The following declaration is written by a former scientology lawyer.
It mentions blackmail several times. This testimony supports the
many accusations that the criminal cult of scientology uses

Declaration of Joseph A. Yanny

I, JOSEPH A. YANNY, having personal knowledge of the following hereby declare and state that :

1. I am an attorney at law, duly admitted to practice before the United States Supreme Court, the Supreme Courts of the States of California and Illinois, and numerous other federal courts and administrative agencies. This is the tenth year of my admission to practice law. I am the sole shareholder of the entity known as Joseph A. Yanny, a Professional Corporation, which does business as Herzig and Yanny.

2. I have from time to time, represented the Plaintiffs herein (hereinafter collectively referred to as the "Cult") over the course of several years. My Corporation and I are Defendants herein, along with several of my associates. The Cult asks for equity, but their hands are unclean.

3. One of the basic beliefs of the Cult is the much written about "FAIR GAME" policy which states that an "ENEMY" of Scientology:

May be deprived of property or injured by any means by any Scientologist without any discipline of the Scientologis. May be tricked, sue or lied to or destroyed.

A true and correct copy of which is submitted as exhibit A.

4. The Corrolary to this "Fair Game" Doctrine is the "Religious Practice: set forth in the Cults' "Scriptures" known as the "level 0 checksheet" (a true and correct copy which is submitted as exhibit 1) and provides at the page marked as 55:

The purpose of the lawsuit is to harass and discourage rather than to win, The law can be used very easily to harass and enough harassment on somebody who is simply on the thin edge anyway, well knowing he is not authorized, will generally be sufficient to cause his professional decease. _If possibly, of course, ruin him utterly._

(emphasis added)

That is the purpose of this suit against myself, my firm and my associates. The Cult is so anxious to abuse process that it claims it needs expedited discovery, a special dispensation from the Rules of Discovery intended to allow a Defendant sufficient time to secure and brief counsel.

5. The "Fair Game" doctrine has been discussed at length in numerous litigations including the one entitle _U.S. v. Hubbard_ reported at 474 F. 2d 64 (D.C. .D.C. 1979), its predecessors and its progeny. See e.g.m 572 F. 2d 321, 591 F. 2d 533, 650 F. 2d 293, 668 F. 2d 1238, 436 F. Supp 689, 529 F. Supp. 945. In that case, top executives of the Cult were eventually convicted of crimes including theft of U.S. Government documents, obstruction of justice, and othe "fair game" related activities against the Government of the U.S., a known "ENEMY" of the Cult. See Exhibit 25 and 27 submitted herewith i.e. _Sentencing Memorandum and Stipulations of Evidence_

6. As late as 1984, Judge Beckenridge of this Honorable Court, wrote an opinion finding that the infamous "fair game" doctrine was still in full force and effect, barring equitable relief against the defendant in that case, Mr. Gerald Armstrong, who had actually stolen documents from the Cult. A true and correct copy of _Hubbard v. Armstrong_ is submitted herewith as exhibit B.

As Judge Beckenridge stated on page 8 of that opinion:

In 1970 a police agency of the French Government conducted an
investigation into Scientology and concluded, "this sect,
under the pretext of 'freeing humans' is nothing in reality
but a vast enterprise to extract the maximum amount of money
from its adepts by (use of) pseudo-scientific theories, by
(use of ) 'auditions' and 'stage settings' (lit. to create a
theatrical scene) pushed to extremes (a machine to detect
lies, its own particular phraseology. .), to estrange adepts
from their families and to exercise a kind of blackmail
against persons who do not wish to continue with this sect."2
From the evidence presented to this court in 1984, at the
very least, similar conclusions can be drawn. In addition to
violating and abusing its own members civil rights, the
organization over the years with its "Fair Game" doctrine has
harassed and abused those persons not in the Church whom it
perceives as enemies. The organization is clearly
schizophrenic and paranoid, and this bizarre combination
seems to be a reflection of its founder LRH. Judicial Notice
thereof is requested.

7. I would call the Court's attention to the doctrine of collateral estoppel, best statued by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of _University of Illinois v. Blonder-Tongue Laboratories_, 402 U.S. 313, 28 L. Ed. 2d 788, 91 S. Ct. 1434 (1971). I could cite California and Federal authority for the propisition that once policy such as "Fair Game" is established, the burden shifts to the Church to establish "a change in circumstance." However, I do not have the research on the subject nor my notes and copies of cases thereto (they are locked in this Court's jury room.)

8. The Court should also see the case of _Allard v. Church of Scientology of California_, 129 Cal. Rptr. 797 (2nd Dist. 1976), submitted as exhibit 5 herewith, and the full text of the _Stipulations of Evidence_ in the case of _United States v. Hubbard_, which sets fourth the various "Religious" practices of the Cult as including:

III. The conspiracy to intercept oral communications, Burglarize and steal and the substantive acts committed pursuant thereto.
VI. The conspiracy to Obstruct Justice, to obstruct an investigation, to harbor a fugitive and to make false declarations before the grand jury.

9. Submitted herewith a collection of exhibits which consist mostly of pleadings, evidence, exhibits, and judges' opinion in legal cases, with the only exceptions being No. 15, a magazine article, and No. 12, complaints filed with the Massachusetts Board of Bar Oversees by the Cult.

These materials are offered to show the chronic nationwide contempt which the Cult has shown for all judicial process, These materials clearly demonstrate that the Cult, according to written policy, will use any means legal or illegal to subvert and frustrate judicial process against them, and will willingly and knowingly abuse judicial process in order to attack perceived "enemies". The victims of these attacks include lawyers, judges, witnesses, and party defendants.

10. The following is a brief characterization of each of the included documents. True and correct copies of the exhibits are submitted herewith to wit:

Exhibit 1: _Purpose of a lawsuit_. This exhibit includes two
items. The first is a magazine article written by L. Ron Hubbard, the
founder of Scientology, describing how to use a lawsuit to harass
opponents (see page 55). The second one is an internal Scientology
document, that was part of the court record in _United States v. Mary
Sue Hubbard_, Cr.No. 78-401 (D.Ct., D.C.). It states that the object
of litigation with the I.R.S. is delay
Exhibit 2. _"Freedom of Speech Includes Freedom to Malign"._ This
document, written by Jane Kember, includes a blunt description of how
knowingly frivolous lawsuits can be used to drive publishers into
submission. Kember states that since in the U.S. a person who loses a
lawsuit is not required to pay the opponent's cost, frivolous lawsuits
are an effective means of imposing unbearable financial burdens on
publishers and thereby suppressing publications of materials on
Exhibit 3-9 Various cases which the Cult lost including findings
of frivolousness with the award of sanctions.
Exhibit 10. _Reader Digest Case_. The Cult attempted to enjoin
the publication of a Reader Digest article in Denmark. The Court held
that the suit was without merit and ordered the Cult to pay the Readers
Digest Dkr. 2000.
Exhibit 11. _Lawsuits against Attorney Michael Flynn and Thomas
Hoffman_. Attorneys Michal Flynn and Hoffman represented plaintiffs
who were suing the Cult. The Cult has sued the attorneys and their
employees. This exhibit includes the cover sheets of the suits and two
court orders dismissing the suits.
Exhibit 12. _Frivolous Bar Complaints_. The exhibit includes
cover sheets of frivolous bar complaints against attorneys representing
plaintiffs who are suing the Cult.
Exhibit 13. _Church of Scientology v. Cooper_. In this opinion,
Federal Judge Hauck describes an incident in which a Cult member was
found wandering around in a security area in the Los Angeles Federal
Exhibit 14. _Motion to Disqualify._ Self-explanatory
Exhibit 15. _Article from "American Lawyer_. Describes a number
of covert operations against judges who were sitting on Cult cases.
Exhibit 16. _Investigations of Judges_. The three parts of this
exhibit describe Cult operations to investigate the personal
backgrounds and families of judges deliberating in Scientology cases.
These exhibits are internal Cult documents seized by the F.B.I. from
Cult headquartets in 1977 and were part of the court records in _United
States v. Mary Sue Hubbard_, supra.
Exhibit 17. _Affidavit regarding infiltration_. This affidavit
of Dennis Quilligan describes the efforts of a Cult lawyer to
infiltrate the State's Attorneys office and his successful infiltration
of the lawfirm, representing Mayor Cazares, who was then being sued by
the Cult.
Exhibit 18. _Unsigned Stipulations of Evidence_. This lengthy
document was the agreed basis for the conviction of the Church's top
leaders in Federal Court in Washington, D.C. It includes a variety of
criminal actions committed by the Scientologists, including obstruction
of justice.
Exhibit 19. _Instruction on How to Lie_. An internal Cult
document containing instructions on how to lie effectively.
Exhibit 20. _Instructions on How to Steal Documents_. This
appaling document is self explanatory. It was seized in the F.B.I.
raid. The second part of the exhibit shows full knowledge by Cult
officials of ongoing burglaries.
Exhibit 21. _More Instructions+. Self-Explanatory.
Exhibit 22. _"Bulldozer Leak"_. This document describes an
operation to frustrate service of legal process by fraudulent means.
This document was seized in the F.B.I raid.
Exhibit 23. _Project Quaker_. This document describes an
operation to obstruct justice by concealing witnesses. Also taken in
the F.B.I. raid
Exhibit 24. _Early Warning system_. A scheme to frustrate legal
process by fraudulent and criminal means. This document was also taken
in the F.B.I. raid.
Exhibit 25. _Scientology Memorandum_. This is a lucid
description of the scope of criminal and tortious (sic) activities and
abuse of the judicial system by the Scientologists.
Exhibit 26. _Lost of Scientology Lawsuits_. This exhibit is a
partial list of lawsuits brought by the Cult, intended to show the
extreme litigiousness of the Cult.
Exhibit 27. The Signed Stipulations referred to in Exhibit 18.

11. I have personal knowledge of the fact that while the Cult claims in the verified complaint, to be religious, this Cult clams to be religious only within those jurisdictions where it is expedient to be so, e.g. the U.S. where there is a tax exempt status for such activities and a first amendment to hide behind when tortious (sic) and criminal activity must be defended. However, I have personal knowledge that in such countries as Israel and many parts of Latin America, where it is not expedient to be a religious organization, (because of a state religion and a prohibition against ownership of property by Religious organizations, Respectively,) "The Cult" claims to be a philosophical Society. I also have personal knowledge of documents which can prove these facts, which documents are in the possession of Thomas Small, Esq, of the firm of McDonald& Halstead, and Cult members such as Alan Cartright and a young lady named "Kirsten" (pronounced-Sher Ston).

12. The Court should also be aware of the verdict in tow recent cases, to wit:

1) _Christoffersin (Tichbourne) v. CSC, Hubbard et all_,
Portland, Oregon decided in 1985 (Case citation in Court's
Jury room) (in which a jury awarded Mrs Titchbourne $39
million dollars as a result of the "Fair Game" "Religious"
practices directed at her); and the case of 2) _Wollersheim
v. C.S.X._ in LA Superior Court before the Honorable Ronald
Swearingger (citation in Courts Jury room) (in which the jury
awarded Mr. Wollersheim $30 million as a result of the "Fair
Game" "Religious" Practices directed at him)

13. Since the outbreak of hostilities between the Aznarans and the Cult there is additional evidence of continued application of the "Fair Game Doctrine" present in the instant case, to wit:

1) Ms. Karen McRae, one of my alleged co-conspirators
herein, after having been visited upon by various attorneys
for the Cult (including two phone calls from: Earle Cooley,
Esq. and one visit in Dallas, Texas, by a femal attorney
from a D.C. firm representing the Cult), was severely beaten
by two unknown assailants in Dallas, Texas;
2) Rick Aznaran, while under surveillance by agents of the
Cult, was the object of a hit and run accident in the State
of Texas;
3) This past week, Ms. Wilske, my fiancee, was the object of
an auto accident involving the collision of the front and the
rear of her vehicle, totally disabling it and injuring her;
4) I, on Sunday June 26, 1988, at about 5:00 p.m. was
stopped by no less than four local police cars, in the City
of Bellaire, Ohio. The police called me by name that they
had information that I was in posession of firearms and
cocaine (the very same allegations made by the Cult in this
case). I was informed by the police that I had two options
i.e. to allow my car to be searched or be arrested on the
spot. Needless to say, I permitted the car my person and the
person of my relative to be searched. Nothing was found.
The next day, Monday the 27th of June, the occupants of two
out-of-state cars having Pennsylvania plates were questioned
by local officials. The occupants, stated that they had me
under surveillance since Saturday, June 25, 1988 (before the
search by the police), and that they had been hired by a
Washington D.C. firm (who represents the Cult) named
Williams & Connolly. A full report on this matter is now in
the hands of the FBI.
5) At a meeting held in the offices of Howard Weitzman, on
June 15, 1988, I was informed by Mr. Weitzman, that this
suit need not be filed and "could be handled", if and only if
the Aznaran suit would be made to go away.
6) Since I stopped representing the Cult in or about November
of 1987, my offices have been broken into on at least three
occasions (once with a crow bar), and numerous documents are
now missing relating to the cult. These break-ins were
conducted a number of months after __Mr. Moxon (an
unindicted co-conspirator in the__ _United States v. Hubbard_
__case__) had 'cased the Joint" under the guise of wanting to
rent space from me;

Now as to the players:

14. As to Mr Vallier, my former associate, an officer of my professional Corporation, and former employee, I state as follows:

a) Mr. Vallier, quit my employment in the month of February on a
few days notice;
b) Mr. Vallier is a well known seller of large quantities of
cocaine and has been so for years;
c) I am informed by Mr. Vallier that he was first busted and
convicted on drug charges at age 17, I am informed that through the aid
of his father (a local attorney), he had the matter expunged from his
records. Mr. Vallier expressed concern to me during 1986 that he was
being blackmailed by the Cult. he stated that the Cult had confronted
him with thefact of his prior drug conviction as a minor, a fact that
was not public knowledge.
d) I have personally seen Mr. Vallier in possession of large
quantities of cocaine which he stated was intended for resale; and he
also stated that selling drugs was his way of supporting his own habit
and supplementing his income;
e) Mr Vallier has stated that he had been a supplier of cocaine to
other known enemies of the Cult while he was in la school;
f) Mr Vallier stated before departing my good offices that he had
been an "operative" for the Cult in obtaining information from inside
the offices of Charles O'Reilly, through an old "cuddle" (as he called
her), whom I recall he identified as "Mary", stating that she was one
of the O'Reilly attorneys' secretary. Mr Vallier further stated that
he supplied "Mary" with cocaine. With respect to the O'Reilly
operation, Mr Vallier stated to me that he was "run" by Warren
g) There currently exists a dispute between Mr Vallier and myself
as to fees earned. It took Mr Vallier three times to pass the
California Bar Exam.

15. Ms Peti;

a) Worked for me from April 1987, (the time when the Aznarans made
an escape from a secret cult prison location in the desert known as
"Happy Valley") until shortly before, the institution of this action.
She was emotionally distraught, a heavy substance abuser, and possessed
of an extreme weight problem. She was also a lover of Thomas Vallier
with whom she spent the night during a visit to Oregon which we took in
the Summer of 1987,
b) I am within the last week, informed by a Mr. Waysman that she
was a former secretary of his and a key witness in a disciplinary
proceeding which resulted in the 1986 published case of _Waysman v.
State Bar of California_, 224 Cal. Rptr. 101 (Cal.1986), involving
allegations of drinking and drug abuse. I am informed by Mr. Waysman,
that Ms. Peti, worked for him only three weeks before running off with
money and testifying to things she could have no knowledge of.
c) I know believe that Ms. Peti, was recruited to infiltrate my
organization as a plant at about the time of the criminal incarceration
of Vicki Aznaran, in early 1987, by the Cult because of Peti's peculiar
experiences as witness in the Waysman case (see exhibits 17 & 20.)
d) Prior to departing my offices, Ms. Peti had numerous financial
misfortunes, was sued for divorce by her estranged husband, (the law
clerk referred to in the Waysman case), and was heavily using alcohol
and drugs (which she stated she obtained from Mr. Vallier, who she was
regularly seeing after she left my employment).

16. As to Mr. Warren McShane, I state that he has informed me that he was a high ranking operative in the "G.O.", during the days which saw the events which resulted in the _United States v. Hubbard_ convictions. His tendencies toward criminal behavior and disregard for the law were the subject of many complaints by me to Mrs Vicki Aznaran prior to her incarceration in the dessert by the Cult. It was this tendency to criminality that resulted in his removal from his post and apparently gave rise to his current grudge match against me. I was informed by Mr. McShane the he was running plants in the inner circle of one David Mayo and that he was "culling" confidential confessional folders of cult members (known as "P.C. folders") to gain information that would be used against them as blackmail or for impeachment purpose. I personally observed this culling and objected to it.

17. As to Mr Moxon, I state that: Prior to his completing law school, he was one of numerous unindicted co-conspirators in the case of _United States v. Hubbard_.

18. Mr Cooley (who in his last two outings for the church lost a $39 million dollar verdict in Oregon and another $30 million verdict in L.A.) has personally ordered the destruction of evidence relating to Cult litigation in my presence. These orders were given to Warren McShane and Mark "Marty" Rathburn

19. I was hired by Mrs. Aznaran in 1984 to represent the Cult in trade secret, copyright and trade mark litigation matters.

20. I am informed and therefore believe, that sometime in early 1987, Mrs. Aznaran was abducted and taken to a "Johnestown-like" camp known as "Happy Valley". As far as I know, she just disappeared. It was not until many months later that Vicki, a personal friend, found the courage to initiate contact with me.

21. Prior to talking with Vicki, after her abduction, a number of extremely troubling occurrences happened involving my representation of the Cult; to wit:

a) Sometimes in April or May 1987 I was summoned to a meeting on
the 4th floor of the Cult headquarters in L.A. and at that meeting
were many high ranking officials of the Cult including, Linda Hamel
(Director of Covert Intel operations), "Marty" Mark Rathburn. and an
indistinguished cast of others. The subject matter of the meeting was
to be "The Catholic Conspiracy and Charles O'Reilly." At the meeting
it was explained that Catholics were the enemies of the Cult and that
Charles O'Reilly was their best hit man. (O'Reilly had recently
obtained a $30 million dollar verdict against the Cult in _Wollersheim_
and previously tried the _Allard_ case). Mr O'Reilly (whom I have
personally sued for the Cult, obtaining an injunction against him in
Federal Court), despite his human tendencies, remains one of the few
lawyers in this country with the skill and courage to meet the Cult
head on, beat it and not sell out. Since he didn't have a price, it
was explained by Mr Rathburn that he must be handled through blackmail.
Three private investigators were present at that meeting. I do not
remember their names. I and the others were told by "Marty" Rathburn,
that on the orders of David Miscavige (the successor of the L. Ron
Hubbard as the head of the Cult), that the medical records of O'Reilly
were to be stolen from the "Betty Ford Center" and another location in
Santa Barbara to show that he was using cocaine, discredit him, and
possibly blackmail him into easing off on his 30 million dollar verdict
now on appeal. I objected to this as illegal and an alternative plan
was quickly arrived at to "settle my nerves". Within days, I informed
the Cults' chief lawyer, John Peterson, that I wanted to substitute out
of the cases in which I represented the Cult. Soon thereafter Mr.
Peterson died. I substituted out as quickly as possible thereafter.
b) I also became aware of numerous "cullings" of P.C. folders by
Cult members. I was actually given P.C. folder data to prepare for
depositions of former members. Again I objected. The confidential
materials were put in "prep packs". When I objected to this practice,
I was told by Mr. McShane and a Mr. Ryerson that this was standard
practice in the Cult. I again offered my resignation as their counsel.
Within weeks, the prep packs were removed from my office by a team of
Cult members headed by a Mrs Joyce van Dyke. Prior to the break-ins
into my office, I received receipts for the prep packs as they were
turned over to the Cult team. I have not been able to locate them.
c) There was also wholesale destruction of evidence, theft of
documents from private persons and attempts to infiltrate the Court
chambers of Judges Lilly and Swearinger.
d) This is but the top of the iceberg. Many of the documents in
this Court's Jury Room show recent attempts by this Cult to infiltrate
courthouses, U.S. government contractors such as Honeywell in Phoenix,
to find out what classified projects these contractors were getting
from the "Rockefellers" and the "DOD" and other "enemies of mankind".
e) I was also informed of a Cult-organized group of vigilantes
known as the "minutemen" who were to go beat up dissidents and had in
fact done so. I retained no originals of any documents that belong to
the Cult, I simply retained copies, which I am permitted to do. The
enscrypting diskettes for the Cult computer, were turned over to them
prior to the break-ins in my office.
f) I also became aware of a plot to obstruct Justice or at least
perpetuate a fraud to the Courts in the form of settlement agreements
of numerous pieces of Cult litigation, which required that lawyers
never take litigation against the Cult in the future, that no-one
(lawyers or parties) testify against the Cult, and that all evidence
and files be turned over to the Cult for destruction.
g) Additionally, I became aware that witnesses such as Bill Franks
and others signed contracts to keep quiet about what they knew. In
other words they were paid hush money,

22. I never engaged in the representation of the Aznarans or Mr Corydon, nor did I impart any confidential "privileged information to them." We have one thing in common, a common criminal enemy -- the Cult -- who the governments of this country have allowed to physically beat its citizens, to betray their confidences, ignore their civil right and use the Judicial System to Destroy them.

23. That I had a difficult time sleeping knowing what I knew, having represented this criminal Cult -- I readily admit.

24 From the time I wanted to substitute out of the Cult cases until present, the Cult failed to make payments for services rendered, A deep dispute arose, when questioned by Cult member Carol Martiniano about who would have facts to support my contentions regarding the fee dispute, I informed her Vicki and others would know. Within a few days Vicki called me to tell me that she had received threats from Earle Cooley on the phone, that she better not remember the facts the way she was stating them or she would be sued by the Cult. At that time Vicki informed me of the facts surrounding her incarceration and denial of medical treatment at "Happy Valley". I informed her that she had a potential statute of limitation problem, that I probably should not represent her, but would help her find a lawyer. I told her that she had a place to stay if she wanted one -- my home. She, her husband and Ms. McRae came to my home, found a lawyer and sued. To this day, I haven't seen her full complaint, and no one in my office drafted any part of it.

23. It was my determination that I had no conflict of interest in the Aznaran matter, but in order to best serve the Aznarans' interest, they should find other council -- so the matter could be resolved on the merits, not by default or attrition.

26. As a result of Vicki's visit, I met Mr. Corydon, Vicki's friend. I began to gather evidence for my conflict with the Cult since the storm clouds were gathering. I had read Mr. Corydon's Book _L. Ron Hubbard - Messiah or Madman_, before meeting Mr. Corydon, found the book both frightening and interesting, and submit the same as exhibit 28. I recommend it to the court's attention.

27. Most of the alleged facts set forth in the Declaration of Peti are outright lies. It is true that Mrs. Peti worked for the firm of Herzig & Yanny for a little more than a year. When she quit, she left in the middle of a business day and never returned, contrary to her statement that she came back to the from from time to time and that I made damaging statements to her.

28. In addition to the above, it is also true that my office has copied the work performed on behalf of the plaintiffs and the work performed by other offices to which our office responded on behalf of plaintiffs. We have retained those copies. It is further true that our office has retained the complete diskettes that contain the work that the Herzig & Yanny firm did for the plaintiffs, most of which has been filed and is therefor subject to public inspection. I have also received communications from plaintiffs containing material which indicates that they were engaged in criminal activity. I retained copies of those documents in order to establish that these criminal activities are such as to constitute a waiver of the attorney-client privilege and also establish that this lawsuit and their conduct towards me in initiating it are a part of a common purpose and plan carried out by the plaintiffs against all those people who leave their employment or who leave their church. It is necessary for me to retain those copies to properly defend myself in this action.

29. I have had no opportunity to get fully informed advice from my attorney, or from any attorney, as to what I should do with the copies that I have formerly retained, which are now held by this Court. I believe that those documents will indicate that the plaintiffs have participated in a consistent conspiracy to obstruct justice and to perpetuate fraud upon the Court and that by reason thereof, and by reason of the provisions of California Evidence Code paragraph 956, such information is not subject to any privilege whatsoever.

30. Addressing myself to certain of the specifics of the Dorothy Ann Peti Declaration, my comment is as follows:

At no time did I instruct Dorothy Ann Peti or anyone else in the employment of Herzig & Yanny to inflate the billable hours for the plaintiffs, or to any other clients of the office. With reference to Thomas R. Vallier, on numerous occasions, I informed Mr. Vallier that he was either incompetent or had lost sight of the true hours spent on the job, and that I could not bill the client the hours shown on his timesheets, and I drastically reduced the hours billed to the clients.

31. It is absolutely false that I charged Lisa Wilske's time at other than her normal rate, which ran from various time at $40 per hour, $75 per hour, and later, when she finished law school and became an attorney, at $125 per hour.

32. It is not true that Lisa Wilske or anyone else ever asked Ms. Petti to attend any proceedings at the home of Joseph a. Yanny and give an "impression" of conversation with any individuals. Most of the time that Ms Peti was "at" my home was actually spent at a local bar called the "Poopdeck" and, on at least one of the days that she referred to, she called us to come and get her because she was so drunk that she was afraid to leave the bar by herself. On one of those occasions, she bought me a shirt containing an advertisement of the bar, which is still owned by the Declarant.

33. I knew Vicki Aznaran because she had been the president of Religious Technology Center, one of the plaintiffs herein, during the time that I represented the plaintiffs. After Ms. Aznaran left the Church, and after I terminated my professional relationship with the plaintiffs, I had numerous conversations with her, and she advised me that she had terminated her relationship with the plaintiffs and that she had been, in effect, kidnaped and taken to the desert, deprived of medical care, forced to go on marches, and finally was able to escape. She said that she was going to come over and discuss the matter with me. During one of the weekends at my home, in addition to the social pleasantries that were exchanged, she asked me if i could represent her in suits against the Church; I stated that I would have to review the matter.

34. At that time, I had heard of Mr. Corydon, but I had not met him until he came to visit with Vicki at my home in Hermosa beach. I had known that he had written the book _L Ron Hubbard -- Messiah or Madman ?_, and that the plaintiffs were extremely angry with him over writing the book, but I knew little about him. At no time did Mr. Corydon tell me he did not have financial resources to hire an attorney. At no time did I discuss those lack of funds or Lisa Wilske's prior participation with the plaintiffs, nor did I ever offer to have Ms. Wilske, or anyone in my office, represent Mr. Corydon. At no time did I have Lisa Wilske or Richard Wynne or anyone else in my office research any issues concerning the Aznaran complaint. The only research that was done was by Lisa Wilske and Mary Grieco as to the propriety or possibility of our firm representing someone adverse to the plaintiffs. For many reasons, I decided it would be inappropriate to represent the Aznarans.

35. Neither I nor anyone else in the office of Herzig & Yanny to my knowledge drafted any portion of the planned or actual Aznaran Complaint, and it is an absolute lie (as is most of the Declaration of Peti) that I was present during the filing of that complaint. It is also not true that I imparted any confidential material, or any material whatsoever, to the firm of Cummins & White or to any of its members to assist them in the preparation of the Aznaran Complaint.

36. It is true that a stack of documents were brought to my home on one of the dates referred to in the Peti Declaration. These documents related to the break-in of government offices by agents of the plaintiffs in 1977 or 1978 which resulted in an action brought by the United States against the plaintiffs, and resulted in nine of the top executives of the Cult, including the wife of L. Ron Hubbard, being convicted and sent to spend time in the Federal penitentiary.

37. I felt they were relevant to my impending suit with the Cult in light of the numerous break-ins to my quarters. The fanciful story told by the petitioner in paragraph 21 on page 6 and 7 of Ms. Peti's Declaration is not only false, but it is intended to create an impression which Ms. Peti knows is false. The fact of the matter are absolutely to the contrary. Ms Peti is well aware that the motion she refers to was prepared by the Church at their own offices and was brought to me by Thomas Vallier at Court when I was present during another matter. I read the documents and refused to sign them. I said that they were wrong and were not to be served. I told Mr. Vallier that they were wrong and were not to be served, and he left. If I had known that they had been served, I would certainly have sent out a "notice of non-hearing." I first learned that the documents had been served when I received the motion for sanctions. I inquired of Ms. Peti, and she told me that she had received a call from the Church and that they had told her that I had advised them that she should serve the documents. I told her that that was absolutely false. The church insisted that I oppose the motions for sanctions and I did.

38. At no time did I lecture or otherwise inform Corydon or anyone else concerning the actual facts about the plaintiffs' "weaknesses." I was advised and learned of some of those weaknesses, but that knowledge was one of the things that persuaded me not to represent the Aznarans in their suit against the plaintiffs.

39. It is true that, after Vicki Aznaran told me the facts of her imprisonment by the plaintiffs, I told her that she might have a statute of limitation problem and that if she was going to bring an action she had better be careful of the time limitations. I also told her that I would recommend some attorneys she could go to. She told me that there had been numerous agreements between the Church and numerous attorneys and witnesses wherein they had agreed not to represent anyone who had an interest adverse to the Church and the witnesses agreed not to testify for anyone who had a cause of action against the Church.

40. I have never seen the full Aznaran Complaint. I am not aware of it ever coming to the office of Herzig & Yanny. I was not aware that this was a possibility until my attorney read that portion of the Ms. Peti statement to me on June 26, 1988, paragraph 24 of the Peti Declaration. Under no circumstances did I assist in the preparation of any Complaint by Aznaran against the Church.

41. The declaration of Vicki Aznaran concerning the retaining fee dispute that I presently have with the plaintiffs came in some time prior to any meeting that I had with the Aznarans. That Declaration was taken from my office during one of the many break-ins to my office following my termination as attorney for the Church. During one of those break-ins, which was accomplished by the use of a crowbar, my individual office was broken into as well.

42. Paragraph 28 of Ms. Peti's declaration is absolutely false, and Ms. Peti must know that it is false. Ms. Peti had nothing to do with the billing at our office. If she had taken the time to make an investigation of that billing, she would have discovered that all of the billing for Lisa Wilske, whether for the Church or any of the clients, was billed at Ms. Wilske's regular rate, and was never billed at Yanny's higher partner rate.

43. The allegations of paragraph 21 in Ms. Peti's Declaration are vicious and false, and are nothing but deliberate lies intended to place me in a bad light before this court.

44. At this point, I have not had sufficient opportunity to review the extensive documentation filed by the Cult in support of the pending Application.

45. As to the Declaration of Mr. Vallier, I can only state that the contents of paragraph 2, appear to be generally correct but the contents of paragraph 3 and 4 are out right perjury. As to paragraph 5, I can only state that there was a break-in into my offices, I have no knowledge of what others believe or stated, that I staged no break-in. The balance of Mr. Vallier's paragraph 5 is a lie. As to paragraph 6 and 7 of Mr. Vallier's Declaration, I can only state that both Peti and Vallier (who are now on the Cult's payroll) are Liars and the implications are false. As to paragraph 8, I did withdraw as counsel and executed substitution of attorney papers which were delivered to the Cult representatives for filing in Court. As to the contents of paragraph 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, I can only state that there was no "conspiracy," and I have no knowledge of Mr. Vallier's conversations with Messrs.. Wynne and Grabowski, and that his alleged conversation with me is a figment of his tortious imagination. The contents of paragraph 14 are also false.

46. As to the Declaration of Warren McShane, I can state that as to:

a) paragraph 3, 4, 5, 6, - the contents are false as far as I
know. I never met McShane until 1984.
b) The contents of paragraph 7 appears to be generally correct;
c) I have no recollection of the allegations made in paragraph 8
or 9 of the McShane Declaration, and all my files are with this
d) The contents of paragraph 10 appears to be generally
correct, except that the dates, and I did represent the Cult
in the litigation specified in paragraph 11.
e) As to paragraph 12 and 13, I can only state that Vicki
Aznaran was and is my friend (a concept you will not find
discussed in the Cult writings of L. Ron Hubbard). In 1985,
I was given a $150,000. non-refundable retainer, "For 1985"
not to be applied against billings, as an inducement to begin
working nearly full time for the Cult as "co-ordinating
attorney". I did submit bills regularly and none of the 1985
retainer was applied against billings. The remainder of
paragraphs 13, 14, 15, 16, and 17 are untrue except that I
did often reduce my bills to compensate for the quality of
work done by Vallier, who needed three tries to pass the Bar
f) As to the contents of paragraph 18-24, I can only state
that I have had correspondence with Mr Weitzman, but the
balance is either untrue, distorted, or not in my memory
banks or records.
At no time have I ever conspired with anyone to disclose, nor have
I disclosed, nor do I intend to disclose any privileged information
pertaining to the plaintiffs in this lawsuit which was obtained during
the course of the prior attorney-client relationship between Plaintiffs
and Defendants. I do not intend during the course of this lawsuit, nor
at any time hereafter, to aid, counsel, or otherwise participate in the
legal representation of Vicki J. Aznaran, Richard Aznaran, and Bent
Corydon regarding their lawsuits with the Plaintiffs.
I hereby declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the
State of California that all of the above is true and correct except as
to those matters stated on information, and as to those matters I
believe them to be true.
Executed at Los Angeles, California on this 13th day of July, 1988
Joseph A. Yanny

From Mon Aug 25 12:57:26 2003
This document webbed here:

Note: The notation "Not to Be Published" means that this opinion,
which follows, is not to be published in official reports and may not
be cited to, or relied upon. Appellate opinions that are published in
official reports may be cited to, and act as precedent. The
unpublished opinion may be cited to or relied upon when it is relevant
under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, or collateral
estoppel, or when it is relevant to a criminal proceeding because it
states reasons for a decision affecting the same defendant or
California Rules of Court, No. 977

This opinion, while not usable in most legal proceedings involving
Scientology, is very instructive regarding the cult’s litigation fair
game practices in the 1990’s, and can and should be cited to and used
by those of us who oppose the cult in other arenas. 






California non-profit religious
corporation; CHURCH OF
a California non-profit
religious corporation; and
CALIFORNIA, A California
non-profit religious corporation.

Plaintiffs and Appellants,


JOSEPH A. YANNY, an individual,
and JOSEPH A. Yanny, a
professional Law Corporation.

Defendants and Respondents.


No. B058291

(Super. Ct. No. C690211)

JUN 29 1994
Deputy Clerk

APPEAL from judgments of the Superior Court of

Los Angeles County. Raymond Cardenas, Judge. Affirmed.

William T. Drescher, attorney for Plaintiffs and

Appellants, Religious Technology Center; Eric M. Lieberman

et al., attorneys for Plaintiffs and Appellants, Church of

Scientology International.

Lewis, D'Amato, Brisbois & Bisgaard; David B.

Parker, Jayesh Patel, Matthew D. Berger, Joseph A. Yanny,

attorneys for Defendants and Respondents Joseph A Yanny,

et al.



STANIFORTH, J., Dissenting:

The plaintiffs (appellants) are the Religious

Technology Center ("RTC")1 Church of Scientology of California 

("CSC"), (collectively, Scientology) brought this action

against their former attorney Joseph A. Yanny (Yanny)2 seeking 

a permanent injunction and damages. Yanny by cross-complaint

sought payment for legal services rendered Scientology

Churches. The trial commenced before a jury. Four weeks into

the jury trial Scientology waived their damages claim,

whereupon the trial was bifurcated. The jury was to determine

the legal issues (Yanny's cross-complaint) and the equitable

issue (injunctive relief) was to be determined by the court.

Scientology's complaint against Yanny and members

of his firm was for breach of fiduciary duty, breach of

contract, tortious breach of the covenant of good faith and

fair dealing, constructive fraud, fraud, intentional

interference with contract, civil conspiracy and


1 RTC has been joined in this brief by the other two
plaintiffs-appellants, Church of Scientology of California
("CSC") and Church of Scientology International ("CSI").
RTC, CSC and CSI are collectively referred to hereafter as
"Appellants" or "Scientology."

2 Also named as defendants were several associates who
had worked for Yanny during the relevant time, including
Richard Wynne, Lisa Wilske, Mary Grieco, and Karen McRae,
counsel to an individual, Vicki Aznaran.



conversion. Scientology charged, among other things, that

Yanny was orchestrating a number of lawsuits against them.

Yanny cross-complained for the legal fees owed him.

After a 41-day trial (3 months) the jury awarded

Yanny $154,000 damages as attorney fees owed. After

hearing the equitable claims the trial court denied

injunctive relief. Scientology appeals the adverse



Scientology contends Yanny and his counsel, Van
Sickle, were guilty of deliberate pervasive misconduct so
prejudicial as to require reversal; that the trial court
failed to instruct as to willful suppression of evidence;
and there is a lack of substantial evidence to support the
jury award to Yanny. Finally it is urged the trial court
erred in refusing to enjoin Yanny from "continuing to aid
litigation adversaries in substantially related matters" to
his previous employment as attorney for Scientology.


Scientology's complaint (filed June 1988, amended
August 1988) charged Yanny and his professional corporation
and associates with submitting false or inflated bills and
thus breach of contract (second cause of action) and



engaged in fraud (fourth cause of action). Plaintiffs also
charged Yanny, as well as Herzig & Yanny, with conversion
based on their failure to return, among other items, the
$150,000 retainer paid Yanny (ninth cause of action), and
with fraud for having knowingly made false representations
as to Yanny's responsibility for papers served but not
filed in a lawsuit in which Yanny represented RTC (sixth
cause of action).3

On August 4, 1988, the court entered a preliminary
injunction prohibiting Yanny, Wynne, and McRae from
disclosing or encouraging the disclosure of confidences
obtained during their attorney-client relationship with


In February 1989, Yanny, filed a cross-complaint
against Scientology. Yanny charged Scientology had not
paid a bill submitted in January 1988 for the period


3 The legal issues submitted in this appeal are no
different to those briefed in Scientology's second lawsuit
against respondent Yanny. This was a later filed lawsuit,
briefed before this particular appeal. Respondents request
this court to take judicial notice of this case in the
Second Appellate District, Division III, case No. B068261,
an appeal from the judgment of a Superior Court of
California, County of Los Angeles, case No. BC033035.

4 This preliminary injunction was based upon the sworn
testimony of two persons who were later, upon trial, found
not worthy of belief.



October through December 1987 for legal services and
expenses. He also asserted causes of action for breach of
contract (first cause of action), for account stated
(second cause of action), for work, labor and services
(third cause of action), and for book account (fourth cause
of action). In addition, Yanny alleged a cause of action
for quantum merit for $10,500,000, on the ground that
plaintiffs had purportedly been unjustly enriched by this
sum. The reasonable value of the cross-claimants' services
were sought (fifth cause of action). Finally, Yanny
claimed that plaintiff exploited him in breach of their
covenant of good faith and fair dealing (sixth cause of
action). Yanny's plaintiff cross-complaint sought both
compensatory and punitive damages.


We accept the trial court summary of the evidence
relevant to the injunctive issues. These findings are
supported by substantial evidence.

The trial court found:

"An attorney-client relationship existed
between Yanny on the one hand and plaintiffs
on another giving rise to certain fiduciary,
contractual and ethical duties which Yanny
continued to owe to plaintiffs after the
attorney-client relationship terminated."



"The evidence admitted at trial established
that after plaintiffs and Yanny became
involved in a dispute over attorney's fees
and also the $150,000.00 retainer [the jury
found that the retainer was not refundable],
plaintiffs' agents Marty Rathbun and attorney
Earle Cooley questioned Yanny's integrity and
reputation and attacked his motives by
attempting to convince Vicki Aznaran not to
assist Yanny in any way. As provided in Case
Law and the Evidence Code, such conduct by
plaintiffs, acting through their agents,
partially waived the attorney-client
privilege which existed and allowed Yanny to
act to protect his interest with respect to
his legal reputation and his right to receive
payment for legal services rendered in
1987-1988, and to establish his right to the
$150,000.00 retainer. At the outset,
therefore, plaintiffs waived their right that
Yanny not breach the duty of confidentiality
or loyalty with respect to matters and
confidences that were relevant to the legal
dispute between the parties. There was no
waiver with respect to confidences unrelated
to the dispute.

"The evidence admitted at trial with respect
to Yanny established the following:

"(a) Yanny allowed his friends, the Aznarans
and Karen McRae, to stay at his house for a
period varying between one and two weeks in
the latter part of March 1988;

"(b) Yanny discussed Scientology doctrines
and listened as Vicki Aznaran (former
president of RTC) and Richard Aznaran told of
their mistreatment by plaintiffs while he
(Yanny) was seeking evidence in support of his
claims against plaintiffs. As for the alleged
breach of confidences, there is insufficient
evidence to prove that Yanny disclosed a
client's confidences or secrets. Much has
been made about Yanny's knowledge of
Scientology's litigation strategies and



weaknesses; however, there was insufficient
proof that Yanny disclosed and then held
secrets. The evidence disclosed that
litigation strategies and weaknesses of
plaintiffs were well known to Vicki Aznaran,
former President of RTC. Moreover, it was
evident (from the evidence) that 'many members
of the firm were aware of and familiar with
the Wollersheim v. Scientology case which
published those things that plaintiffs contend
were secret litigation weakness and tactics.'"

"The court was asked to accept the often
conflicting and highly impeached testimony of
Dorothy Peti as it related to Yanny's
conversations with the Aznarans, McRae, Bent
Corydon, Lisa Wilske and Mary Grieco at the
Hermosa Beach gatherings in March 1988. The
court finds that Dorothy Peti's testimony
lacked the credibility necessary to support a
court's finding that Yanny, Wynne and McRae
individually or jointly violated duties owed
to plaintiffs."5

"Yanny inquired into the ethical questions
raised by his possible representation of the
Aznarans against plaintiffs, but concluded,
for various reasons, that he would not
represent the Aznarans. The evidence
established that while Yanny may have
indicated that he felt he could represent the
Aznarans, he elected not to do so. Even if he
had, such representation would not have
necessarily resulted in a breach of Yanny's
ethical obligations, as adverse representation
is permissible under certain conditions.
(Wutchumna Water Co. v. Bailey (1932) 216 Cal.


5 A dispassionate reading of the Dorothy Peti's testimony
points directly to the falsity of Scientology's claims of
Yanny "revealing" any "secrets" of Scientology. There is a
strong suspicion that Peti was a "plant," a spy on behalf
of Scientology. She reported directly to the Scientology



"Yanny assisted the Aznarans in their search
for experienced counsel to represent them
against plaintiffs."

The court found that Yanny's assistance in this
regard including transporting the Aznarans to other
attorneys' offices did not constitute a breach of duties
owed plaintiffs. There was insufficient evidence to
establish that Yanny rendered legal assistance to any
prospective attorneys.

The court concluded:

"Yanny was and is an aggressive attorney who
is apparently driven by an all-consuming
desire to right the wrongs that he believes
plaintiffs have committed over the years with
respect to him and others. It is this state
of mind that blurs his objectivity and has
caused Yanny to appear to lose sight of his
continuing professional responsibility to the
plaintiffs, his former clients--a duty of
confidentiality which he will bear so long as
he is an attorney. Although Yanny's conduct
suggests a ready willingness to disregard
legal and ethical responsibilities owed to
his former clients, the fact is that
plaintiffs failed to prove the allegations of
the complaint and did not establish by the
evidence the necessary prerequisites for the
issuance of permanent injunction."

Scientology's "undisputed facts" were not
accepted by the trial court. More than substantial
evidence supports the trial court's denial of injunctive



relief. A dispassionate reading of the reporter's
transcript cited by Scientology leads to these
conclusions: (1) There was no evidence presented of
Yanny entering into any representation of any person, any
prospective adversary to Scientology; (2) There is a
total lack of evidence that Yanny breached any particular
or general fiduciary duties of confidentiality and
loyalty owed to his former client.



Concerning the standard of appellate review of
disqualification proceedings this court said in H.F.
Ahmanson & Co. v. Salomon Brothers, Inc. & Co., supra,
229 Cal.App.3d 1445 at p. 1451: "In our review of
disqualification motions, as elsewhere, the judgment of
the lower court is presumed correct and all intendments
and presumptions are indulged to support it on matters as
to which the record is silent. (Centinela Hospital Ass.
v. City of Inglewood (1990) 225 Cal.App.3d 1586.)
Conflicts in the declarations are resolved in favor
of the prevailing party and the trial court's resolution of
factual issues arising from competing declarations is
conclusive on the reviewing court. [Citations.]"



See also In re Marriage of Zimmerman (1993) 16

Cal.App.4th 556, 561-562; In re Complex Asbestos 

Litigation, 232 Cal.App.3d 572, 667, 671; Higdon v.

Superior Court, 227 Cal.App.3d 1667, 1671.


This court in H. F. Ahmanson & Co. v. Salomon 

Brothers, Inc., supra, 229 Cal.App.3d 1445, 1451


"It is beyond dispute a court may
disqualify an attorney from representing a
client with interests adverse of a former
client. (Wutchumna Water Co. v. Bailey
(1932) 216 Cal. 564, 573-574; Gregori v.
Bank of America (1989) 207 Cal.App.3d 291,
298.) In re Marriage of Zimmerman, supra,
16 Cal.App.4th 556, 562-563, disqualifica-
tion in cases of successive representation
is based on the prohibition against
'employment adverse to a . . . former client
where, by reason of the representation of
the . . . former client, the [attorney] has
obtained confidential information material
to the employment . . . .'" (Rule 3-310,
Rules Prof. Conduct [23 West's Ann. Civ. &
Crim. court Rules, pt. 2 (1990 Supp.) p.
445; Deering's Ann. Rules of Court (1991
pocket pt.) p. 19].)

Scientology cites a host of cases holding the

fiduciary duties of an attorney include the obligation to

refrain from aiding parties with interests adverse to the

interests of the attorney's former clients in matters



which are substantially related to matters the attorney

handled in representing the former clients. (See, e.g.,

People ex rel. Deukmejian v. Brown, 41 Cal.3d 150,

156-57; Western Continental Operating Co. v. Natural Gas 

Corp. (1989) 212 Cal.App.3d 752, 758-60; In re Jessica

B. (1989) 207 Cal.App.3d 504, 511-12; River West, Inc.

v. Nickel, supra, 188 Cal.App.3d 1297, 1302-04; Elliott

v. McFarland Unified School District (1985) 165

Cal.App.3d 562, 568-70; Civil Service Commission v.

Superior Court (1984) 163 Cal.App.3d 70, 79-81; Dill

v. Superior Court (1984) 158 Cal.App.3d 301, 304-305; Woods

v. Superior Court (1983) 149 Cal.App.3d 931, 934-35.)

None of these cases are in point. There is no

evidence whatsoever that Yanny represents any former

client with an interest adversed to those of

Scientology. This rule therefore has no application

here. The evidence is without contradiction, Yanny

determined after examination and consideration not to

represent any prospective client in a suit against

Scientology. Nor is there any evidence of any threat to

represent anyone in an unspecified future litigation

against Scientology.




The rule against disclosure of confidential

information extends beyond representing a client in an

action against a former client. "He may not do anything

which will injuriously affect his former client in any

manner . . . nor may he at any time use against his former

clients knowledge of information acquired by virtue of the

previous relationship." (Wutchumna Water Co. v. Bailey, 

supra, 216 Cal. 564, 573-574; Grove v. Grove Valve & 

Regulator Co. (1963) 213 Cal.App.2d 646, 650-651; Marriage

of Zimmerman, supra 16 Cal.App.4th 556, 562 and cases

cited therein.)

No evidence was presented to the trial court to

suggest that Yanny was revealing "secrets learned in

representing Scientology" to anyone. The record is bare of

facts to support application of the broader rules cited

above. Scientology recognizes its difficult factual

problem, admitting:

"In this case, an entirely different--and
unique -- circumstance was presented. Yanny
had not made an appearance as counsel of
record in any of the actions in which he was
aiding adverse litigants. Instead, all of
his efforts were made behind the scenes,
hidden from the Churches. This placed the
Churches in an extremely difficult and
unenviable position. Obtaining Yanny's



disqualification in each of a series of cases
while he was disclaiming any role, would have
been virtually impossible. First, it is
unclear whether a court would have
jurisdiction to disqualify an attorney who
has made no appearance and denies playing any
role in the litigation. Second, proof of
Yanny's involvement on a case-by-case basis
would, practically speaking, have been
impossible. Disqualification orders,
moreover, would have been largely useless in
any case since by the time the Churches
discovered his involvement in a case and
moved to disqualify the damage would already
have been done. [¶] The Churches' only hope
for obtaining effective relief was thus to
seek general injunctive relief ordering a
halt to his improper conduct precisely what
the Churches did here."

In Scientology's attempt to get evidence of

Yanny's disclosure of secrets, Scientology relied upon

witnesses Dorothy Cota and Thomas Vallier. Cota reported

to Scientology attorneys her attendance of meetings where

Scientology claims "secrets" were disclosed. An

examination of her testimony shows no support for

Scientology's factual contention. The trial court found

her testimony "highly impeached" and "lacked credibility."

The second witness offering testimony to "secrets"

disclosed was Thomas Vallier. The trial court found

Vallier's testimony "not credible, not supported by other




A former client's claim of attorney disloyalty,

absent any proof of disclosure of confidences, is not

actionable. Scientology does not cite a single case to

support its legal factual position. Scientology's

reliance on disqualification cases do not give life to

their cause of action here. As stated in a leading

national treatise on attorney malpractice, 1 Mallen &

Mith, Legal Malpractice (3d Ed.) at page 804:

"There must be an actual fiduciary breach
which caused real damages. Thus, the
'substantial relationship' between subject
matters of representation must be reality and
involve actual adversity. A cause of action
is not established by showing that the
attorney had access to confidential
information or that the representation was
adverse. The former client must establish
not only that the attorney possessed and
misused the client's confidences but also
that the fiduciary breach was a proximate
cause of injury. (See Stockton Theaters Inc.
v. Palermo (1953) 121 Cal.App.2d 616.)
(Emphasis added.)"

Scientology was required to prove its claim

factually before either injunction or damage relief could

be awarded. In these critical requirements Scientology

has abjectly failed.




The trial court held it "lacks jurisdiction" to

limit the practice of law other than on a case by case

basis. The trial judge stated:

"Although the evidence established no breach
by defendants the court further declines to
issue an injunction against Yanny and Wynne
(California Lawyers) because the Supreme
Court of California is the only State Court
which can regulate the general practice of
law and is the only body which can discipline
or disbar attorneys (Jacobs v. State Bar
(1977) 20 Cal.3d 191, Business and
Professions Code 6100). It belabors the
obvious to state that this court cannot
regulate the practice of law in any federal

"No case previously cited by plaintiffs
supports the position that this court can
prospectively limit the ability of two
attorneys in the instant action to practice

Scientology has yet to tender such a case. The

judge's decision is in complete conformity with binding

California authorities. It could not enjoin Yanny and

associates from the practice of law.

In re Complex Asbestos Litigation, supra, 232

Cal.App.3d 572, 600-601, the appeal court set forth the

"jurisdiction limits" on the power to disqualify counsel

stating at pp. 600-601:



"The power to disqualify an attorney, as we
stated above, derives from the court's
inherent power to control the conduct of
persons 'in any manner connected with a
judicial proceeding before it in every
matter pertaining thereto.' (Code Civ.
Proc., § 128, subd. (a)(5); [citation].)
This does not mean that a superior court has
any inherent or statutory power to control
the conduct of persons in judicial
proceedings pending before a different
superior court. One court may not interfere
with the process of another court of equal
jurisdiction in a case properly before the
latter. [Citations.]"

The trial court's negation of any right or

authority to disqualify counsel as to and future

representation was correct law yet the rule has no

application here. No representation of an adverse party

has been shown or threatened.


Scientology next contends the misconduct of Yanny

and his counsel throughout the trial was deliberate and

pervasive and so prejudicial as to compel reversal. When

such a charge is made we examine the contention in the

light of these basic principles. In Dominguez v. Pantalone

(1989) 212 Cal.App.3d 201, 210-211, this court quoted the

here relevant statements of the California Supreme Court in

Tingley v. Times Mirror (1907) 151 Cal. 1, 23:



"As the [California] Supreme Court noted
nearly eighty years ago '[i]t rarely occurs
in any case which is of moment and sharply
contested that counsel on both sides in their
zeal and partisan devotion to their clients
do not indulge in arguments, remarks,
insinuations, or suggestions which find
neither support in, nor are referable or
applicable to the testimony, or warranted by
any fair theory upon which the case is being
presented. If such impropriety of counsel
always afforded ground for a new trial, there
would be little prospects of any litigation
becoming finally determined. It is only when
the conduct of counsel consists of a willful
or persistent effort to place before a jury
clearly incompetent evidence, or the
statement or remarks of counsel are of such a
character as to manifest a design on his part
to awake the resentment of the jury, to
excite their prejudices or passion against
the opposite party, or to enlist their
sympathies in favor of his client or against
the causes of his adversary, and the
instructions of the court to the jury to
disregard such offered evidence or
objectionable remarks of course could not
serve to remove the effect or cure the evil,
that prejudicial error is committed. It is
only extreme cases that the court, when
acting promptly and speaking clearly and
directly on the subject, cannot, by
instructing the jury to disregard such
matters, correct the impropriety of the act
of counsel and remove any effect his conduct
or remarks would otherwise have. (Tingley v.
Times Mirror (1907) 151 Cal. 1, 23.)'"

In Menasco v. Snyder (1984) 157 Cal.App.3d 729,

732 the appellate court said:



"In assessing that prejudice, each case
ultimately must rest upon this court's view
of the overall record, taking into account
such factors, inter alia, as the nature and
seriousness of the remarks and misconduct,
the general atmosphere, including the judge's
control of the trial, the likelihood of
prejudicing the jury, and the efficacy of
objection or admonition under all the
circumstances. (See also Simmons v. Southern
Pac. Transportation Co. (1976) 62 Cal.App.3d
341, 351.)"

Finally, and applicable to the facts here, the

Menasco court stated at page 733:

"A claim of misconduct is entitled to no
consideration on appeal unless the record
shows a timely and proper objection and a
request that the jury be admonished."

Because the effect of misconduct can ordinarily be

removed by an instruction to the jury to disregard it, it

is generally essential in order that an act of misconduct

be subject to review on appeal, that it be called to the 

attention of the trial court at the time to give the court

an opportunity to so act if possible as to correct the 

error and avoid a mistrial. Only misconduct so prejudicial 

that as admonishment would be ineffective excuses the 

failure to request such admonishment. (Whitfield v. Roth,

10 Cal.3d 874, 892.) (Emphasis mine.)



The list of purported misconduct is attached as an

additional "appendix" to Scientology's Opening Brief. In

thirty-seven of those listed instances of purported

misconduct, Scientology made no objection at all.6

Twenty-two of the Scientology objections listed in the

"appendix" were specifically overruled by the trial

court.7 More significantly, twenty-seven of those

instances cited in Scientology's "appendix" took place

during the examination of Yanny, when he was on the stand.

He had been specifically excluded by the trial court from

participating in side bar conferences. Yanny had no way of

knowing the substance of the trial court's decision at

side-bar during his examination and the limits it might

have imposed on his testimony.


6 The following is a partial list: Reporters
Transcript: 362-63, 365, 382-83, 589-90, 1123, 1125,
1202, 1223, 1319-20, 1725-26, 1795-96, 1931, 2008-09,
2105-06, 2107-08, 2246-47, 2257, 2484, 2568-69, 2707,
2856, 2861-62, 2929, 2931-32, 2969-70, 273-74, 2976-77,
2981, 2996-97, 3006-07. These examples were taken from
Scientology's "appendix."

7 The following is a partial list: Reporters
transcript: 436, 438-39, 591, 924-25, 967-68, 989,
1120-21, 1208, 1235-36, 1313-14, 1777-78, 1779-80,
1924-25, 1984-85, 2011-12, 2107, 2149-50, 2154-55,
2199-2201, 2993. These examples were taken from
Scientology's "appendix" of purported misconduct.



When objections were sustained, during the over

one-and-a-half month jury trial, the trial court followed,

when necessary, with an admonition that sought to clarify

that matters being discussed were allegations, rather than



A fair and dispassionate reading of the record

does not support Scientology's charge. This was a hard

fought lawsuit. Scientology at long last concedes the

trial was "hotly contested". In this legal "hardball"

Scientology gave a great many more causes to complain than

did Yanny's counsel. The tone and flavor of Scientology

counsel's conduct (Cooley) appears in the opening

statement and continues into his final argument. In his

opening statement Cooley represented he would prove:

"Approximately 40 to 60 percent of the
$2,300,000 represented fraudulent billing [by

"There are basically two parts to this case,
the betraying of client confidences, the
aiding, counseling and assisting of
adversaries. That's one side. And the
other, the fraudulent billing.

"These three entities come before you not to
present any form of ecclesiastical dispute,
but they come before you as clients of a
lawyer. They come before you presenting to



you a claim that their lawyer to whom they
paid $2,300,000 has betrayed them and gouged
them, and they ask you to focus your

"MR. SAYERS: Your Honor, I'm going to
object to this is argument and I'd ask that
the jury be instructed to disregard these

"THE COURT: I'll ask the jury to disregard

Cooley continued his not to be factually supported


"The evidence will show that he has become
the field general for the main litigation
involving adversaries of the church, these
three entities. . . ."

Counsel's statements of evidence to be offered

should be presented in good faith. Many of Cooley's

statements were totally unsupported by evidence produced at


Scientology witnesses gratuitously volunteered

unsupported statements of Yanny's marital infidelities.

"Q. Do you recall what Mr. Yanny said with
respect to Ms. Aznaran's relationship to that

"A. He said he owed everything to Vicki
Aznaran, and that if it weren't for
Scientology ethics he would like to sleep
with her.



"MR. SAYERS: Objection. Move to strike.
That's irrelevant and highly prejudicial.

"THE COURT: Overruled. Motion to strike

[SCIENTOLOGY ATTORNEY]: This is a further

"MR. DRESCHER: Your Honor, I'd object to
Mr. Yanny's gratuitous remark and ask that it
be stricken.

"THE COURT: Overruled. The jury is asked
to disregard any comment made by the lawyer.

"THE WITNESS: I don't think it's proper to
sleep with a law clerk in your office a month
after you've married your wife and she's
working in the office." (Emphasis mine.)

These gratuitous, irrelevant factually unsupported

statements continued into the final argument [by Cooley]

when he said:

"Good morning. [¶] Mr. Van Sickle's final
argument was based, I think, upon a technique
more appropriate to a propaganda ministry
than to a courtroom. His strategy obviously
was to equate things that, in fact, are
irrelevant to each other, and then to lump
the entire story into a great big generality
which he gave his own theological spin by
repeating to you over and over again.

"So what. So What. Big deal. Word games.

"So what that Yanny ripped plaintiffs off
for thousands upon thousands of dollars.
Nobody's perfect.



"So what that neither of the defendants'
only two witnesses, Yanny and Vicki Aznaran,
could get their story straight, even when
they spent the night together before one of
them testified.

"So what that the fictitious documents that
Yanny claims support his position never even

"So what that Yanny dreamed up a nonexistent
agreement, one-page agreement written by a
dead man which Mr. Van Sickle now wants you
to ignore.

"So what that Yanny claims to have cut the
deal for the $150,000 retainer at a meeting
that never happened in a restaurant Vicki
Aznaran never visited with people who were
never there.

"The so what is that a witness, and
particularly a lawyer, who is supposed to
honor and serve the judicial process, has a
sacred duty not to give false testimony and
not to procure false testimony from that
witness stand, and to treat his clients with
honesty and fairness and not to take
advantage of their trust in him by defrauding

"As part of his effort to reduce Yanny's
enormous wrongdoing to a so what or big deal
status, Mr. Van Sickle characterizes specific
items that have been proven as part of the
overall fraud, which even by his calculations
come to $50,000, that's pocket change, and
nickels and dimes not worthy of your

"Mr. Van Sickle, thus announces a new rule;
the law according to Yanny. It's okay to
steal $50,000 because it's not really a lot
of money to these plaintiffs. I say to you,
it is a lot of money. Furthermore, it's solid



evidence of the overall fraud that Yanny had
in his heart and it defines what Yanny is,
and serves as one of the many building blocks
on which we ask you to base the overall case
of fraud, treachery and deceit.

"According to Mr. Van Sickle, all of the
witnesses against Yanny are blind and cannot
see the elephant. Jacobs is blind, Grabowski
is blind, Todd Serota's blind, Warren
McShane, Paul Schroer, Doreen Hackett, Eva
Raber, Tom Vallier, Marty Rathbun and Dorothy
Peti, all blind. None of them can see the
elephants, according to Mr. Van Sickle. They
feel the tail and think it's a rope and want
to hang Yanny with it.

"I would suggest to you that there are so
many people who have testified here to
fundamentally the same thing that they have
correctly identified not only the tail but
the trunk, tusk, head, ears, body, and that
the elephant has taken shape, and has
trampled Yanny's thick of lies."

Neither the judge nor the jury accepted these

statements as fact as demonstrated by the jury verdict in

favor of Yanny and the court's decision denying injunctive

relief to Scientology.

In many instances, Scientology induced the

commission of the conduct now claimed to be Yanny's

misconduct. In such case Scientology is estopped from

asserting any induced, alleged, misconduct as a ground for

reversal. (9 B.E. Witkin, California Procedure: Appeal §

301 et seq. [3d Ed., 1985, Supp. 1992].) One of the major



issues of purported misconduct cited by Scientology, was

Yanny's reference to the Wollersheim verdict. This verdict

was in evidence, having been introduced by Scientology

itself as Exhibit 61. This is invited error or waiver.

(Gunch v. Fieg (1913) 164 Cal. 429, 333.)

Finally, regardless of whether the trial court

overruled or sustained the objections, over seventy

instances of purported misconduct cited by Scientology are

based on objections where there is no certification of the

grounds for objecting whether as to the form or the

substance of the question. These various examples cited

by Scientology, do not meet the standard to constitute

lawyer misconduct. There is no basis for reversal shown in

this record.


Scientology next contends the trial court's

failure to instruct the jury as to willful suppression of

evidence is reversible error. Two issues are raised. Was

the refusal erroneous, and if error, prejudicial?

Scientology has the burden of proof on both issues. (Null

v. City of Los Angeles (1988) 206 Cal.App.3d 1528, 1532.)

The court in place of the requested instruction gave a

broader alternate instruction as follows:



"If weaker or less satisfactory evidence is
offered by a party when it was within his
power to produce stronger and more
satisfactory evidence, the evidence offered
should be viewed with distrust.

"In determining what inferences to draw from
the evidence, you may consider, among other
things, a party's failure to explain or to
deny such evidence."

A litigant is entitled to instructions on every

theory advanced by him which finds support in the evidence.

(Phillips v. G. L. Truman Excavation Co. (1961) 55 cal.2d

801, 806; Daniels v. City of County of San Francisco (1953) 

40 Cal.2d 614, 623.) But the precise instruction requested

is not required in every instance. The instruction actually

given had not only covered Scientology's theory of willful

suppression but also covered other theories favorable to

Scientology. Scientology's theory was adequately covered by

the instruction given. (See Williams v. Carl Karcher

Enterprises Inc. (1986) 182 Cal.App.3d 479, 487.) If it be

assumed that the broader instruction given was not

sufficient yet no prejudice is shown. The evidence was in

conflict as to what was contained in the non produced

documents. The jury chose to believe Yanny's witnesses.

There was no evidence of Yanny's willful suppression of any





Scientology contends that the jury verdict on the

cross-complaint is not supported by substantial evidence.

Scientology's quarrel is with the substantial evidence rule:

"It is fundamental that the trial court's
[or jury's] factual findings will be reversed
on appeal only when they are not supported by
substantial evidence. (In re Marriage of Mix
(1975) 14 Cal.3d 604, 614; Stevens v. Parke,
Davis & Co (1975) 9 Cal.3d 51, 64.) In
applying the substantial evidence test, the
court views the evidence in the light most
favorable to respondent (Nestle v. City of
Santa Monica (1972) 6 Cal.3d 920), accepting
as true respondent's evidence resolving all
conflicts in respondent's favor, and drawing
such favorable inferences as may be drawn
from the evidence. (Hasson v. Ford Motor Co.
(1977) 19 Cal.3d 530, 544.)"

We may quickly dispose of Scientology's claims

that the evidence was insufficient to support the

judgment. We do not reweigh the evidence on appeal, but

rather determine after resolving all conflicts favorable to

the prevailing party whether there is substantial evidence.

We find here there is substantial believable

evidence of Yanny's contract to perform legal services for

Scientology and there is evidence of his performance of the

contract and Scientology's breach. Scientology refused to

pay for services rendered to Yanny's damages. Yanny was



hired by RTC president Vicki Aznaras. He was retained at a

non-refundable $150,000 retainer. The contract was

admitted. The Scientology's witness McShane admits the

final bill submitted by Yanny was unpaid. The services

rendered by Yanny were complex and extensive in nature. It

was only after Yanny expressed his disagreement with certain

Scientology practices and policies did Scientology question

any bills submitted. There is more than substantial

evidence to support the jury verdict and the trial court's

denial of injunctive relief. Each must be affirmed.



This is a case that warrants the imposition of

sanctions upon Scientology under Code of Civil Procedure

section 907 as well as upon Scientology's attorney William

T. Drescher and Eric M. Lieberman. Respondents Mary Grieco

and Richard Wynne have been sued without cause, put to the

expense of a three month trial and to this lengthy appeal.

On this appeal Scientology does not even mention Mary

Grieco. Richard Wynne is mentioned only once in a footnote

in an unrelated matter.

After 41 days of trial--three months out of the

life of Yanny, Grieco, Wynne and McRae, Scientology



produced an enormous amount of time consuming legal

froth--no substance, no lawful basis, for any relief.

Scientology witnesses swore under penalty of perjury to

"facts" that formed the basis of the issuance of the

temporary restraining order here in the injunction. When

tested in open court these witnesses were found not worthy

of belief. There is a strong suspicion that one of these

witnesses, Dorothy Cole, was a plant, a spy placed by

Scientology in Yanny's employ. The declarations under oath

by Yanny, Grieco and Wynne support the conclusion that a

series of illegal pressures were sought to be placed on

these parties; that an attempt at subordination of perjury

was made. A review of this record as a whole leads to this

conclusion. This appeal court and the trial court below

was used as a means in Scientology's pursuit of the "fair

game," policy of punishing those who leave Scientology

without Scientology's approval. This appears to be a

continuation of the fair games procedure of Scientology to

discredit and to destroy and ruin an adversary by whatever

means available. (See Church of Scientology v. Armstrong

(1991) 232 Cal.App.3d 1060, 1067; Wollershein v. Church of 

Scientology of Calif., supra, 212 Cal.App.3d 872, 888,

891-895; Allard v. Church of Scientology of Calif. (1976)



58 Cal.App.3d 439, 444.)

The prime issue in this trial was credibility.

Scientology witnesses totally failed to establish the

requisite facts necessary to judgments in their favor. The

evidence of the "fair game policy" and its application was


Scientology failed to adequately designate the

record on appeal (Cal. Rules of Court, § 5.1). Scientology

does not give this court the necessary record in order to

determine their contentions of error in the jury verdict.

This neglect prevents this court to reach the merits of the

issues raised.

Neither Scientology nor its lawyers offer any

justification for the prosecution of this appeal against

Mary A. Greco or Richard Wynne. There is no legal or

factual basis to find any error in the judgments in favor

of these individuals.

Scientology at long last concedes (as is apparent

from the face of the record) that the trial was "hotly

contested." The record and the jury verdict and court

decision reflect a rejection of the unsupported slanderous

statements and legal deficiencies of Scientology's

positions taken.



Scientology and counsel have failed to respond to

or refute misleading arguments made on this appeal. (See

fns. 7 and 8, supra.) The same issues and arguments

presented on this appeal were made--unsuccessfully--before

Division Three of this court in case No. B068216 (see fn.

3, supra).

Scientology and counsel have urged on this

appellate court law having no relevancy whatsoever. This

case does not involve a lawyer representation of a client

against a former client after termination of that attorney

client relationship. Further, the law relevant to a

"breach of loyalty" absent facts to show a disclosure of 

confidence has no application whatsoever. Three times

Scientology and its lawyers have pushed these inapposite

legal arguments without success. The high point in

evidence offered was rejected by the trial court as not

worthy of belief. This was an appeal on unproved--rejected

as false--facts. This appeal and its delays and total lack

of merit must be viewed in conjunction with the other

groundless similar lawsuit pursued against Yanny. Such

evidence leads to the conclusion that this proceeding was a

device for destroying Yanny and any lawyers who chose to

work with him. This appeal is the "Fair Game" of

Scientology infamy at work.



This appeal has been delayed unreasonably due to

Scientology's failure to perform requisite acts to perfect

an appeal. There were violations of numerous rules of

court. The notice of appeal was filed April 23, 1991 and

designation of the reporters record made on May 9, 1991.

It was not until September of 1992 that Scientology paid

the estimated costs of completing the reporters

transcript. Failure to do so for over one year caused this

court to make its own motion to dismiss. Numerous other

delaying tactics appear in this record.



Code of Civil Procedure section 907 provides:

"When it appears to the reviewing court that
the appeal was frivolous or taken solely for
delay, it may add to the costs on appeal such
damages as may be just." (See also Rule

An appeal taken for an improper motive represents

a time-consuming and disruptive use of the judicial

process. Similarly, an appeal taken despite the fact that

no reasonable attorney could have thought it meritorious

ties up judicial resources and diverts attention from the

burdensome volume of work at the appellate courts. An



appeal should be held to be frivolous only when, as here,

it is prosecuted for an improper motive--to harass the

respondent or delay the effect of an adverse judgment--or

where it indisputably has no merit--when any reasonable

attorney would agree that the appeal is totally and

completely without merit. (In re Marriage of Flaherty

(1982) 31 Cal.3d 637, 650.)

Pursuant to rule 26(a), this court may impose

upon offending attorneys or parties such penalties "as the

circumstances of the case and the discouragement of like 

conduct in the future may require." (Italics added.)

Preliminarily, I note that because of due process

considerations, "Penalties for prosecuting frivolous

appeals should not be imposed without giving fair warning,

affording the attorney an opportunity to respond to the

charge, and holding a hearing. Further, when imposing

sanctions, the court should provide the attorney with a

written statement of the reasons for the penalty." (In re

Marriage of Flaherty, supra, 31 Cal.3d at p. 654.) These

due process requirements have been more than met here.

It is pointed out in Bank of California v.

Varikin, 216 Cal.App.3d 1630, 1636, respondents are:



". . . [N]ot the only parties damaged when
an appellant pursues a frivolous claim.
Other appellate parties, many of whom wait
years for a resolution of bona fide disputes,
are prejudiced by the useless diversion of
this court's attention. (Martineau,
Frivolous Appeals: The Uncertain Federal
Response (1984) Duke L.J. 845, 848 & fn.
18.) In the same vein, the appellate system
and the taxpayers of this state are damaged
by what amounts to a waste of this court's
time and resources. (See generally Bennett
v. Unger (1969) 272 Cal.App.2d 202, 211; cf.
Cann, Frivolous Lawsuits--The Lawyer's Duty
to Say 'No' (1981) 52 U.Colo. L.Rev. 367,
368-369 [discussing the social cost of
frivolous appeals].) Accordingly, an
appropriate measure of sanctions should also
compensate the government for its expense in
processing, reviewing and deciding a
frivolous appeal. (Bennett v. Unger, supra,
272 Cal.App.2d at p. 211; Eisenberg,
[Sanctions on Appeal: A Survey and a
Proposal for Computation Guidelines (1985)]
20 U.S.F. L.Rev. [13]; Young v. Rosanthal,
212 Cal.App.3d 96, 133.)"

In Young v. Rosenthal, supra, at page 134, the

court held:

"In determining the appropriate relief, the
underlying policy of Code of Civil Procedure
section 907 should control. 'The object of
imposing a penalty for frivolous appeal is
twofold--to discourage the same, as well as
to compensate to some extent for the loss
which results from the delay. . . . [¶] In
determining the amount . . . in this case for
a frivolous appeal we should consider the
facts with relation thereto and the effect of
the delay.' (Huber v. Shedoudy (1919) 180
Cal. 311, 316-317; see also Kim v. Walker
(1989) 208 Cal.3d 375, 384-385.)"



"In this case, such sanctions are most
properly measured by the reasonable
attorneys' fees incurred by CEH in responding
to Rosenthal's appeals."

Review of the record and briefs filed including

specific declarations as to time spent and applicable

hourly rates, I conclude the amount of attorneys fees

reasonably incurred in defense of this appeal by Yanny,

Greco and Wynne, is the sum of $63,387.50 plus costs

involved of $14,441.60 or a total of $77,829.10.



The handling of this case has imposed a lengthy and

arduous burden upon the court. Numerous briefs, procedural

motions precedes the oral argument in this case. I place

the fault for imposing this burden on the legal system upon

Scientology and counsel. This was a time-consuming, costly

and frivolous appeal. The taxpayers of the state have been

harmed by a wasteful diversion of their appellate court

limited resources. The appropriate measure of sanctions

should compensate the State of California for its

processing, reviewing and deciding this frivolous appeal.

This court is aware of the normal average cost of handling



an appeal in this Second District of the Court of Appeal

(see Young v. Rosenthal, supra, 212 Cal.App.3d at pp.

136-137), but I am also painfully aware that that is

not an average case.

I conclude the cost incurred by the State of

California due to this frivolous appeal is the sum of

$25,000. Appellant Religious Technology Center, a

California non-profit religious corporation; Church of

Scientology International, a California non-profit religious

corporation; and Church of Scientology of California, A

California non-profit religious corporation and their

attorneys William T. Drescher and Eric M. Lieberman are

jointly and severally liable to Joseph A. Yanny and Mary A.

Greco and Richard Wynne for the total sum of $77,829.10.

Appellants and named attorneys should be directed

to pay the further sum, as a joint and several obligation,

of $25,000 to the clerk of the court as a further sanction.

The judgment is affirmed in all respects. Costs on

appeal are awarded to respondents.




*Assigned by the Chairperson of the Judicial Council.



LILLIE, P.J. and JOHNSON, J., Concurring and Dissenting:

We concur in Parts I - IX of our colleague's

opinion but depart from him on the issue of appellate

sanctions (Parts X - XII). We do not find the issues on

appeal to be so devoid of merit as to qualify as

frivolous under the standard enunciated in In re Marriage 

of Flaherty (1982) 31 Cal.3d 637, 650. Nor do we find

sufficient evidence independent of the relative merit of

the issues raised on appeal to conclude the appeal was

"taken solely for delay." (Code Civ. Proc., § 907.)

Accordingly, we are unwilling to impose monetary

sanctions on appeal either in favor of the court or of


As a result of our decision on this issue, the

disposition of this case does not include any direction

to appellants or their attorneys to pay respondents the

monetary sanctions on appeal discussed in our colleague's

opinion or to pay monetary sanctions to the State of

California. However, we do deem it appropriate to

require appellants to pay respondents' costs on appeal.

Thus, the disposition of this appeal is as set forth in

the paragraph below.




The judgment is affirmed. Costs on appeal are

awarded to respondents.



I concur:


Honesty cures scientology.

Scientology Faces New Charges Of Harassment Reprinted 06 July 1989 - St. Petersburg Times
Bainbridge on Bugging Auditing Rooms
Declaration of Joseph Yanny
Testimony of L Ron Hubbard's son:

"I'm the one who originated the bugging of auditing rooms in the Hubbard Guidance Center in Washington, D.C. so we could pick up on what was going on in an auditing session. And what I told everybody at the-time was that most of the people that worked in the Hubbard Guidance Center -- the Hubbard Guidance Center was the auditing department. It was the -- where people got their auditing."

"There was of course no way of knowing whether
you were being watched at any given moment."
- George Orwell, 1984 (b. 1903)

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