicates, however, that the relationship would not be any different, essentially, if the SO had, or could bring about, the same development potential here. Even if German Scientologists have - so far as is known - not been caught in criminal acts comparable to those committed in the USA, the present findings and suspicions of the Munich State Attorney's Office that the SO operates in the gray areas of illegality and will not stop at criminal actions continues to provide reason for attentive observation of the activities of the OSA in Germany. ----------------------------------------------------------- The above is an excerpt from an unofficial translation of "The Scientology Intelligence Service" published by the Hamburg [Germany] Constitutional Security Agency and has a link on: http://members.tripod.com/German_Scn_News ----------------------------------------------------------- German Scientology News Unofficial translations from German-speaking countries Index/link to over 600 articles - http://cisar.org/trnmenu.htm Informational publications - http://members.tripod.com/German_Scn_News For non-commercial use only Have a nice day