Title: Att: PublicRelations@scientology.org - IMPORTANT KR
Author: Ishmael <ishmael569@yahoo.com>
Date: 3 Sep 1998 15:55:53 -0700

Dear PR,

Since a good ARSer always keeps his promise I have included some information
resources for you.

First lets look at the controversey over Lt. Hubbard's Navy records.  Wouldn't
it be nice if there was confirmation from the Lt. his own self as re his medical
condition at the end of WW II?  Guess what, there is!

I doubt that your your censorware will let you access this site so you'll have
to ask an OSA terminal to verify this URL:
http://www.xenu.net/archive/FBI/fbi-88.html

This is from the Look Magazine article of 12/5/1950, entitled, "Dianetics,
Science or Hoax?"

I'm a really nice guy so I'll quote you a relevant paragraph:

--Begin Quote--
As a Naval Reserve lieutenant, Hubbard served on escort vessels until he was
sent to the Oak Knoll Naval Hospital near Oakland, Calif., where he stayed for
the better part of a year, suffering, he now recalls, from "ulcers,
conjuctivitis, deteriorating eyesight, bursitis and something wrong with my
feet."
--End Quote--

Gee, I thought he was crippled and blinded from war wounds when he was admitted
after being abandoned by his family.  From this quote one might wonder if
perhaps he was a malingerer just loafing on the taxpayers tab.

But wait, there's more.

Of course there's the "fact" that Dianetics has been scientifically proven to be
safe and effective.  Let's look at some research shall we? Have your OSA pals
click-up this URL: http://www.xs4all.nl/~kspaink/cos/comments/engrams.htm
Uh-oh, I think you got some 'splainin' to do!  It just occurred to me that the
OSA boys and girls are very busy lately with impending federal indictments so
I'll give you the full text of this little gem courtesy of Karen Spaink's Web
site:

--Begin Gem--

An Experimental Investigation of Hubbard's Engram Hypothesis (Dianetics)

Jack Fox, Alvin E. Davis, and B Lebovits

From Psychological Newsletter, 1959, 10 131-134



     The Problem

The purpose of the experiment was to provide an experimental test of Hubbard's
engram hypothesis. Dianetics uses concepts and constructs which, for
the most part, are gross over-simplifications of concepts and constructs culled
from general semantics, cybernetics, dynamic psychologies, and
academic psychology. The one construct that is new and seems crucial is the
construct of the engram. This must not be confused with Koffka's or
Semon's use of the term. Koffka (1935) understands by it a memory trace of a
perceptual event, while Semon (1920) understands by it a relatively
permanent change in the excitatory substance as a consequence of, and congruent
with, an excitatory process. Hubbard means by it an automatic
recording of events during states of unconsciousness of varying degrees.
Koffka's engram, in Hubbard's scheme of things, is but a bit of information
filed in the standard memory bank. While there are many superficial similarities
between the concept of Hubbard and the concept of Semon, as for
example in the congruence between excitation and engram, engram-chains (Hubbard,
1950) and homophony (Semon, 1920), there are vast differences
in generality and the anlytical considerations of the engram properties and
their consequences.

The difference between the concept of traditional psychology and those of
Hubbard may be schematized as follows:


                         Traditional psychology
      Unconsiousness 
                                               Focal consciousness
                   increasing clarity of awareness 
                   ---------------------------------->
                   increasing clarity of memory image




                           Dianetics
      increasing involvements of attention units
      ------------------------------------------------>
                                             Analytic Mind
      increasing function of standard memory bank


                     increasing involvements of automatic recording
      Reactive Mind 
                  <-------------------------------------------------
                      increasing pervasiveness of engram formation




Thus, in traditional psychology retention is a direct function of the degree of
awareness, while in dianetics it is independent of awareness. What varies
with the degree of awareness is not retention, but the mechanism by which
retention is accomplished. The difference is the crux of the matter, lending
itself well to experimental investigation. From these theoretical approaches two
diametrically opposed hypotheses follow, only one of which can be
verified. If an individual should be placed, by one means or another, into an
unconscious state, then, according to traditional psychology, no retention of
the events occurring about him should take place and consequently, no reports of
such events can be elicited from the individual, no matter what
methods of elicitation are employed (hypothesis I). According to dianetics,
retention should take place with high fidelity and, therefore, an account of
the events can be elicited by means of dianetics auditing (hypothesis II).
Hubbard claims that he has recovered from surgical patients long
conversations between doctors and nurses which took place while the patients
were in deep anesthesia; this is in concordance with hypothesis II. The
     following procedure was evolved to test the above hypotheses. 

     Procedure

In the performance of this experiment the cooperation of the Dianetic Research
Foundation, Los Angeles, California, was secured. This organization
furnished the subject, an approximately 30 year old, male employee of the
organization, and a number of certified auditors.

The subject reclined on a bed. Dr. A. Davis, M.D., administered intravenously
0.75 gram of sodium pentothal in the presence of the senior author and
a representative of the Dianetic Research Foundation. When, after a number of
appropriate tests, Dr. Davis indicated that the subject was unconscious,
all those present left the room. Mr Lebovits then entered the room and read to
the subject a 35-word passage from a physics text. Following a
suggestion from a representative of the Dianetic Research Foundation, the
passage was "anchored" by some pain. Mr. Lebovits produced pain during
the reading of the last 18 words of the passage by exerting pressure upon the
tissue between the subject's fingers. After reading the passage he left the
room. The subject was left resting for over an hour, after which he was
awakened.

The proceeding was recorded on a wire-recorder set up by the experimenters and
on a tape-recorder set up by the representative of the Dianetic
Research Foundation. These wire and tape recordings were placed in the custody
of a co-worker of the experimenters. It was agreed that the tape
would be returned to the representatives of the Dianetic Research Foundation
when the passage will have been recovered from the subject.

In the selection of the subject and the passage, the following considerations
were paramount. It was thought that, in order to increase the validity of the
experiment, it must be conducted within the frame of reference of dianetics.

Thus, in order to avoid as much as possible conditions which might unnecessarily
lengthen the auditing process by facilitiating the operation of what
Hubbard calls "wild" variables, the connection of the event with the previous
engram chains, we looked for a subject who had "sonic" and whose
reactive bank was well on the way toward "clearance". The subject furnished by
the Dianetic Foundation had "sonic", according to the Foundation's
     representatives, and was currently undergoing dianetic processing. 

["Sonic" may be defined as vivid auditory imagery representing verbatim
reproductions of past conversations which occurred during states of pain
and/or unconsciousness and were recorded in engrams. "Clearance" is the end
state; the reactive bank is empty, and the individual reacts in a purely
     natural fashion.] 

The passage selected met the following criteria. It was free of all personal
references, such as proper nouns, personal pronouns, and other parts of
     speech which might be construed in a personal way. 

Two days after the implantation of the engram, the subject and the two auditors
returned to the University. The subject was audited in the presence of
two of the experimenters. During two hours of auditing nothing relevant was
produced. It was then proposed by the dianetic auditors that the recovery
might take a little time and that further auditing be done at the Foundation. It
was further agreed that a report would be forwarded to the experimenters
as soon as the engram was contacted, and that the subject and auditors would
return to the University to record the "running" of the engram so that it
     may be compared with the wire which was made during the implantation. 

     Results

Approximately one and one-half months later the first report was received,
covering 31 hours of auditing. Since the report is too long, only the summary
     covering the last few sessions will be quoted. 

"The sessions following have been run in very much the same way. Additional
phrases that have turned up are as follows:

          'You can remember this.'
          'To supplement the equation we need three additional factors.'
          'Number one is the result of prime plus three.'
          'Number two is that result put into prime again.'
          'Number three is the combination of the other two.'
'Therefore where the equation is supplemented by additional factors, three
components need to be considered.'
'Number one is the result of the prime plus three added to the original
equation.'
          'Number three is the combination of factors one and two.'
'Then to supplement the equation three additional factors must be considered.'
          'Number one is the result of the prime plus three'.
          'Number two is the............of the prime.'
'Then when the equation is supplemented by additional factors three factors need
to be considered.'
          'Number two is the..........'
          'I don't care what you say to me.'
'I won't do it. Not for you or anybody else.' (Latched on to earlier engram
which was run to reduction.)

It is not possible at this time to confirm any of the phrases which have been so
far contacted to be the control phrases.

The sense of reality of the pre-clear is weak in that he experiences full sonic
in the prenatal bank but has no sonic in the control engram."

To the above might be added that the subject as well as the auditors had ample
opportunity observe that Mr Lebovits carried a physics text under his
     arm. 

Comparison with the selected passage shows that none of the above-quoted
phrases, nor any other phrases quoted in the report, bear any relationship
     at all to the selected passage. 

Since the reception of the first interim report, in November 1950, the
experimenter tried frequently and repeatedly to obtain further reports, but so
far
     without success. 

     Discussion

Such results as these are contrary to hypothesis II, but they tend to confirm
hypothesis I.

Although the negative results do not preclude success at another time and
although the N in this case is only one, it is the opinion of the investigators
that
the negative results of the experiment are fairly conclusive since the
experimental conditions were well controlled. Moreover, the nature of the
experiment is not one that lends itself to the use of many subjects, as it
involves careful selection of the subjects, medical administration of the
     anaesthetics, and medical supervision of the anaesthetized subject. 

     Summary

This paper formulates two hypotheses concerning the retention of events
occurring during states of unconsciousness. It describes an experiment in
which a passage selected from a physics text was read to a subject placed in an
unconscious state by administration of sodium pentothal. During a
period of almost six months, dianetic auditors were unable to recover the
passage. Thus, the engram hypothesis was not substantiated by this
     experiment. 


     References 

     Anon.
     - The Dianetics Auditor's Bulletin. 1950, 1. 
     Hubbard, L.R. 
- Dianetics: The modern science of mental health. N.Y.: Hermitage House, 1950.
     Koffka, K. 
     - Principles of gestalt psychology. N.Y.: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1935.
     Semon, R. 
     - Die Mnome. Leipzig: Engelmann, 1920. 


     Accepted for publication November 15, 1958. 
--End Gem--

Now whaddya think?  Something fishy goin' on?  But wait, there's more.

From http://wpxx02.toxi.uni-wuerzburg.de/~krasel/CoS/dianetics_test2.html we get
this:

--Begin Extract--
Dianetic therapy: an experimental evaluation

This is the abstract of the Ph.D. thesis of Harvey Jay Fisher, "Dianetic
Therapy: an Experimental Evaluation." Ph.D. dissertation, School of Education,
New York University, 1953. 52 pages.

Sponsoring Committee: Professor John G. Rockwell, Professor Edward L. Kemp, and
Associate Professor Milton Schwebel.

An Abstract of DIANETIC THERAPY: AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION

A Statistical Analysis of the Effect of Dianetic Therapy as Measured by Group
Tests of Intelligence, Mathematics and Personality

Harvey Jay Fischer

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of
Philosophy in the School of Education of New York University

1953

An experiment was devised to afford an objective and definitive test of the
claims for dianetic therapy. Provision was made for obtaining adequate
information without anticipating the direction of the effects of dianetic
therapy. Dianetic proponents specifically claim effectiveness in only three
areas: intellectual functioning, mathematical ability, and personality
conflicts. These areas were measured by tests selected because they were
standardized instruments shown to be both reliable
and valid. For mathematical ability and intellectual functioning, multiple tests
were used in an effort to provide a representative score. Three equated groups
of subjects, totalling 36 persons, were selected. The three groups were exposed
to different amounts of dianetic therapy during an interval of 60 days, the
first having no hours, the second 18 hours, and the third 36 hours. Eighteen
hours of dianetic therapy are claimed to afford a significant change in the
subjects in the three areas.

The design utilized the controls of educational status and age with the
influence of sex partialled out. The tests were administered to all subjects
both before and after the therapeutic interval. For the second testing session,
alternate forms of the tests were used. Difference scores were calculated for
each subject in each of the areas measured and these were subjected to
statistical analysis. The method of multiple factor analysis and variance was
used.

For the population of disturbed persons who applied for dianetic therapy, and
who were between the ages of 22 and 47 years, and who had at least some high
school education, regardless of the sex of these persons, it was concluded that:

1.dianetic therapy does not exert a systematic influence either favorably or
adversely upon intellectual functioning;
2.dianetic therapy does not exert a systematic influence either favorably or
adversely upon mathematical ability; and
3.dianetic therapy does not exert a systematic influence either favorably or
adversely upon the degree of personality conflicts.
--End Extract--

Ain't the Internet great?!  It's letting you get more hatted as a PR since you
now know better how futile your efforts are and how much harder you'll have to
work to merely lose more ground.  Oh well, rice and beans are a complete protien
so you won't get as malnourished as Lisa McPherson was when she DIED AT FLAG!

ARC/KRC,

Ishmael

...there is no folly of the beast of the earth which is not infinitely outdone
by the madness of men.--Herman Melville


best of ars goto persecution page
best of ars2 goto lies page
best of ars3 for ex scientologists