L. Ron Hubbard
The Myth

The biggest official holiday in Scientology is not Christmas, Easter, Hanukkah, Ramadan, Winter or Summer Solstice, but the birthday of founder L. Ron Hubbard.

Hubbard barely acknowledged his parents' part in the miracle of birth, although he did give his father credit at least once for telling him to go to college. Hubbard preferred instead to give other, more famous people credit for the great feat of putting him on this planet and giving him the proper stimuli he needed to create the most well-known 20th century American cult/religion.

The famous people Hubbard credited explicitly were: Anaxagoras, Thomas Paine, Aristotle, Thomas Jefferson, Socrates, Rene Descartes, Plato, James Clerk Maxwell, Euclid, Charcot, Lucretius, Herbert Spencer, Roger Bacon, William James, Isaac Newton, Francis Bacon, van Leeuwenhoek, Sigmund Freud, Voltaire, William A. White, Cmdr Thompson (MC) USN, Will Durant, and Count Alfred Korzybski. ("Science of Survival", 1975) This list, which includes men of Greek, Roman, American, French, English, Dutch, Austrian and Polish origin, seems to be motivated more by ethnic origin than it does actual causal connection to Hubbard's theory. Notably lacking from this mix though, are Germans and Russians. This more likely was an appeal to nationalism than it was an accident, as Hubbard did at one point tell his salespeople to promote Scientology as "the only Anglo-Saxon-developed science of the mind and spirit."

In addition to the above-named men Hubbard was said to have "credited the following persons as source material": Jesus of Nazareth, Buddha, Mohammed, Confucius, Lao Tze, The Vedic Hymns, and the lone non-religious addition, Michael Faraday ("Scientology 8-8008," 1974).

References or lack thereof to the above-named men are contained in following sections. These sections show that, despite officially giving "credit" to the above world famous personalities, Hubbard never really mentioned any of them in anything other than the most superficial terms. While a working connection to psychoanalyst Freud and semantics expert Korzybski can be seen in Hubbard's work, for the most part Hubbard's references could only be taken as name-dropping, which often included belittling the work of the men being referred to.

Hubbard, after all, was not a historian, but a professional writer. Therefore his motive was very likely more journalistic than it was historically accurate. His journalistic endeavors include both keeping his distance from his parents, and forging links, no matter how precarious, in the reader's mind between his own name and names of world distinction. To all appearances Hubbard sought to have his audience identify with him by living his much-embellished account of his own life vicariously. To intensify this effect he rewrote, as a myth, his own entry into existence as a person, a writer and as an artist.

23 men Hubbard gave credit to

These are representative samples from Hubbard's texts that have any connection whatsoever to the 23 people he credited in "Science of Survival" (1975) as outside sources. For the most part the texts contain nothing more than a passing mention of the people with whom Hubbard wished to have his writings associated.

Anaxagoras (500 - 428) - Greek philosopher

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of Anaxagoras as a source of anything but credit connection.

Thomas Paine (1737-1809) - British-born American writer and Revolutionary leader.

Hubbard not only give Paine public credit for being a famous writer during the formative years of the United States, but even said that Paine's works contained "Theta" (good mojo). On the other hand, Hubbard said the same thing of Karl Marx.

"Jefferson, coding the material of Paine and others, dreamed a goal which became our United States. An inventor dreams of a new toy, and management, on the goal of spreading that toy and making money, manages."

"(Example: read the works of Paine and the works of Jefferson in their original form and read also the letters and personal opinions of these men: you will find more Theta in those writings which has been overlooked than the whole U.S. government is using from those same goal finders. Read Marx and Lenin and look at the tremendous quantity of Theta untapped in those works.)"

Both quotes from The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 2, No. 2, August, 1951,
"An Essay on Management" by L. Ron Hubbard

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) - a Greek philosopher

Hubbard blamed Aristotle's teachings for the lack of progress in Europe during the Dark Ages, but said Aristotle's teachings were an improvement over following "the will of the gods." Hubbard said his own teachings were an improvement over Aristotle's in that Hubbard preached an infinitely gradiated scale of measure, whereas Aristotle allegedly dealt only with the "true" and "false" of logic. To emphasize his own alleged superiority over Aristotle, Hubbard exaggerated "true" and "false" into absolutes, complete with capital letters -- "ABSOLUTE RIGHT" and "ABSOLUTE WRONG."

"So long as Aristotle remained the Authority for All, the Dark Ages reigned."

"In dianetics we have had much to do with "spectrums." The spectrum of gradations is a much better mechanism for philosophy than Aristotle's pendulum which swung from one extreme to the other."

"All this is interjected so that dianetics, unlike Aristotelian logic and natural history, will be recognized as an advancing, changing science."

"Aristotle's pendulum and his two-valued logic were abandoned not because of any dislike of Aristotle but because broader yardsticks were needed."

above quotes from
"Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Old Aristotle reputedly held out for two-valued logic -- at least that is the way he is interpreted. However, the world received quite an advance when Aristotle resolved and formulated some of the problems of logic. Before Aristotle there was one-valued logic, the will of the gods. Man acted because he was forced to act. Aristotle, a wild-eyed radical, came along and insisted Man had a right to be right or wrong according to the dictates of circumstance. Man had a choice. If Aristotle went off into that mathematician's land of Never-Never, the syllogism which, in abstracts, seeks to evaluate concrete entities and proves only what it assumes, he still advanced ideas about thinking. Lately Man has considered logic to have three values -- right, maybe, and wrong. None of these systems of logic begin to encompass what the fabulous computational ability of the mind encompasses minute by minute. Logic could best be explained in terms of an infinity of values. From the theoretical but unobtainable ABSOLUTE WRONG, solutions can be graded through a theoretical midpoint of neither right nor wrong to a theoretical but unobtainable ABSOLUTE RIGHT."

"Dianometry, Your Ability and State of Mind" by L. Ron Hubbard
"Astounding Science Fiction magazine, January 1951

"Aristotle (Greek philosopher 384 - 322 B.C.) also got involved with Ethics. He explained unethical behavior by saying that Man's rationality became overruled by his desire."

HCO Bulletin of 12 July 1980R (revised 5 November 1982,
also issued as HCO PL, same date and title),
"The Basics of Ethics" by L. Ron Hubbard

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) - third President of the United States

Hubbard credited Jefferson with having "dreamt a goal" that became the United States, which Hubbard and his readers of the time presumably lived in. Like Hubbard blamed Aristotle for prolonging the Dark Ages, Hubbard also blamed Jefferson for the alleged failure of democracy. Perceived failings of democracy also happens to be one of Hubbard's favorite justifications for totalitarian rule.

"Jefferson, coding the material of Paine and others, dreamed a goal which became our United States. An inventor dreams of a new toy, and management, on the goal of spreading that toy and making money, manages."

"Democracy probably failed when Jefferson took office as president, not because Jefferson was a bad president but because Jefferson, engrossed with management, ceased his appointed task of polishing up the goals."

The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 2, No. 2, August, 1951,
"An Essay on Management" by L. Ron Hubbard

Socrates (470?-399 B.C.) - Greek philosopher

Hubbard credited Socrates with having a "demon" that said when he was right, then claimed to have found the source of Socrates' demon.

Hubbard blamed Socrates' teachings for making it impossible for Scientologists to train people in Scientology.

Hubbard blamed Socrates for not defining "courage and justice, law and government", thus supposedly leaving the path clear for Hubbard, as he proudly proclaimed, to step up to this great task himself. Not only did Hubbard claim to have completely satisfactorily defined these abstract terms, but further stated they were based on "natural laws."

Despite his constant fault-finding with Socrates, when Hubbard's own teachings were put on trial in Australia in 1965, Hubbard was quick to associate himself with Socrates as a writer and practicer of his own respective philosophy.

"This [the "reactive" mind] is the mind which made Socrates think he had a "demon" that gave him answers."

"Socrates had a demon, you'll remember. It told him not what to do but whether or not he had made the right decision."

"Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"THEORY

There is a philosophic background as to why getting off false data on a subject works and why trying to teach a correct datum over a false datum on the subject does not work. It is based on the Socratic thesis-antithesis- synthesis philosophical equation.

Socrates: 470 B.C. - 399 B.C. A great Greek philosopher.

A thesis is a statement or assertion.

Antithesis: opposing statement or assertion.

The Socratic equation is mainly used in debate where one debater asserts one thing and the other debater asserts the opposite. It was the contention of Socrates and others that when two forces came into collision a new idea was born. This was the use of the equation in logic and debate. However, had they looked further they would have seen that other effects were brought into play. It has very disastrous effects when it appears in the field of training.

Where the person has acquired a false thesis (or datum), the true datum you are trying to teach him becomes an antithesis. The true datum comes smack up against the false datum he is hanging on to, as it is counter to it.

In other words, these two things collide, and neither one will then make sense to him. At this point he can try to make sense out of the collision and form what is called a synthesis, or his wits simply don't function. (Synthesis: a unified whole in which opposites, thesis and antithesis, are reconciled.)

So you wind up with the person either:

(a) attempting to use a false, unworkable synthesis he has formed, or

(b) his thinkingness locks up on the subject.

In either case you get an impossible-to-train, impossible-to-hat scene."

HCO Bulletin of 7 August 1979
(Also issued as HCO PL 7 Aug 79),
Product Debug Series 8, Esto Series 36,
"False Data Stripping" by L. Ron Hubbard

"Socrates (Greek philosopher and teacher 470? - 399 B.C.) tackled the subject. He demonstrated that all those who were claiming to show people how to live were unable to defend their views or even define the terms they were using. He argued that we must know what courage, and justice, law and government are before we can be brave or good citizens or just or good rulers. This was fine but he then refused to provide definitions. He said that all sin was ignorance but did not take the necessary actions to rid Man of his ignorance."

"So you see it is no small breakthrough that has been made in this subject in the last 80 years or so. We have defined the terms, which Socrates omitted to do, and we have a workable technology that anyone can use to help get himself out of the mud. The natural laws behind this subject have been found and made available for all to use."

HCO Bulletin of 12 July 1980R (revised 5 November 1982,
also issued as HCO PL, same date and title),
"The Basics of Ethics" by L. Ron Hubbard

"Fifteen years ago my writings were ridiculed by the various vested interests. But as time has gone on these interests have felt more challenged and have now issued what amounts to a self condemnation. Socrates said, "Philosophy is the greatest of the Arts and it ought to be practiced". I intend to keep on writing it and practicing it and helping others as I can."

HCO Executive Letter of 6 October 1965, "The Melbourne Inquiry into Scientology" by L. Ron Hubbard

Plato (427? - 347?) - Greek philosopher

Hubbard credited Plato for being an authority figure, and said that Christianity was based on Plato's authority. Hubbard also held Plato's writings up as a evidence of man's alleged belief that man is a beast.

"In absence of trying to find a supreme being for this universe, why we've been driven to the incredible length of having to discover that uh.. uh.. probably the mostest god you'll ever know is you in this universe and uh.. for lack of a.. lack of a nice big fellow who anthromorphically sits on a throne and uh.. has a greed for adulation which would be found disgusting in any mortal (I'm quoting the Greeks now. The sources of Christianity, Plato, the great pagan, he's their sole reason for authority). Anyway, didn't you know that, that Christianity is based upon the writings of Plato, and the Catholic Church at all times when challenged about its doctrines has uniformly referred to the authority called Plato? You understand I'm not.. not in any way, sense or form against the Church. I think the Church is a good organization. But we got a better one now."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course,
December 4 lecture by L. Ron Hubbard

"It is no wonder that Plato wrote as he did in an essay about the conduct and behavior of man. It is no wonder that states are completely convinced that man is a beast and must be held in check at pistol point."

"The Journal of Scientology" (circa mid-June 1953),
"This is Scientology, The Science of Certainty"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Descartes (1596 - 1650) - French mathematician

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of Descartes as a source of anything but credit connection.

James Clerk Maxwell (1831 - 1879) - British physicist

Hubbard used Maxwell in an analogy to support his own contention that he was "on solid ground." Hubbard proclaimed that by creating "certain equations" about "life force" and using those equations he was doing the same thing for "life force" that Maxwell had done for electricity.

"Function precedes structure. James Clerk Maxwell's mathematics were postulated and electricity was widely and beneficially used long before anyone had any real idea about the structure of the atom. Function always comes before structure."

"We are using here a force which is still as mysterious to us as electricity was to James Clerk Maxwell."

"Now we are up, in dianetics, to the James Clerk Maxwell stage, or very nearly. We know that certain equations can be made about life force and we can use those equations. And we can theorize that "life force" and what has been called a certain kind of "emotion" are either similar or the same thing. We may have the wrong theory, but so might James Clerk Maxwell. Indeed, Maxwell's theories may still be wrong: at least we have electric lights. In dianetics we are pretty certain that the majority of tenets are parallels of natural law: these are the big computations. We are not certain that we have emotion properly bracketed, but then we shall not be sure until we have actually taken a dead man and pumped him up with life force again. Short of this extreme, we are on solid ground with emotion as life force."

"Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Euclid - Greek mathematician, 3rd century B.C.

Hubbard used Euclid in an analogy to support his own contention that "Scientology is a precision subject."

"Scientology is a precision subject. It has axioms. Like geometry. Two equilateral triangles aren't similar because Euclid said so. They're similar because they are. If you don't believe it, look at them."

HCO Bulletin of 5 February 1966,
"Letting the PC ITSA"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Charcot

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of Charcot as a source of anything but credit connection.

Lucretius (?96 - ?55 B.C.) - Roman philosopher

Hubbard asserted that since Lucretius was a philosopher, and Hubbard had cited him in "Dianetics," "Dianetics" was therefore in part based on "the work of the early Greeks and Romans including Lucretius." (This is the form of a syllogism, formalized by Socrates. See above section on Socrates re making it impossible for Scientologists to train in Scientology.) Hubbard also used the name of "Lucretius" for people to understand that a person's name can be used as a label, and also to live vicariously as someone else.

Hubbard asserted that Lucretius said an atom was sentient, and added, probably facetiously, that he not know the name of the driver of the spaceship Lucretius rode to Earth on. Hubbard also mentioned Lucretius in conjunction with Pope Pius as false symbols of truth on earth. He did this in an attempt to explain that he, Hubbard, was not the one who had founded and was leading a "cult."

"The balance and nature of things do not permit the infinity of the goal of immortality to be reached. In fluctuating balance and in almost unlimited complexity, life and energies ebb and flood, out of the nebulous, into forms and, through decay, into the nebulous once more.* [...]
* The Veda; also Lucretius' Nature of Things."

"HISTORY OF DIANETICS

... Observations of savage and civilized races in this and far climes formed the foundation for the anthropological research: the writings of a few men in the last four thousand years formed the scholarly pilots. The ancient Hindu writings, the work of the early Greeks and Romans including Lucretius, the labors of Francis Bacon, the researches of Darwin and some of the thoughts of Herbert Spencer compose the bulk of the philosophic background."

"Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Identities have two uses: one of them is to group and label something and another one is to do a vicarious survival for somebody. The.. the first one is working; the second one, of course, is just idiotic. I mean, a man's name; that.. that's very a.. very amusing, when you come to think about it, this name.

You look back, past the past and you see this.. you're very impressed; you read the word Lucretius. Well, he's probably named Johnny Jones today and uh.. or he's maybe a very smart guy down at Bell Labs, or something like that. He's going along the line. And uh.. yet, the only reason you're really using the word Lucretius is not for any other reason than it's an identification of a piece of work which keeps it identified as that piece of work; and as long as it is so identified it cannot be corrupted or confused with the work of uh.. I don't know, Pope Pius, or something. You see? So it's a differentiative mechanism; it's a label."

"Now, is an atom sentient? Is the atom a building preclear? Is it something which will graduate up to the rank of a preclear? Just as a preclear will eventually graduate up to the rank of a galaxy? Is that a gradient scale - goes on? Lucretius said so. I don't know how much he knew, I don't know which navigator he was on what spaceship before he arrived here."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course,
December 10 lecture by L. Ron Hubbard

"We got a whole big universe here. And somebody's gonna say, "Now look, these thetans..." They.. they could start a cult on this, so I'm gonna spike this cult right now. If you guys remember it, it's spiked. But uh.. they say they have these thetans and they wandered into this universe and so on and that was the theory there used to be. Actually.. actually what it was is: "You were once an atom and you're graduating up the tone scale. You are graduating up scale and uh.. you are actually developing and you're getting bigger and bigger and the fact that the presence of the ridges demonstrate adequately that uh.. uh.. one is really just a large atom with electronic rings. This.. this is backed up by Lucretius, and also uh.. Pope Pius or somebody, and with a Papal Bull, which of course is different than philosophy because a papal bull's true." Uh.. the uh.. MEST universe definition of truth. It's true."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course,
December 18 lecture by L. Ron Hubbard

Herbert Spencer (1820 - 1903) - British philosopher

Hubbard asserted that since he had borrowed the concepts of the "Knowable and Unknowable of Herbert Spencer" for "Dianetics," "Dianetics" was therefore in part based on "the thoughts of Herbert Spencer." (This is the form of a syllogism, formalized by Socrates. See above section on Socrates re making it impossible for Scientologists to train in Scientology.) Even while allegedly crediting Spencer for these concepts, Hubbard distanced Spencer as a source by referring to Spencer's work as "absolutist" and "stagnant." Hubbard also compared his own work to that of Spencer as evidence that Scientology was relatively workable.

"Dianetics could be evolved only by the philosophic compartmentation of the problem into its elements and the invention of several dozen yardsticks such as The Introduction of an Arbitrary, The Law of Affinity, The Dynamic, The Equation of the Optimum Solution, The Laws of the Selection of Importances, The Science of Organizing Sciences, Nullification by Comparison of Authority to Authority and so forth and so forth. All this is fine matter for a tome on philosophy, but here is dianetics, which is a science. It should be mentioned, however, that one of the first steps taken was not invented but borrowed and modified: that was the Knowable and Unknowable of Herbert Spencer."

"Observations of savage and civilized races in this and far climes formed the foundation for the anthropological research: the writings of a few men in the last four thousand years formed the scholarly pilots. The ancient Hindu writings, the work of the early Greeks and Romans including Lucretius, the labors of Francis Bacon, the researches of Darwin and some of the thoughts of Herbert Spencer compose the bulk of the philosophic background. Absolutism is a fine road to stagnation and I do not think Spencer meant to be so entirely absolute about his Knowable and Unknowable."

"Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"If you have any doubts about our starting condition, ... read Darwin, read the horrible confusions of Locke, Hume, Spencer, James. If you care to so research you will find that they were a trifle mixed up. Reading them now, knowing as you do Dianetics and Scientology, you can make some small sense from them in some places. BUT if you delete your understanding of Dianetics and Scientology and THEN study them you'll come up -- or, rather, go down -- staggering. The test was this: By their tenets could these people make anyone smarter, more sociable, better able? No."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 80
"Scientology's Most Workable Process"
by L. Ron Hubbard, April 17, 1956

Francis Bacon (1561 - 1626) - English philosopher, inductive method

Hubbard used Bacon as an example of how old-fashioned science was before Hubbard came along with Scientology.

"We have whole sciences which are cataloguing sciences. If Francis Bacon hadn't wanted to give an example of what science was, we would probably never, even today, have had a science of botany. But Bacon used once, as an illustration of what a science would be, a science of botany. He used the classification of flowers as his illustration and instantly it became a science and from there on it is catalogued. For a fellow to be willing to study botany he has to be willing to tolerate a tremendous lack of motion, from most of our viewpoints. ... To most of us this would be unthinkably arduous. So you can see that we have an intolerance for that little randomity. The bottom line of this gradient scale would appear to be one-stable-datum-per-particle."

1956, circa mid-October Ability, Issue 36
"Randomity and Automaticity"
by L. Ron Hubbard Prepared from a lecture to the 4th London ACC,
2 November 1955, entitled "Randomity and Automaticities."

Roger Bacon (1214 - 1292) English philosopher

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of Roger Bacon as a source of anything but credit connection.

William James (1842 - 1910) - American philosopher

Hubbard used William James in an example of the allegedly downward turn psychology was taking before Hubbard came along.

"After William James, in the last of the nineteenth century, a consistent but somewhat disorganized effort was made to apply the scientific methodologies to the human mind and much data was amassed in psychology; but the data was not well aligned, was mainly speculative, and so gave rise to countless schools of practice and investigation which remained in sufficient conflict to largely nullify an incursion by psychology into the society.
The general practice of 'mental healing' had deteriorated by the first third of the twentieth century from a ratio of around fifty human beings for every shaman or witch doctor in a barbaric society to one 'mental practitioner' in the modern world to many hundreds of individuals. The percentage of alleviation of mental distress, however, continued about the same -- an estimated twenty-two percent of the cases treated receiving temporary relief, but with the liability that the incidence of suicide amongst patients being treated markedly advanced."

"A Brief History of Psychotherapy"
by L. Ron Hubbard
from the Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Vol. 2 No. 5 of November 1951

Isaac Newton (1642 - 1727) - English mathematician and scientist

Hubbard said that Newton's laws of physics would apply to the concepts of thinking. Hubbard called calculus Newton's practical joke, then gave his own formula for measuring change in terms of "havingness" and "beingness." Hubbard held Newton up as an example for how all scientists should be able to simply state a problem. Hubbard bemoaned his perception that scientists of his day did not agree with his radiation theories by suggesting they were gutless, brainless, and that they served "flighty masters" and "perverted Newton." Hubbard said those who consider themselves part of the physical universe begin to follow the laws of the physical universe. Hubbard said that he understood calculus in college only after he studied the basics of it, which he said were not contained in his textbook, and found out it had been authored by Newton.

"Newton's laws would apply and we would have stimulus-response thinking except for the ability of the mind to interpose self-determined action and motion despite stimuli or disregarding it."

"Advanced Procedures and Axioms", 1951
by L. Ron Hubbard

"... the thing called calculus is trying to fill that hole right now and it can't. But the rates of change - it comes closest to it. I think it was one of Newton's practical jokes. Uh.. here we have.. here we have calculus as trying to measure a rate of change. Well, if we had something that was really workable and simple, it would be formed on this basis: The present time and gradients of time were gradients of havingness, and as one havingness changed, you could establish a constancy of change for other related havingnesses."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course,
December 18 lecture by L. Ron Hubbard

"Original thinkers of the stature of Newton presented their ideas very simply. Newton stated that there are three laws of motion: Inertia, interaction and acceleration."

The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 2, No. 3, September, 1951,
"Basic Reason - Basic Principles" by L. Ron Hubbard

"Can it be they gutted scientists of guts when they perverted Newton?"

HCO Bulletin of 19 September 1960
"Captive Brains"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The Thetan in this universe has begun to consider himself mest and has begun to consider himself mass and the being that considers himself mass of course responds to the laws of electronics and the laws of Newton."

HCO Bulletin of 23 May 1971R, rev. 4 Dec 74
"The Magic of the Communications Cycle"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"As a college student in upper math I was utterly baffled by "calculus". I couldn't find out what it was for. Then I discovered it had been developed by Sir Isaac Newton, examined the basics and got the idea. My college text omitted all the basic explanations and even the authorship of the subject! Calculus today is really not enough used because it isn't understood."

HCO Bulletin of 30 June 1970R, rev. 6 Mar 73
"VIII Actions"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632 - 1723) - Dutch naturalist

Hubbard used the name of van Leeuwenhoek to say that Hubbard's own discoveries dwarfed van Leeuwenhoek's by comparison.

"For if the truth be known, the electropsychometer utterly dwarfs the invention of the microscope, for Leeuwenhoek found the way only to find bacteria; the electropsychometer provides the way for Man to find his freedom and to rise, perhaps, to social and constructive levels of which Man has never dreamed, and to avoid perils in that route which Man, in going, would have found more deadly than any bacteria ever evolved or invented."

"Electropsychometric Auditing Operator's Manual"
by L. Ron Hubbard, 1952

Voltaire (1694 - 1778) - French philosopher

Hubbard credited Voltaire with finding out that a jail provides food, shelter and leisure time. Hubbard reasoned that being in jail affected "one's ability to command one's environment."

"Consider the matter of a jail. On the surface of it, as Voltaire discovered, a jail provides food and shelter and leisure time. This would seem to be the ambition of many people, but the jail provides, as well, a restriction without one's consent. The only difference between being in jail and being the king in a castle so far as liberty is concerned is one's own desires in the matter and one's own ability to command one's environment."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 86
29 May 1956, "Causation and Knowledge"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Alfred Korzybski (1979 - 1950) - Polish-born American writer on general semantics

Hubbard credited and even praised "Count Alfred Korzybski" with understanding definitions, and with demonstrating that two objects could not occupy the same space -- in the physical universe. Hubbard further expounded on Korzybski's work on definition of words by himself defining "insanity" as an inability to properly identify things. Hubbard still had criticism for Korzybski, saying that the count never realized that a word was allegedly embodied in the concept symbolized by the word.

"Definition is taken up so beautifully and expertly by Count Alfred Korzybski that it is very difficult to improve in any way upon his classifications of definitions or his understanding of definitions."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course,
December 4 lecture
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Alfred Korzybski in General Semantics was very careful to demonstrate that two objects could not occupy the same space."

"The Phoenix Lectures", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

"An excellent rendition of this -- although one not related workably to experience and which did not have with it a truly workable therapy -- is to be found in general semantics in the book Science and Sanity by Alfred Korzybski. Insanity is the inability to associate or differentiate properly."

"Scientology 8-8008, 1974
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The work of the late Count Korzybski has pointed out with great distinctness the advantages which the language of mathematics has given to scientists of the physical universe. Rationality, in their special field, is very high among physicists and chemists who do a great deal of their thinking in terms of the rational language of mathematics."

The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 1, No. 8, February, 1951,
"The Theory of Affinity, Reality and Communication" by L. Ron Hubbard

"The idea of grasping word meanings conceptually is something new to the field of Linguistics. The endless Semantic circles pursued by Korzybski and company (see Data Series 1, "The Anatomy of Thought") never really led to the realization that a word and its meanings are embodied in the basic concept or idea symbolized by that word."

HCO Bulletin of 7 September 1974,
"Superliteracy and the Cleared Word"
by L. Ron Hubbard

William A. White

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of William White as a source of anything but credit connection.

Will Durant (1885 - 1981) - American historian

An article from Will Durant was published as an appendix in the 1978 edition of "Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
by L. Ron Hubbard.

Hubbard stated that his training would be conducive to a "command of philosophy as represented in the books of Will Durant." Hubbard sympathized with Durant for having been derided after having written a book on philosophy.

"Next a command of philosophy as represented in the books of Will Durant which give a fast and accurate review."

Associate Newsletter No. 3
circa mid-May, 1953
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Will Durant, the modern American philosopher, was relegated to the scrap heap by his fellow scholars when he wrote a popular book on the subject, The Outline of Philosophy. Thus brickbats come the way of any who seek to bring wisdom to the people over the objections of the "inner circle."

"My Philosophy", 1965, Vol. 6
by L. Ron Hubbard

Commander Thompson

Most of Hubbard's references to Thompson boil down to Thompson being the passer of Freud's knowledge on to Hubbard. Hubbard did not explain in any great detail what it was that Thompson supposedly passed along to him:

"The United States Navy, having heard much of the work of Freud in Vienna, sent an officer, Commander Thompson, to study under Freud and bring back to the Navy any benefit from psychoanalysis. When I knew Thompson he was but lately returned from long study with the master. And Thompson was not too impatient and not too bored to communicate something of Freud's teachings to a boy. As a dashing and brilliant figure, Thompson was enough to incite enthusiasm in any youngster and I fear I imposed greatly on his patience and his time."

Introduction to Volume 1 of June 2, 1952
by L. Ron Hubbard

Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939) - Austrian founder of psychoanalysis

Hubbard saw in Freud an ally in Hubbard's pronouncement that sex, the invention of "psychs" according to Hubbard, was the root of everything wrong with mankind (see Hubbard's bulletin of 26 August 1982 on "Pain and Sex". Hubbard asserted that Freud, at least verbally, confirmed Hubbard's own opinion as to the validity of prenatal experiences, as well as past lives.

Hubbard frequently used Freud as an example of how not to perform psychoanalysis. Hubbard especially condemned evaluating for patients, who were supposed to work things out for themselves, from Hubbard's point of view. Hubbard said that the Scientology E-meter was the instrument Freud was missing in order to be successful, and that Scientology would enable a person to complete in several hours what took years in Freudian psychoanalysis. Hubbard said he would write a book on "Freudian Self-analysis" and have it published. Hubbard said he was more qualified than most to criticize Freud. Hubbard later said that Freud, among others, made the criminal and the insane more criminal and insane. Hubbard wrote that the reason Freud's analysis worked is that the patient would sometimes accidentally discover the "suppressive person" that was making life miserable. The Suppressive Person doctrine is a basic doctrine of Scientology.

"Sigmund Freud observed, even as you may have observed, that a person's concern and trouble with his body commonly began at the age of puberty, and that a curve of his ups and downs did sudden changes at those points where he was defeated sexually, where his sexual impotence ceased and where it increased. Dr Freud unfortunately developed no fast or deeply workable techniques to resolve problems posed by these observations, mainly because the selection of sex as the prime motivator was not the selection of the basic mechanics of beingness. However, the brilliance of Freud's theories and his extrapolations from a limited amount of data, and his courage in standing before a whole world and declaring that an unpopular subject was the root of all evil, has no parallel in history. The complexes he mentioned, each and every one, are discoverable in the mind by direct observation or electropsychometry and are resolvable in the body by the technique of 'Matched Terminals in Brackets' which is the proper name for the above."

"He was deserted by his students, who began to write fantastic theories, completely unworkable and far from the point, which yet were better accepted. In discouragement, at the end of his career, he wrote a paper called Psychoanalysis, Terminable and Interminable. Freud, with no method of direct observation, spoke of pre-natals, birth trauma, and verbally, if not in writing, of past existences and of the continuing immortality of the individual. No praise can be great enough to give such a man, and the credit I give him for my own inspiration and work is entirely without reservation or bounds. My only regret is that I do not know where he is today to show him his 1894 libido theory completely vindicated and a Freudian psychoanalysis delivered beyond his expectations in five hours of auditing."

"Just as Freud said, the suppression in the mind is the suppression of things so bestial, so savage that the preclear undergoing professional processing is extremely shocked. Almost anything, and almost any impulse, including a thirst for pain and a desire to create any kind of effect, no matter how bad, will manifest itself while processing the reactive mind. Cannibalism, purely for sensation, so as to get the last remnants of admiration of the tortured and dying being, becomes a subjective certainty to the preclear who undergoes processing and has to have his reactive mind addressed before he can be himself, which is, of course, his analytical mind."

"The Creation of Human Ability", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

"In psychoanalysis, for instance, we discover that the basic failure of Freud's work in practice and as used by analysts failed chiefly because of two things done by the analyst in a consultation room. Whatever the value of Freud's libido theory, the effectiveness was reduced by the analyst's evaluation for the patient. The patient is not allowed to work out his own problem, or to come to his own conclusions. He is given ready-made interpretations."

"Dianetics 55", 1976
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Freud was so thoroughly shunned by neurologists of his day and medicine ever since, that only his great literary skill brought his work as far as it has come. Freudianism was not extremely dangerous and had some points on the right track. But technically, Freudian procedures were for years malpractice in neurology."

"The Analytical Mind", October 1950
by L. Ron Hubbard

"What is data? What is the evaluation of data? For instance, if you have been in Dianetics very long the chances are that someone has glibly told from psychoanalysis that if one could remember childhood experiences one could be relieved of certain psychosomatic pains. His conclusion from this tiny scrap of information was that Dianetics is not new.
In 1884 when Breuer first presented this tiny fact to Freud, he was unable to convince the eminent Doctor, but he managed to convince Freud in the next ten years. Then Freud convinced his literary agents. Medicine then fought Freud to a standstill, but eventually psychoanalysis emerged from the imbroglio.
All these years in which psychoanalysis has taught its tenets to each generation of doctors the authoritarian method was used, as can be verified by reading a few of the books on the subject. Within them is found, interminably, "Freud said...." The truly important thing is not that "Freud said" a thing, but "Is the data valuable? If it is valuable, how valuable is it?" You might say that a datum is as valuable as it has been evaluated. A datum can be proved in ratio to whether it can be evaluated by other data, and its magnitude is established by how many other data it clarifies. Thus, the biggest datum possible would be one which would clarify and identify all knowledge known to man in the material universe.

The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 2, No. 1, July, 1951,
"Education of the Auditor"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Sigmund Freud later worked with Breuer and developed the libido theory, which became the background of psychoanalysis. Freud's development in 1894was largely intuitive and he himself concluded it to be unworkable in 1920. Notwithstanding, Freud, repudiated even today by his own followers, was closer to truth than any other worker in the field in any age, as can be demonstrated."

"A Brief History of Psychotherapy"
by L. Ron Hubbard
from the Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Vol. 2 No. 5 of November 1951

"DESIRE FOR EFFECT ...
Freud was nearly right in his libido theory. An individual usually wants to be the most effect along the Second Dynamic. Along the Second Dynamic it is often the case that an individual does not desire to be cause children are troublesome to raise, difficult to bear, and are usually frowned upon by society if born out of wedlock. On the subject of love people usually want to be effect; failing in this they easily accept negative effects.
Similarly, one may choose to sit in a theater and be affected, or desire to experience through art and music. When one fails in some way or other in experiencing the wanted effect, he becomes the effect of effect, rather than the cause of effect. He desires to receive sensations from life and fails to bring his desire into fruition."

"Cause and Effect"
by L. Ron Hubbard
from the Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Vol. 2 No. 8 of February 1952

"In the days when none could expect a great deal from psychotherapy, Sigmund Freud introduced the advance of free association. In this technique, the patient was permitted to discourse freely and wanderingly until the doctor could gain a clue as to the source of his trouble. The doctor sought to obtain his data by evolving, from the clues given, that in which the patient was seeking to escape, or what he was repressing. This was the famous system of mental catharsis as developed by Freud and Breuer in the years prior to 1894.
There were many difficulties with the technique of free association but the main one was the lack of positive evidence for the doctor on what the patient was avoiding, or repressing.
Years later, the technique is made workable for the first time by the development of an electronic instrument, the electropsychometer. While this instrument was developed primarily for the needs of Scientology, its inventor has furthered its use by developing, as well, what he calls 'Technique 100,' or 'Associative Processing.' The technique is so called since it imposes and even guarantees absolute honesty on the part of the patient and provides the doctor with adequate and useful clues."

"Electronics Gives Life to Freud's Theory"
The Journal of Scientology (circa mid-August 1952)
by L. Ron Hubbard

"I have just gotten through a complete review of Freudian psychoanalysis, and I find out, Lord knows how he did it, that Sigmund Freud was hitting some very hot buttons. ... We can do a two years' psychoanalysis and do it properly and correctly in any small number of hours. ... The additional training, aside from a brush-up for the individual in the doctorate school, will include, according to my present plans here, a fast review of Freudian psychoanalysis to the end of obtaining a fast and certain command of diagnosis and definition as outlined by Sigmund Freud. ... You could state Freudian psychoanalysis from beginning to end in 5,000 words."

Associate Newsletter No. 3
circa mid-May, 1953
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The associate schools train to an HCA level, giving whatever courses below that rating they desire, such as basic and group courses. A unit, more or less the HAS, gives a correspondence-associate assist course in the history of psychotherapy, psychology, general semantics, electronic brains and Freudian psychotherapy; this comes before, during or after HCA training and is not required for an HCA."

Associate Newsletter No. 6
circa early July, 1953
by L. Ron Hubbard

"I am also writing up a book on the subject of Freudian Self-analysis. It will be published in the Journal."

Associate Newsletter No. 7
circa late July, 1953
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Additional alliance has been made with a corporation, THE FREUDIAN FOUNDATION OF AMERICA to train and certify psycho-analysts and psychotherapists (the latter being the junior grade).

The predominant communication line of the society at this time is psychoanalysis. Freud's books are very well known. By arrangements made in Europe and otherwise it is possible to issue certification as Freudian analysts. In that Freud, as a pioneer, introduced the basic idea that illness can stem from mental causes, and in that his work is well known, it is not unseemly to carry out his aims and goals. As he prescribed no exact process and as Scientology on its lowest rung solves Freudian problems never before solved, Scientology is of course desirable in this field. Further, Freud's work holds out hope which does not materialize and so tends to dead end those seeking help in mental problems. To remove this road block by applying what is now known would seem to be a social contribution.

All auditors graduating from the Advanced Clinical Course, grading high enough to properly represent their subject, can be given any one of three or ail the following certificates: DOCTOR OF SCIENTOLOGY, FREUDIAN PSYCHO- ANALYST, DOCTOR OF DIVINITY. Naturally, previous background and general fitness are consulted in this matter."

Hubbard Association of Scientologists letter to associates
March 10, 1954
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Punch this up everywhere: SCIENTOLOGY IS THE ONLY ANGLO-SAXON-developed science of the mind and spirit. Medicine is Latin in origin. Psychology is German (Prof. Wundt, 1862). Psychoanalysis is Austrian (Freud, 1894). Psychiatry is Russian (Pavlov and others in the 1890's). Scientology is an Anglo-Saxon exact science of the mind and spirit."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 61
"Selling," 16 September 1955
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Better than others, then, some sixty-two years after Freud's original declarations, I could be considered qualified to criticize the failure of not only the basic work of Freud but the later offshoots which, while following his original tenets, yet sought to expand information on psychoanalysis. Very few living analysts today have as direct a connection with the subject as I do and there are few who can boast of the successes with the subject which I can. For I have used psychoanalysis as a practitioner and have achieved some certain successes with it, were one to call a success the sporadic eradication of the severe neurosis in a known mental patient. Further, there is my own enfranchisement by the Freudians when they were all but obliterated in Europe by Russia.

Having established then my possible qualifications to criticize and having compounded such right by having bettered the results of Freud, I feel it is necessary to overhaul rapidly the points of failure of psychoanalysis as we understand the mind today."

"But many of the things which Freud thought might exist, such as 'life in the womb,' 'birth trauma,' we in Dianetics and Scientology confirmed and for them provided an adequate alleviation. The discovery of the engram is entirely the property of Dianetics. Methods of its erasure are also owned entirely by Dianetics, but both of these were pointed to by early Freudian analysis and hypnotism."

"There is little, if any, difference between the writings of Freud in 1894 and the declarations of analysts today unless it is a deteriorated difference; the writings of Freud in the late nineteenth century were clearer and more precise than those which are published today. The earlier writings of Freud had in them the saving ingredient of humanity, which is woefully lacking in later workers in the field of psychoanalysis."

"It is up to us to realize, then, that psychoanalysis in its pure practice is dead the moment the spirit of humanity in which Freud developed the work is betrayed by the handing over of a patient to the merciless misconduct which passes today for treatment."

"OVER-COMMUNICATION ...

Free association and all other communication means detailed by Freud are only superficially therapeutic. A remedy of the tolerance of mass is therapeutic on all levels of case. You may or may not be aware that a psychoanalytic patient is supposed to talk hour in and hour out for years to his analyst before any recovery is experienced; that no recovery is thereafter experienced in most cases is a very plain case, to the Scientologist, of induced mass starvation."

"Transference in psychoanalysis was used to denote the transference of the patient into the valence of the practitioner. This was the way which Commander Thompson described the phenomenon to me and nothing has been learnt from later analysts to disprove this basic definition of Freud's."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 92
"A Critique of Psychoanalysis," 10 July 1956
by L. Ron Hubbard

"HYPNOTISM

Probably the most fundamental error of psychoanalysis was its early dependence upon hypnotism. Breuer, as Freud's co-worker, actually exhumed the original data on which Freud based his libido theory in 1894. Breuer used hypnotism.

The use of hypnotism denotes an anxiety to produce an effect beyond the power of the individual to produce an effect by normal knowledge and means. It is the belief that the patient must be in a comatose state before something can be done to him. The medical doctor and the analyst and psychiatrist alike have held this tenet.

Basically, a good therapy would wake people up, make them more alert, make them more able, happier, more competent. Hypnotism is the exact reverse to this. We have here another failure to observe. Anyone observing hypnotic patients would see that after they have been hypnotized they are less able."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 93
"A Critique of Psychoanalysis continued" 24 July 1956
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Where Freud achieved any result -- let's be generous, let's say he did achieve some results -- let's find out how long it took him to achieve them. An old lady came in from Bavaria and talked to him for a few minutes and just ranted on and on, and all of a sudden said that she felt better and got up and left. Freud, as far as I can discover, never had any results from cases who went longer than a very few hours in psychoanalysis. In other words, Freud's results were the magic results. A person came in and said, 'This is wrong, and that is wrong' and felt better and went away. If you let the patient talk too long, he is going to go out the bottom, and that I guarantee. They talk themselves down the tone scale."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 123
"The Reality Scale" 1 November 1957
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The whole of Freudian Analysis concerns itself with treating the reactive mind. Freud called it the Unconscious, amongst other things."

"In clearing, the reactive mind vanishes. That is not the primary Scientology target in clearing but it is a worthwhile one.

Freud's Unconscious is conquered territory. The German psychologist's 'mind' is conquered territory.

Conquest comes in Clearing. And fast Clearing is done by Scientology."

Ability Issue 74. circa mid-May 1958,
"Scientology and the Reactive Mind"

by L. Ron Hubbard

"As treatment it was common for a Freudian practitioner to cut through the Gordian knot by ordering a patient to go out and have sex with everyone, prove his or her prowess and thus become well and happy. While this secured the popularity of the subject, it did little to reduce asylum statistics as these were on the increase throughout the Freudian age and were highest at its end, and indeed were higher in Freudian dominated areas than in others where Freudian treatment was not used. (Not my propaganda, just a recorded fact.)

HCO Bulletin of 9 June 1960
"The Basic Assumptions of Scientology versus overts"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Any goal Freud ever had is easily achieved by Prepchecking in a relatively few hours if done by a thoroughly trained Class IV auditor. Goals Freud never dreamed of rise beyond that point."

HCO Bulletin of 1 March 1962
"Prepchecking"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"So we are faced with the unlovely picture of asserted rightness in the face of flagrant wrongness. And any success in making the being realize their wrongness results in an immediate degradation, unconsciousness, or at best a loss of personality. Pavlov, Freud, psychiatry alike never grasped the delicacy of these facts and so evaluated and punished the criminal and insane into further criminality and insanity."

HCO Bulletin of 22 July 1963
"You can be right"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"A child is weak and at the mercy of adults. It is this fact alone that gave all the cures Freud ever stumbled onto. The analyst accidentally located an SP when his work was successful."

HCO Bulletin of 5 February 1966
"S and D warning"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Freud mentioned that people who couldn't understand something sometimes giggled in an embarrassed kind of way. I rarely take any data from him but in this case, he was right. It was a good observation."

HCO Bulletin of 20 September 1968
"Glee"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Michael Faraday

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of Faraday as a source of anything but credit connection.

Religious leaders Hubbard is said to have credited as outside sources

L. Ron Hubbard is said to have credited the following as outside sources of his work.

Jesus Christ

To Hubbard, religions started with a "mythical monk" like Jesus Christ, Dharma, Krishna, and Lao-Tse. Probably because Hubbard processed people who were for the most part Christian, Jesus Christ was a particular nuisance who kept popping up in people's accounts of past lives. These repeated accounts of many different people having been Jesus Christ not only disproved the theory of past lives in general, but showed that Hubbard's technology in particular was unscientific.

Hubbard attempted to identify himself with Jesus Christ by saying that both he and Christ gave goals to men. He further stated that with Scientology people could obtain the goals set by Jesus Christ. Because Hubbard considered Christianity to be the dominant religion, Hubbard advocated that in the event Scientologists encountered resistance to Scientology, resisters should be "called on the carpet" and berated for not believing in the promises of Jesus Christ. Hubbard admonished his followers to have a friendly attitude towards Jesus Christ when dealing with Christian ministers, and to emphasize the argument that Scientology advanced the goals of Christ, which Hubbard said were wisdom, good health and immortality.

To set Scientology off from Christianity, Hubbard indicated that while Christian churches held themselves to be above the law of the land because of the power of Jesus Christ, Scientology, with its "purer intent, has a better right to the use of civil government processes than those who exist for more base purposes." At times Hubbard encouraged Scientologists to think of Scientology as a Christmas present, and timed the 1978 release of "What is Scientology?" in time for the Christmas gift-buying holidays. Hubbard suggested it was "traditional" knowledge Christ that attained his spiritual knowledge in India, and that the Christian god closely resembled the one in the Hindu Veda.

Although speaking of one's own memories is discouraged in Scientology, Hubbard often used his own alleged memories as revisions to history. One such moment was when he said that heaven, in particular the Christian one, was really an implant station in outer space. In these mental implants the picture of a crucified Christ, Hubbard speculated, was a actually a symbol of man betrayed. These implants would kick in, Hubbard asserted, whenever a person was disloyal to a religion.

"Christ gave a goal to men."

The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 2, No. 2, August, 1951,
"An Essay on Management" by L. Ron Hubbard

"People get to such a level of identification with Christ that they will run the Crucifixion complete with somatics and, indeed, there are several instances in history where on the holiday of the Crucifixion persons spontaneously bleed from the 'thorns.'"

The Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 18,
circa late January, 1954,
"An Essay on Management" by L. Ron Hubbard

"Scientology can demonstrate that it can attain the goals set for man by Christ, which are: Wisdom, Good Health, and Immortality."

"Should anyone challenge you for having suddenly secured a relief in a hospital or an institution from some dire malady which balked the efforts of the professional men in charge of it, and should you ever be "called upon the carpet" for having "interfered" with the progress of a case, you should be extremely dismayed, and act it, to find yourself in the presence of barbarians who do not believe in the power of prayer, in the will of God, or the promises of Jesus Christ. And you should point out that, whereas the body was in their keeping, they did not at any time care to take purview of the human soul. And if anything has occurred because the soul, in your province, then reacted upon the body, you believe that they are unwilling to admit the will of God in their treatment of human beings, and if this is the case, you now, while you are being addressed by such people, discover yourself to be in a strange place where men pretending to be Christians doubt God, the Son of God, and the power of prayer. Your entire address to such people, in such a situation, publicly or privately, should be entirely overt, accusative, and not at any time apologetic. And you should immediately make it your business to place this matter before the proper authorities, that people are in charge of an institution here, are not Christians, and do not believe in God, and you should inform your accusers that you are going to do so."

" ... one should recognize that the clergy of Western Protestant churches defines a minister or the standing of a church by these salient facts: Jesus Christ was the Savior of Mankind, Jesus Christ was the Son of God.

We in Scientology find no argument with this, and so in discussing Scientology with other ministry one should advance these two points somewhere in the conversation. Additionally, one should advance to the ministry exactly those things mentioned earlier as what we would like the general public to believe. Christ, if you care to study the New Testament, instructed his disciples to bring wisdom and good health to man, and promised mankind immortality, and said the Kingdom of Heaven was at hand, and the translators have not added that "at hand" possibly meant three feet back of your head. We could bring up these points but there is no reason to. You are not trying to educate other ministry. A friendly attitude toward other ministry in general, and fellow ministers in particular, is necessary."

"He should also punch home the fact that Scientology believes in the three things Christ intended for man: wisdom, good health, and immortality."

"Most churches in Western civilization hold that civil government has been convened and authorized by a Divine Source, and that civil government only exists by reason of that source, and that civil government is only valid because of Divine Source, and that the members of these congregations follow civil government only so long as it does not controvert any part of the words of Jesus Christ as declared in the New Testament. In other words, these churches conceive themselves to be a higher entity than civil government. We do not declare this for Scientology, only insofar as it is the custom of religious organizations, but we do declare that the Scientologist, having a purer intent, has a better right to the use of civil government processes than those who exist for more base purposes."

Ability circa mid-March 1955,
"The Scientologist, A manual on dissemination of material"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"These great religious leaders, at least those I consider great religious leaders, begin with a monk, a legendary, mythical monk, whose name is probably not, but is said to be, Dharma. That word has meant wisdom ever since. Some many thousands of years ago in the highlands of India he handed out or handed on information which was taken up and carried forward by someone who might never have existed, just as they say Christ might never have existed, and that person was Krishna. And we go forward from there and we get to Lao-tse, who in his Tao again handed on knowledge and said there was a spiritual side to life."

Ability circa mid-June 1955,
"The hope of Man"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"NED FOR OTs. Flag was the place where all the NED for OT auditors were trained. When its new AO Division 4A was opened just before Christmas even other hotels in town had to be booked to take care of the OTs arriving for their NED for OTs. The sensation caused over the world rivalled the original landing at Flag in Florida. They considered it a Christmas present and it was."

"And bright, new, and in your bookstore is a big impressive hard cover book WHAT IS SCIENTOLOGY? released at Christmas!"

Ron's Journal 30, :1978 -- The Year of Lightning Fast New Tech",
LRH Executive Directive of 17 December 1978
by L. Ron Hubbard

"For a long time, people have been cross with me for my lack of co-operation in believing in a Christian Heaven, God and Christ."

"Yes, I've been to Heaven. And so have you. And you have the pattern of its implants in the HCO Bulletin Line Plot ... The symbol of the crucified Christ is very apt indeed. It's the symbol of a thetan betrayed. Additional work and possible corrections need to be done but this is the gist of the matter: The implants are electronic in nature and follow the pattern of the G.P.M. The implant station existed on the order of magnitude of 43,000,000,000,000 years ago. (The dates may be part of the implants but do not appear so at this stage. However, a possibility of correction of dates is reserved). Some have been through it once, some more than once. The first time I arrived and the moment of the implant To Forget was dated at 43,891,832,611,177 years, 344 days, 10 hours, 20 minutes and 40 seconds from 10:02 PM Daylight Greenwich Time May 9, 1963. The second series was dated to the moment of the implant To Forget as 42,681,459,477,315 years, 132 days, 18 hours, 20 minutes and 15 seconds from 11:02 PM Daylight Greenwich Time May 9, 1963. There are no earlier such implants. There are no later such implants."

HCO Bulletin of May 11, AD13
"Routine 3, Heaven"

by L. Ron Hubbard

"You'll find, by the way, another manifestation is preclears will shift identities and borrow facsimiles like mad. There's what they call the Christ game and that game has been played and played and played and played - honest to Pete, these cards are just so thin. They've been laid down amongst the coffee cups and so forth of a whole universe.

You'll find out thousands of years before the year one A.D. Earth, you will have facsimiles and dolls made up like Christ. Fac One a million years ago is occasionally rigged with Christ and the Devil and an angel. It's a fascinating thing, it's an old game.

Here on Earth there was undoubtedly a Christ. Well, one of the reasons he was.. he swept in so suddenly uh.. and.. and he would go forward so hard is he had a good assist back of him in terms of an implant.

All right. Now he.. you'll find preclears, and this is a little problem that will come up with you. You'll find preclears all of a sudden are Christ. You will actually find a preclear will go all the way through with a crown of thorns and every other darn thing. Just look for an overt act against Christ, and it solves itself.

What they've done is picked up an implant phrase and done a mock-up on it. They can do it.. they can do this. They pick up some kind of an implant or some kind of a terrible upset or a conviction of some sort or another, and then they'll go ahead and, my lord, they'll carry that cross clear up to the top of Golgotha and get themselves nailed on it, and uh.. very few of them go to the point of getting the.. the uh.. gall bladder stuffed in their mouth or something like that - little Christian niceties - uh.. but uh.. they.. they.. they will be just about as good as this as they know about Christ. They'll add no new data to the situation.

This is an overt act against religion, and the person has been made guilty in terms of some religious cult, and so on and the only reason that could ever happen to him is because at some time or another he has deserted a group which was a high ethical group and after that he can become prey to other things."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course lecture 24 of December 9

by L. Ron Hubbard

"I am not, by the way, discounting even vaguely the work of Christ, or Christ himself. Traditionally Christ is supposed to have studied in India. One doesn't hear of him until he is thirty years of age, and he was a carpenter and so on -- one hears of a lot of things, but we also hear this persistent legend that he had studied in India. Well, this would, of course, be a very acceptable datum, in view of the fact that the basic philosophy about which he was talking was a philosophy which had been extant in India, at this time, for about 500 years. Little less than 500 years. It was about that time that it moved out of that area, having taken over, by that time, two thirds of the earth's populace, but we don't quite recognize our Europe, if we think of it as a thriving culture. It was not a culture even twelve or thirteen hundred years after Christ."

"And then Christ became such a [messenger]. He was a bringer of information. He never announced his sources. He spoke of them as coming from God. But they might just as well have come from the god talked about in the Hymn of the Dawn Child, who, by the way, is rather hard to distinguish from gods talked about later on. The god the Christians worshipped is certainly not the Hebrew god. He looks much more like that one talked about in the Veda."

"The Christian god is actually much better characterized in the Vedic Hymns than in any subsequent publication, including the Old Testament. The Old Testament doesn't make nearly as good a statement of what the Christians think of as God as does the Veda.

"The Phoenix Lectures", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

"There have been novels and plays about someone trying to live the life of Christ and the hero always winds up in a mess, the lesson being that His teachings couldn't be followed. The booklet, 'The Way to Happiness*,' contains a non-religious moral code based on common sense. It may be the first such code."

HCO Bulletin of 24 November 1980, "Happiness Rundown"
by L. Ron Hubbard

* (Lermanet note) "The Way to Happiness" contains statements like "Try to treat others as you would want them to treat you", which is a slightly altered version of the biblical teaching of treating others as one would be treated, popularly known as "the golden rule".

Buddha (approx. 563 - 483 B.C.)

Hubbard said he found a direct relationship between Buddhism and Scientology. He noted that Buddhism, like Scientology, was against the use of force.

Hubbard said that Buddhists and Christians strove for the same thing, emancipation "from the body," and asserted that Scientology had succeeded in doing achieving immortality this way.

Hubbard said that Scientology needed to be identified with Buddhism so it could be seen as religion for "protection under law," among other things. Hubbard identified himself with "Gautama Buddha, who oddly enough never pretended to be a god, pretended to be nothing but what he was, a man inspired with the wisdom which he had gained and which he taught ..."

"We first find this Buddha called actually Bohdi, and a Bohdi is one who has attained intellectual and ethical perfection by human means. This probably would be a Dianetic Release (Dianetic Release: One who in Dianetic auditing has attained good case gains, stability and can enjoy life more. Such a person is 'Keyed out' or in other words released from the stimulus-response mechanisms of the reactive mind) or something of this level. Another level has been mentioned to me -- Arhat, with which I am not particularly familiar, said to be more comparable to our idea of Theta Clear.

There were many Bohdis, or Buddhas. And the greatest of these was a fellow by the name of Gautama Sakyamuni and he lived between 563 and 483 B.C. I won't go so far as to say he'd ever read the Tao-Teh-King because there is absolutely no evidence to that effect at all, except that they certainly were riding on the same pathway. So much so that when Taoism turned into Buddhism later on they never abandoned the Tao. Taoist principles became Chinese Buddhist principles, in very large measure. And what we have just talked about in terms of knowing the way to Knowingness is very, very closely associated here with Buddha or Lord Buddha, or Gautama Buddha, or the Blessed One, or the Enlightened one. He is looked upon, and according to my belief in the line, erroneously, as the founder of the Dhyana. I think that this was in existence for quite a long time before he came along, but that he pumped life into it, he gave it codification, he straightened it up and made it run on the right track and it has kept running in that direction ever since, he did such a thoroughly good job. He was such an excellent scientific philosopher, and he himself was so persuasive and so penetrative in his work, that nobody has ever managed to pry apart Dhyana and Gautama Buddha. This identification is such a very close one that even in areas that have no understanding whatsoever of the principles laid down by Gautama Buddha, we find him sitting there as an idol, which would have been a very, very amusing thing to Buddha, because he, like Lao-Tzu, never said that he was otherwise than a human being.

He didn't ever announce any revelations from supernatural sources, there were no guardian angels sitting on his shoulders preaching to him, as in the case of Mohammed and some other prophets. Nobody was ever giving him the word. But he went around giving what he had to people, he never intended to be anything but a human being, and he was a teacher. A tremendously interesting man. Now we find, however, some of the things that were written by Gautama, find them very significantly interesting to us, completely aside from Dhyana (which could be literally translated as 'Indian for Scientology', if you wished to do that).

We find in Dharma-Parda:

'All that we are is the result of what we have thought. It is founded upon our thoughts. It is made up of our thoughts.'

Interesting, isn't it? And:

'By oneself evil is done. By oneself one suffers. By oneself evil is left undone. By oneself one is purified. Purity and impurity belong to oneself. No one can purify another.'

In other words, you can't just grant beingness to, and over-awe the preclear (Preclear: A person who through Scientology processing is finding out more about himself and life). It means you've got to have him there working on his own self-determinism or not at all -- if you want to give that any kind of an interpretation. In other words, you've got to restore his ability to grant beingness, or he does not make gains, and we know that by test.

'You yourself must make an effort. The Buddhas are only preachers. The thoughtful who enter the way are freed from the bondage of sin.'

'He who does not rouse himself when it is time to rise, who though young and strong, is full of sloth, whose will and thoughts are weak -- that lazy and idle man will never find the way to enlightenment.'

The common denominator of psychosis and neurosis is the inability to work.

And the next verse:

'Strenuousness is the path of immortality, sloth the path of death. Those who are strenuous do not die; those who are slothful are as if dead already.'

This is some of that material, and by the way, a little bit later on in his work, in a discourse with one Ananda, we discover him announcing the fact that you have to abstain from the six pairs of things, in other words, twelve separate things, and we in Scientology would recognize them as the various fundamental parts of things such as space, making and breaking communication and so forth. They're all just named there one right after the other. But he said you had to abstain from them, and the main difficulty is of course the interpretation of exactly what he said. What did he say? What was actually written?

Because the truth of the matter is, that successfully abstaining from these things would mean that you had to get into a position where you could tolerate them before you could abstain from them. And that is the main breaking point of all such teachings -- that one did not recognize that one didn't simply negate against everything and then become pure, and the way it's been interpreted is: if you run away from all living, then you can live forever. That's the way it has been interpreted. But understand that was never the way it was said.

The religion of Buddhism, carried by its teachers, brought civilization into the existing barbarisms, as of that time, of India, China, Japan, the Near East, or about two thirds of the earth's population. This was the first civilization they had had. For instance, Japan's written language, her ability to make lacquer, silk, almost any technology which she has today, was taught to her by Buddhist monks, who emigrated over to Japan from China -- the first broadcast of wisdom, which resulted in very, very high cultures. Their cultures, which ensued from Buddhism, were very easily distinguishable from those superstitions which had existed heretofore. No light thing occurred there. It was just some people who had the idea that there was wisdom, and having that wisdom, you went out and told it to people and you told them that there was a way that you could find a salvation and that way was becoming your own mind essence. And if you lived a fairly pure life, lacking in sensuousness and evil practices, in other words, overt acts (Overt act: a harmful or contra-survival action), quite possibly you could break the endless chain of birth and death, which they knew very well in those days. And in other words you could accomplish an exteriorization (Exteriorization: The state of the thetan, the individual himself, being outside his body. When this is done, the person achieves a certainty that he is himself and not his body.)

Now all this knowledge up to this point, was given to a world which was evidently clearly cognizant of the manifestation of exteriorization, and that one was living consecutive lives. Twenty-five hundred years later, you would expect a race to be ploughed in far enough below that level as to no longer be conscious of consecutive lives but only single ones, and so Man is. But to reach salvation in one lifetime -- that was the hope of Buddhism. That hope, by various practices, was now and then, here and there, attained. But no set of precise practices ever came forward, which immediately, predictably, produced a result. You understand that many of the practices would occasionally produce a result. But it was a religion which to that degree, had to go forward on hope -- a hope which has extended over a span of a great, great many years.

The material which was released in that time is cluttered with irrelevancies. A great deal of it is buried. You have to be very selective, and you have to know Scientology, actually, to plot it out, get it into the clear, but much less than you might expect. It was wisdom, it was really wisdom and is today the background of the religious practices, but don't think for a moment that a Buddhist in the western hills of China knows the various words of Gautama Sakyumuni. He doesn't. He has certain practices which he practices. The basic wisdom is thinned. With that as a background they have certain religious rites and they follow these. So even in China, very close to India, where this came forward -- and it was sent directly into China from India -- we have that immediate division from the wisdom into the practice, and we have almost all of China in one fashion or another, bowing down to some form of Buddhism and a very little of the intellectual world knowing actually the real background of Buddhism. But we have there a civilization where before Buddhism we didn't have one, which is quite important to us.

Now there, so far, is your track of wisdom, which merely brings us up to the beginning of two thousand years ago."

"The philosophy of every state operating on force alone and every barbaric society that Buddhism touched -- shattered. The first one to go by the boards was, however, India itself."

"The principles known as Buddhism included those of course of love thy neighbor, abstain from the use of force. These principles appeared in Asia Minor at the beginning of our own date, and I am not, by the way, discounting even vaguely the work of Christ, or Christ himself."

"The very same thing that the Buddhists hoped for (and this is what is very interesting) became the hope of the Christian world. Emancipation -- from the body. The survival and immortality of the human soul."

"The Phoenix Lectures", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The next single most important philosophic advance within our written history was accomplished by Gautama Sakyamuni. This work was part of a religion known as the Dharma. The Dharma, existing some time before the advent of Gautama, is a religion preached by individuals known as Buddhas. The Western world knows this as Buddhism and variously believes it to be a superstition or idolatrous practice or believes that it was founded by a man named Buddha, none of which are true. A Buddha is simply one who has attained Bodhi. A Bodhi is "one who has attained an ideal state of intellectual and ethical perfection by purely physical means." There have been many Buddhas and there are expected to be many more.

A very cursory glance at the Dharma discovers that it embraces these facts. "All that we are is the result of what we have thought; it is founded on our thoughts, it is made up of our thoughts." "By oneself evil is done; by oneself one suffers; by oneself evil is left undone; by oneself one is purified. Purity and impurity belong to oneself; no one can purify another." "You yourself must make an effort; the Buddhas are only preachers. The thoughtful who enter the way are freed from the bondage of sin." "He who does not rouse himself when it is time to rise, who, though young and strong, is full of sloth, whose will and thoughts are weak, that lazy and idle man will never find the way to enlightenment." "Strenuousness is the path of immortality, sloth the path of death. Those who are strenuous do not die; those who are slothful are as if dead already."

In the "Surangama Sutra" giving a discourse to one Ananda, Gautama said, "If you simply do not follow after these twelve notions of conditioning phenomena, namely: motion and stillness, separation and contact, variability and constancy, appearing and disappearing, passing or impenetrability, brightness and darkness, or should ignore any pair of them you will be freed from bondage to all mental contaminations."

Although the Dharma does not give and does not contain, as it is handed down to us, any real or workable methodology to accomplish the state of Bodhi, it cleaves very strongly to a scientific rationale which, coming to us from two and one half millenia ago, is startling in view of the fact that it is more delineative, more exact, more comprehensive and more comprehensible than any and all psychological doctrine as known to us in this Twentieth Century.

Here is an amazing body of scientific-philosophical-religious truth. These texts written about 600 B.C. outline a scientific religion of compassion and magnitude.

What has been the fate of the Dharma in these past centuries? What mark has it left upon Earth? The Dharma rose in an Asia enslaved by animism, superstition, idolatry, cannibalism and slavery. It was a barbaric world in 600 B.C. Gautama Buddha and his handful of followers, pretending nothing to the supernatural, using only wisdom, teachings and the technologies of civilization, spread through India the doctrines of the Dharma and brought to these hundreds of millions a much greater civilization than they had known. Penetrating into China, the Buddhist priests spread civilization before them. Penetrating into Japan, they taught the Japanese to read and write, to weave and sew, until two-thirds of the Earth's population had attained higher levels of wisdom. Spreading westward, the Dharma came into the Middle East and there presented its message of "love thy neighbor" and general compassion for life. And the parables of Gautama Buddha were re-expressed with some differences and additions to spread westward again as Christianity. And today, the entire Western Civilization lies under the spell, if at a lower intellectual level, of the teachings of the Dharma.

You are left to conclude what you will concerning the actual foundation of religion on this planet and of the factual structure underlying Christian churches. Our only concern here is with the fact that religion is basically a philosophic teaching designed to better the civilization into which it is taught. Backed fully by the precedent of all the ages concerning teachings, a Scientologist has a better right to call himself a priest, a minister, a missionary, a doctor of divinity, a faith healer or a preacher than any other man who bears the insignia of religion of the Western world. And remember that it is precedent which masters the opinion of multitudes and nations.

Why should Scientology ally itself with religion or use the word religion in connection with its philosophy?

There are many, many reasons. Amongst them is that a society accords to men of the church an access not given to others. Prisons, hospitals, and institutions, and those who manage them, cannot do otherwise than welcome men of the church. We are talking now about more than simply expediency or protection under law."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 32
August 7, 1954
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Another one of these great leaders, Gautama Buddha, who oddly enough never pretended to be a god, pretended to be nothing but what he was, a man inspired with the wisdom which he had gained and which he taught, and at one time one-third of this earth's population knew of and was better for Gautama Buddha. In the Western world, if you walk up to a man casually and you say "Buddha," he'll say, "An Idol," which was the furthest thing from Buddha's thoughts -- to be an idol. He would have laughed and probably did laugh after he exteriorized and came back and took a look around and saw everybody building temples, burning joss to Buddha. Nevertheless, this was not the attraction of the Buddhist; the attraction was again wisdom and hope."

Ability circa mid-June 1955,
"The hope of Man"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Mohammed (approx. 570-632 A.D.)

Hubbard said that a Sufi mohammedan cult called "the Assassins controlled practically every breath Europe took for almost 300 years." He gave this as an example of how simple it was to use hashish to control men like robots. He also gave this as an example of how a "sect" could control Europe.

Besides using Christianity as an example of implants, Hubbard also referred to a "mohammedan lode stone" as being caused by an extraterrestrial implant.

" You can control men like you would control robots with those techniques. The implantation, black Dianetics, pain-drug-hypnosis are very mild methods of control. Do you know that the Sufi Mohammedan cult under Hashshashin controlled Europe for 300 years with the rather thin gadget of throwing hashish into some young man, suddenly making him appear, wake up in a beautiful garden where there were forty black-eyed houries to serve his every desire, where there were rivers of milk and honey - real milk and honey, rivers and fountains. And he could stay there for about three or four days, and then he would suddenly be told, "Now you have had your taste of paradise. In order to return to paradise it is necessary for you to return down to earth and carry out the commands of this order." And this young man would then find himself suddenly in the middle of some large town, and he would know that all he had to do was to walk up and kill the sultan of that town, and if he himself were killed in the same act, he would immediately appear in the garden of paradise. Hence the Assassins, and the Assassins controlled practically every breath Europe took for almost 300 years. How simple it was."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course No. 20,
December 6 lecture by L. Ron Hubbard

"This is an incident called the Emanator, by the way. And this thing is, by the way, the source of the mohammedan Lode Stone that they have hanging down there that uh.. when uh.. Mohammed decided to be a good uh.. small town booster in uh.. Kansas Middle East or something of the sort.. by the way, the only reason he mocked that thing up is the trade wasn't good in his home town. That's right. You can read the life of Mohammed. And he's got a black one and it's sort of hung between the ceiling and the floor and, I don't know it.. maybe it's called a casbah or.. or.. or something. Any.. anyway that thing is a mock-up of the Emanator. The Emanator is bright, not black."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course No. 24,
December 9 lecture by L. Ron Hubbard

"Don't become Mohammedan. Nobody will come around and shoot you because you're a Mohammedan, but don't try to start Mohammedan churches. You'll be discouraged very definitely."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course No. 35,
December 11 lecture
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Asia Minor, given a goal by Mohammed, exploded into Europe."

"Mohammed sat alongside the caravan routes until he had a goal formulated and then his followers managed Mohammedanism into a conquest of a large part of civilization."

The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 2, No. 2, August, 1951,
"An Essay on Management" by L. Ron Hubbard

"Another effort of swaying minds occurred in Persia and Syria between the 11th and 13th centuries A.D. A sect known as the Assassins utilized the popular belief in Mohammedan Paradise to rule, viciously and powerfully, a large segment of the known world. This sect enforced its will upon the rulers and influential men of its time by assassination, and, indeed, that is the derivation of that word. The leaders of this sect would ply religious young men with hashish and then transport them to a marvelous garden which contained all the sensual delights recounted in the Koran, even to the forty black-eyed houris. The young men, believing themselves in Paradise itself, would be told that they could not remain there unless they obeyed the slightest wish of the sect and that they could not return unless they were actually dead. The young men, so bedazzled, were then returned to the "world of the living" and were used to slay important persons, for what mattered it that the assassin was killed, since he would, at worst, return to "Paradise." Thus any ruler or influential man in the world, once threatened by this sect, would obey its mandates as to tribute or the passing of new laws."

"The Journal of Scientology," circa fall, 1952
"Danger: Black Dianetics"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Confucius (approx 551 - 479 B.C.)

Hubbard's mention of Confucius is that Confucius was of "no great interest to us", which presumably includes Hubbard.

Well, it must have been that there were a lot of very, very clever people on Earth at that time because we find in the lifetime of Lao-Tzu one called Confucius, of whom you have heard so much, but unfortunately Confucius evidently never wrote a single word. Confucius is reported by those who were around him -- his disciples. And he took most of his material from, or gave credit to, some ancient Chinese works, and one of them if I remember rightly, is the Book of the Winds. And these are very, very ancient and I have seen some fragmentary translations of them. Of course Confucius himself was the great apostle of conservatism, and as such, has ever since been the very model philosopher to have in a government. He is worshipped in this century by many many levels in China and you could buy his statue with great ease throughout North China.

Now the amount of superstition which has grown up around Confucius is considerable but we had in both Lao-Tzu and Confucius two people who never otherwise than pretended to be human beings who were simply pointing out a way of life. Now Confucius is of no great interest to us because he was codifying conduct most of the time, and the great philosopher of that day, if less known, was Lao-Tzu.

"The Phoenix Lectures", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

Lao Tze (6th century B.C.)

Hubbard drew an indirect relationship to the teachings of Lao Tze by stating it could have been possible to reach the Scientology state of "Theta Clear" by following Lao Tze's doctrine. Hubbard claimed a possible connection to Lao Tze by saying that he, "Lao-Tze, never said that he was otherwise than a human being." For his own adherents, Hubbard designed a Scientology process that would permit them to accomplish was of Lao-Tze's goals, to "be nothing."

"But we are certainly talking about religious philosophy when we mention the Tao-Teh-King.

It was written by Lao-Tzu in approximately 529 B.C., something around that period. He wrote it just before he disappeared forever. And his birth and death dates are traditionalized as 604 B.C., born, to 531 B.C., died. This is the next important milestone in the roadway of knowledge itself.

Now what was the Tao: it meant the way to solving the mystery which underlies all mysteries. It wasn't simply "the way", as the western world generally thinks of it. I would suppose this would only be the case if they were unfamiliar with the book itself. It is a book and it was written by a man named Lao-Tzu when he was ordered to do so by a gatekeeper.

Lao-Tzu was a very obscure fellow. Very little is known about him. His main passion was obscurity and he started to leave town one day and the gatekeeper turned him around and told him he could not leave town until he went home and he wrote this book. It is a very short book. It must not be more than six thousand characters. He merely wrote down his philosophy and gave it to the gatekeeper and went out the gate and disappeared. That is the last we ever heard of Lao-Tzu.

Well, when we have this book, we begin to see that here was somebody trying to go somewhere without going on something. We have the western world defining this work as "teaching conformity with a cosmic order" and "teaching simplicity in social and political organization". The Tao-Teh-King did do this and this would be a very finite goal for it, but this was actually not the Tao. The Tao simply said you can solve the mystery that lies behind all mysteries, and this more or less, would be the way you might go about it, but of course, what you're trying to solve, itself, does not possess the mechanics which you believe to be inherent to the other kinds of problems which you solve. It says that a man could seek his Taohood in various ways but he would have to practice and live in a certain way, in order to achieve Taohood.

This is an amazingly civilized piece of work. It would be the kind of thing you would expect from a very, very educated, extremely compassionate, pleasant people of a higher intellectual order than we're accustomed to. It is a very fine book. It's sort of simple. It's sort of naive and it tells you that one should be simple and economical and it tells you what would be a wise way to handle things. That, by the way, is about the only flaw there is in it, from a Scientological point of view -- that you must be economical.

And if we took the Tao just as written, and knowing what we know in Scientology, simply set out to practice the Tao, I don't know but what we wouldn't get a Theta Clear. (Theta Clear: An individual who, as a being, is certain of his identity apart from that of the body, and who habitually operates the body from outside, or exteriorized.) Actually the Tao is merely a set of directions on how you would go down this way which itself has no path and no distance. In other words it teaches you that you had better get out of space and get away from objects if you're going to achieve any consciousness of beingness, or to know things as they are, and it tells you that if you could do this then you'd know the whole answer and you'd be all set. And this is exactly what we are doing in Scientology.

Tao means Knowingness. That is again a literal translation. In other words, it's an ancestor to Scientology, the study of "knowing how to know". The Tao is the way to knowing how to know but it isn't said that way -- it's inverted. It's said, This is the way to achieve the mystery which lies back of all mysteries. Now, however crude this might seem to someone who has specialized in the Tao, that's really all we need to know about it, except this one thing: there is a principal known as Wu-Wei which is odd because it goes right in with the Tao, which also means the way, and you are probably vaguely familiar with a practice known as Judo, or Ju-jitsu. Wu-Wei is a principle which crudely applies to action more or less in that fashion. We find that this principle is non-assertion or non-compulsion, and that is right there in the Tao: self-determinism. You let them use their self-determinism. (A little later on with Judo, you find that if you let a man be self-determined enough, you can lick him every time, but this is outside the scope, actually, of the Tao.) That's an interesting thing to find sitting there as one of the practices which emanated from the Tao-Teh-King."

"The Phoenix Lectures", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Let's go straight to (1) of these processes:

(1) Take Ten Minutes of Nothing. This technique means Oh so literally what it says. It isn't ten minutes of "relaxation" or "relief' or "rest." It isn't ten minutes of you, a body. It isn't ten minutes of somatics. It means ten minutes of no body, no engrams, no walls, no MEST Universe, no sound, no thought, really nothing. All one's life he is trying to get, to work, to be, to perceive SOMETHING. Now for Ten Minutes let us have utterly NOTHING. ... The preclear discovers sooner or later he CAN be nothing, that he doesn't have to strive to be. What a relief! Lao-tse was so right about striving."

"Six steps to better beingness",
Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 7, circa mid-August 1953
by L. Ron Hubbard

Vedic Hymns

Hubbard described the Veda as the earliest version of Scientology. To do this, Hubbard defined Scientology in the very general sense of being the science of any improvement that man ever strove for. As a specific example, Hubbard said the Vedic observation of birth-growth-decay-death was "responsible" for Scientology's start-change-stop cycle.

"The Christian god is actually much better characterized in the Vedic Hymns than in any subsequent publication, including the Old Testament. The Old Testament doesn't make nearly as good a statement of what the Christians think of as God as does the Veda.

"The Phoenix Lectures", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Subjects which were consulted in the organization and development of Scientology include the Veda; the Tao, by Lao Tzu; the Dharma and the Discourses of Gautama Buddha; the general knowingness about life extant in the lamasaries of the Western Hills of China; the technologies and beliefs of various barbaric cultures, the various materials of Christianity, including St Luke; the mathematical and technical methodologies of the early Greeks, Romans, and Arabians; the physical sciences, including what is now known as nuclear physics, including the various speculations of Western Philosophers such as Kant, Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, Herbert Spencer, and Dewey, and the various technologies extant in the civilization of both the Orient and Occident in the first half of the twentieth century. Scientology is an organization of the pertinancies which are mutually held true by all men in all times, and the development of technologies which demonstrate the existence of new phenomena not hitherto known, which are useful in creating states of beingness considered more desirable by man. (emphasis added)"

"SCIENTOLOGY, ITS BACKGROUND
or a history of Knowledge.

SCIENTOLOGY
the Western Anglicized continuance of many earlier forms of wisdom. Scio -- study

EARLIEST VERSION -- THE VEDA
Knowingness or sacred lore
The most ancient sacred literature of the Hindus comprising over a hundred extant books. One or all four of the canonical collection of hymns, prayers and formulas which are the foundation of the Vedic religion

The Rig-Veda

Yajur-Veda

Sama-Veda

Atharva-Veda

The Cycle of Action

The meaning of Veda -- Knowingness

Mention of the Book of Job as oldest written work from India"

"The Creation of Human Ability", 1968
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The ancients referred to this cycle of action in a much more detailed fashion. We find the Vedic Hymns talking about a cycle of action in this wise: First there is chaos, then from the chaos something emerges and can be said to have been born, it grows, it persists, it decays and dies and chaos ensues. Although this in essence is an inaccurate statement it is the earliest example of a cycle of action."

"The Problems of Work", 1974
by L. Ron Hubbard

"First, let me briefly take up with you the history of knowledge on this, our planet Earth, in the last three and one half millenia. At the beginning of our written history there was only one trace of workable knowledge which had been handed down from prehistoric times. This was contained in the Vedic hymns. The Vedic peoples are directly responsible for that principle known to us in Scientology as the Cycle of Action. The invaluable observation that birth proceeded into growth, that growth proceeded into an unchanging state and that this unchanging state then proceeded into decay and finally concluded with death, gives to us in Scientology our create-survive-destroy curve. Although it was not originally apparent that our dynamic principle of survive was an inherent part of this cycle of action, the usability of survive was discovered some time ago to be materially expanded by the recognition of the beginning and end of the cycle-of-action curve. Here we find a principle extended to us from a religion. The Vedic hymns are religious hymns. Yet the material in them contains all that is to be found in the works of Charles Darwin and even in the works used today by nuclear physicists. A survey of these hymns as they are now written and available in your local library would astonish you. It demonstrates clearly that our earliest indebtedness was to a religion."

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 32
August 7, 1954, "What doctor of divinity?"
by L. Ron Hubbard

People Hubbard may have mentioned, but gave no noteworthy credit to

Non-Scientologists

Karl Marx

Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German revolutionary who helped write "The Communist Manifesto." Hubbard wrote that Marx's works contained "Theta" ("good mojo").

"Read Marx and Lenin and look at the tremendous quantity of Theta untapped in those works."

The Dianetic Auditor's Bulletin,
Volume 2, No. 2, August, 1951,
"An Essay on Management" by L. Ron Hubbard

Aleister Crowley (1875 - 1947) - British occultist

Hubbard explicitly related the rituals of his "very good friend" Aleister Crowley to the cycles of Scientology, in that improvement (starting out low and going high) is a product of the proper magic ritual. As he did with most of his references, Hubbard claimed to have improved on Crowley's work.

"A magician, uh.. the magic cults of the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th centuries in the Middle East were fascinating. The only modern work that has anything to do with them is a trifle wild in spots, but it's fascinating work in itself, and that's work written by Aleister Crowley, the late Aleister Crowley, my very good friend. And uh.. he.. he did himself a splendid uh.. piece of aesthetics built around those magic cults. Uh.. it's very interesting reading to get ahold of a copy of a book, quite rare, but it can be obtained, THE MASTER THERION, T-h-e-r-i-o-n, THE MASTER THERION by Aleister Crowley. He signs himself The Beast, the mark of the beast six sixty-six. Very, very something or other, but anyway the.. Crowley exhumed a lot of the data from these old magic cults.

And uh.. he.. he, as a matter of fact, handles cause and effect quite a bit. Cause and effect is.. is handled according to a ritual. And it's interesting that whenever you have any of these things you can always assign a ritual to it and that ritual is what you do in order to accomplish this. Or how you have to go through and how many motions you have to make to come into the ownership of that. And that's a ritual.

Or how many motions or words you have to say in order to be something else. Now that's a ritual. And that is a.. each ritual is a cycle of some sort or another. Now you can have cycles that start low and end high, but because homo sapiens has agreed to a cycle that starts with space and ends with matter, when homo sapiens starts into a cycle of action he finds himself up with his hands full of gold and with shackles on every limb.

Now he continually knows completely that all he has to do is start low and go high. He.. he knows that. Uh.. he said, "Well, now all we have to do is go up this gradient scale - ta-da-da-da-pa-ba." And he hasn't had a route that led through anything to reverse this cycle because he had agreed so heavily to having the cycle of action which is this MEST universe itself, he can't bring himself to completely reverse this without backtracking the agreement cycle merely because he's ethical and his word is good.

However bad he may seem to you at this level on the tone scale, he isn't bailed out of it for one reason and that is his word is good.

Now when he backtracks this cycle of action he just has to back it up and you've got to start low and arrive high, and in Scientology we have as far as I know in this universe a.. as far as I know the first time we have a cycle of action which starts low and goes high and gets there. And doesn't start with the low we have and then denies its existence and just tries to wipe that out and sails off someplace else.

There's something like a cul-de-sac, a blind alley, a box canyon; you come galloping into the MEST universe full of vim and vigor and all of a sudden crash - here you are at the bottom of the tone scale, the cycle of action.

Now we have a cycle of action which goes backwards. It starts with stop, which is homo sapiens, and ends with intention, which is your thetan bailed out all the way. Good workable cycle of action. What you're studying, if the truth be known, is a cycle of action which can apply because it is very carefully based upon the reversal of the cycle of action which made the MEST universe."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course 18,
December 5 lecture
by L. Ron Hubbard

"[talking about religious freedom in the United States] ... One fellow, Aleister Crowley uh.. picked up a level of religious worship which is very interesting - oh boy! The press played hocky with his head for his whole lifetime. The Great Beast - 666. He just had another level of religious worship.

Yes, sir. You're free to worship everything under the Constitution so long as it's Christian."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course 35,
December 11 lecture
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Old Aleister Crowley had some interesting things to say about this. He wrote a book of the law. He was a mad old boy! I mean, he.. you'd.. you'd be surprised though, that Crowley, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Aristotle, all the boys, practically, along the line, except the real screwballs like Kant (He was insane! That's why people bought him) - they all talked about the same thing. And actually you can find all these ideas we're talking about, someplace in the writings of practically any philosopher who ever thought things over. He couldn't fail to fall headlong across the most salient facts in the case. He never organized them or was able to evaluate or use them. But he had 'em."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course 40
by L. Ron Hubbard

Crowley is one of the people who Hubbard spoke of who also spoke of Hubbard. "Clearly the admiration Hubbard had for Crowley was not reciprocated."

"Many Crowley biographies relate the story of L. Ron Hubbard and Jack Parsons and their attempt to create a 'moonchild' (from Crowley's novel of that name). In Crowley's own words, 'Apparently Parsons and Hubbard or somebody is producing a moonchild. I get fairly frantic when I contemplate the idiocy of these louts.' Clearly the admiration Hubbard had for Crowley was not reciprocated."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleister_Crowley

(Former) Scientologists

Cyril Vosper

"HUBBARD COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE
LONDON

HCO BULLETIN OF 1 DECEMBER 1958

FULL DISTRIBUTION

PERMITTED TO AUDIT ENGRAMS BY SCIENTOLOGY PROCESSES ARE:

*Cornelia Alford*George Edwards*Herbie Parkhouse*Peter Davies
*Jessie Gray*Madge StevensNicol Paterson*Carl Jensen
Marianne ChristieRay ThackerNoel West*Lance Harrison
Pam KempViviane Madsen*John FudgeJim Paterson
*Jean GillPaul Meyer*Jim Pembry*Charis Mostart
*James DimmockMarcus Tooley*Jack CampbellSylvia Ferree
*Eve HarrisonJames Madsen*Leon Bosworth Cyril Vosper (emphasis added)
Alan Burton*Alix Stansfield*Bill DicksFred Postowka
*Jenny ParkhouseLensworth SmallHarry Dorfman*Cyril Sweetland
Joe Tole*Joe CromieQuentin KellyBarry Fairburn

[...]

This bulletin is of interest in that it lists the first ACC graduates from any ACC who are permitted to run engrams by Scientology processes by reason of training in an ACC.

L. RON HUBBARD"

* (Lermanet note) these names are listed in "Have You Lived Before This Life" by L. Ron Hubbard (c) 1958
(news group comment: "Author" L. Ron Hubbard? Not really. This book is composed of 43 stories of past lives, written by other Scientologists. The stories are either Preclear Reports written by the person remembering the past life, or Scientologist Reports, written by the auditor(s). I have the 1968 edition, which lists names for many of the stories. I understand more modern editions have removed the names. It seems that the names are not those of the preclear, but of the auditor, regardless of who is telling the story.)

Volney Mathison - E-Meter inventor

Hubbard credited Mathison with making, more specifically "breadboxing", the E-meter. Hubbard said the E-meter measured the "density" of a person, which he hinted was something the field of nuclear physics was just getting into.

Although the E-meter is sometimes described as a lie-detector, Hubbard may have started this rumor himself by having his auditors attempt a "pact" with their clients, whereby when the auditor said "now", the client would tell the auditor the 100 percent truth about what the client was thinking. This was "Mathison's use of Technique 100, by which he meant one hundred percent honesty."

In a sense that a client who could not be cured by an auditor was defined as "crazy," Mathison's E-meter was supposed to help identify such an individual. Finally in 1961, Hubbard said it was not Mathison that invented an E-meter at all, but others, with Hubbard's help.

"This instrument you see here, if you didn't know, is a demonstration model E-meter. This is actually called an A-meter. Volney built this so that I could give demonstrations, so he could give demonstrations. It s a projection model machine. He makes these, I believe, for sale, for teaching and so forth. And.. It has, I notice here, the new scale on the back of it. And this machine is right up to date.

Now, uh.. if you want to know quite a bit about E-meters. The machine there is a very fancy and strange variety of Wheatstone Bridge. Volney breadboarded this thing up rather rapidly and spontaneously. He did it for Dianetics, and.. ah.. tells you something about that in the.. his literature that he puts out with the machine. And he puts out as well a book I wrote on these called ELECTROPSYCHOMETRIC AUDITING.

This machine, actually measures, according to the theory on which we're operating, the density of a preclear. Now when we say density, we mean electronic density. You'll know much more about that. They're just vaguely getting into it in the field of nuclear physics. The density of energy."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course 2,
by L. Ron Hubbard

"In the E-meters' uh.. boxes Volney has a.. a.. history of that in the back of the E-meter manual he's sending out. Uh.. pleasure moments, they're running a pleasure moment with an E-meter.

You say, "Let's get a time you were eating a steak dinner." And the preclear starts to eat a steak dinner and all of a sudden there's a big drop on the E-meter. And you say, "What you dropping for on the E-meter?"

And the fellow says, "Well, I dunno.. I'm just.. I'm running this incident but I.. I'm really not enjoying this steak." And you say, "Well, what's the matter?"

"Well, it reminds me of my poor husband."

Philadelphia Doctorate Course 24,
December 9 lecture
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Before permitting the patient to discourse, the practitioner makes a pact with him, if possible, that at any time the practitioner says 'Now!' the patient immediately will tell him what he was thinking about at the moment the word 'now' was uttered. The pact includes, if possible, an agreement with the patient that one hundred percent honesty would be employed -- thus Mathison's use of Technique 100, by which he meant one hundred percent honesty.

The moment the needle drops, the practitioner says 'Now.' The patient then tells him what he was thinking about while he was speaking. It generally will be something connected with his speech, and therefore is easy to detect if he is not telling the truth. Further, if he is not telling the truth, the needle will dive again, under the stress of the patient's repressing the information should the practitioner ask him, 'Are you telling me the truth?' and the patient tells him 'Yes.' Otherwise the needle will drop in response to the charge of the data upon which the patient has touched."

The Journal of Scientology, 1952 circa mid-August
"Electronics gives life to Freud's theory"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"If a case claims to be doing one thing and is actually doing another, if its actions are hidden behind a mask of TRUTH (if it is really a liar) you have a spun occluded case that has entered delusion. This person is crazy. And dangerous to the auditor and his reputation.

The only safe way to audit is with an E-Meter. Only then can an auditor know the preclear is doing what the auditor says. Spend twenty hours of auditing an occluded case if you will, without an E-Meter, come to the end of the period, as you will, without any marked benefit to the case, assume then that the technique didn't work (and you will), but don't expect any sympathy from me if you don't always use an E-Meter. If the preclear is running as you direct there is always a needle response, particularly on the new Mathison 54 -- no occluded case can get by one -- but they can get by an auditor for the whole being if the occluded case is geared to defend and defeat other motion while yet emanating motion.

Professional Auditor's Bulletin No. 8, 1953 circa late-August
"Viewpoint Processing"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The history of it is this: In early 1951 Mathison delivered the first pair of mains current meters he had made for me. They responded to body action but I could get no valuable mental response on the needle. Jim Elliot and I worked with them and came up with the idea that a bigger electrode was necessary. Jim took two soup tin cans, put battery (crocodile jaw) clips on the leads, and we found that only then could we make these meters work to the mind. The soup can made enough skin contact with the pc to let his thoughts register as well as his physical tone. The old meters still would not let some pcs on at the bottom and lots of pcs left them at the top, but they were valuable.

At length Mathison refused to build anything that would register thinking, cut back to one-hand electrodes and generally developed his meter beyond any possible use to us and so we parted.

Many years later, after a lot of work, I had Don Breeding design a transistor meter. This, often refined and held on the rails by me, and often derailed by mind-is-matter "improvements" by others, became the modem meter. In England I did a great deal more developmental work and the British Mark IV finally resulted."

HCO Bulletin of December 28, 1961
"E-Meter electrodes: a dissertation on soup cans"
by L. Ron Hubbard

More about passing E-meter checks from Arnie Lerma, posted to alt.religion.scientology January 9, 2006:

Alternate title: A book report on "Tremor in the blood" by David T Lykken

Introduction

Instead of L Ron Hubbard''s motto "WE COME BACK" I have suggested in the past that the real motto of a sea org member should be

WE COME BACK AND GET OUR FRIENDS & FAMILY OUT OF SCIENTOLOGY

I thought this wording would be far better because the hardest thing to do is to get information over the fences and walls, both physical, legal, linguistic and imaginary to the current "True Believer" [Note 1] of Scientology.

However going back for friends demands staying 'in good standing' with the Scientology dissent police... and to do this, the most common question I get is "How do I pass the E-metered checks".

And yes this question does hit home due to Suzette Hubbard's involuntary revelation that she and I were about to elope the next day, after getting blood tests and a marriage license. She 'gave it up' on the third question given before the start of every Scientology session. The 'Withold' questions..

(from http://ocmb.xenu.net/ocmb/viewtopic.php?p=147486&highlight=suzette+hubbard#147486)

Are you witholding anything? Is there anything you have done that someone almost found out about?

Those whom scientology considers to be "in good standing" can only stay that way, if they develop the knowlege and skill necessary to defeat Scientology's E-meter.

Having been involved first hand in the fabrication of Hubbard's peculiar meter movement at Murcom industries in an industrial neighborhood south of the city of Los Angeles, and the manufacture and calibration of Mark V E-meter's at Delta Meter, in early 1970's, and then having gone back to community college for electronics technology after loosening Hubbard's mental traps.. I am somewhat familiar with the devices and how they appear to work..

Consider the following information carefully - from chapter 2

"A Brief History of Lie Detection

This is a quote from a fellow named Larson, a forensic psychiatrist, who became interested in lie detection when he was a Berkley california Police officer, whose chief, August Vollmer, was profoundly affected by William Moulton Marston, a Harvard profession of psychology's. 1908 book "On the witness stand" and subsequent publications that earned him the title of the Inventor of the Lie Detector. Larson devoted much of his adult life to the pursuit of means to detect lies.. for use in criminal investigations.

Most recently, Larson has said:

I originally hoped that instrumental lie detection would become a legitimate part of professional police science. it is little more than a racket. The lie detector, as used in many places, is nothing more than a psychological third degree aimed at extorting confessions as the old physical beatings were. At times I'm sorry I ever had any part in its development.

As the E-meter's 'reputation' as a truth finder seems high inside scientology, the fact of Xenu story (which is an undisputed lie fabricated by Hubbard ) and the fact of course that hubbard was a liar, and a thief http://www.lermanet2.com/exit/volcanos.html immediately casts great doubt on Hubbard's claims that the E-meter is good for anything at all, beyond being

" a psychological third degree aimed at extorting confessions as the old physical beatings were."

Julia Lewis-Salmen - author of OCA Personality Test

Julia Lewis-Salmen was a devoted follower of L. Ron Hubbard to the very end. He trusted her as much as his wife and Jack Parkhouse, according to a succession of chairman of Scientology's international council.

"I hereby appoint an International Council for Dianetics and Scientology as follows:

Mary Sue Hubbard-Chairman
Marilynn Routsong, Jack Parkhouse, Peter Williams, Julia Salmen, Ray Thacker, Herbie Parkhouse."

"In ordinary activities and affairs, regardless of corporate shares or appointments, this council shall act for Earth and other areas as may appear necessary, and the members shall act individually for the following areas:

Earth: Mary Sue Hubbard, Deputy: Herbie Parkhouse.

Eastern United States and Dollar Area in general: Marilynn Routsong, Deputy: Bonnie Turner.

California and Western United States: Julia Salmen, ...

"Succession of Chairmen:

Mary Sue Hubbard
Jack Parkhouse
Julia Salmen
Alison Parkhouse
Ray Thacker
George Richard Halpern
Marilynn Routsong
John Roberts
Herbie Parkhouse
Quentin Hubbard
Arthur Hubbard."

HCO Policy Letter of 29 March 1960 "International Council"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"HUBBARD COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE Saint Hill Manor, East Grinstead, Sussex HCO POLICY LETTER OF 4 MAY 1962 Central Orgs SOLUTIONS This Policy Letter is inspired by a dispatch from Julia Salmen, Org Secretary in Los Angeles. Julia observed that "every time an extra-ordinary solution has been put in, instead of following policy exactly-it's just like with an auditor or PC. It didn't work and creates future hours of going back and cleaning it up-so it might just as well be done properly in the first place, no matter who or why the extra-ordinary solution is demanded."

HCO Policy Letter of 4 May 1962
"Solutions"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The new firm Hubbard and Parkhouse will have new partners soon and become 'Hubbard, Parkhouse, Parkhouse, Williams, Routsong and Salmen' and even more! Pretty good 'solicitors' firm' we'll have!"

HCO Bulletin of 18 July 1960
"Information on HASI Ltd. and HCO Ltd. Status"
by L. Ron Hubbard

David Mayo - author of advanced Scientology texts

In 1962, Hubbard proudly mentioned Mayo's name as a Saint Hill graduate who was returning to New Zealand.

"New Zealand has reinforcements en route in David and Merrill Mayo, who just graduated at Saint Hill, and held up wonderfully as an org during the waiting time. New Zealand is getting back one more Saint Hiller than they sent due to David's marriage."

HCO Information Letter of October 27, 1962
Ron's Journal
by L. Ron Hubbard

"HCO Continental Secretary NZ (at Auckland) - David Mayo"

HCO Policy Letter of 16 April 1963
"HCO Executives: Current Lists"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Ruth Minshull - author whose books sold in Scientology bookstores

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of Ruth Minshull.

Dr. Joe Winter - physician who initially promoted Dianetics

Dr. Joe Winter wrote the introduction for Ron Hubbard's book "Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health," in which Winter praised Hubbard's work.

" ... In early 1948 I first heard about DIANETICS from a colleague. I studied it, getting reports from others who were familiar with aspects of the therapy. Shortly thereafter I corresponded with the originator of dianetics, which resulted in my traveling East to study with him, and finally, in my experiencing personal dianetic therapy under his supervision. ... "

"Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"The early Dianetic Organizations were formed and controlled by boards of directors and in early 1952 failed. They were not under LRH control and direction, their press and public relations were mishandled by these boards. To the late Joe Winter Y.D., an original board member, we owe the stress on psychosomatic medicine. '70% of all ills are psycho-somatic, Dianetics can cure them' was Winter's and these handouts were written by Winter*. To the first publisher we owe 'any two can do it by one reading of this book.'"

HCO Information Letter of November 24, 1963
"Essential Information Every Scientologist should know"
by L. Ron Hubbard

* Lermanet note. Winter only wrote the introduction to "Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health". The closest statement to the above-cited quote is on page 5 of "Book One", attributed to L. Ron Hubbard.

"Of what must a science of mind be composed?

[...]

6. The cause and cure of all psycho-somatic ills, which number, some say, 70% of Man's listed ailments."

Don Purcell - businessman who supported Dianetics

In late 1954, in what looks like an amicable legal settlement, Hubbard voiced praise for Don Purcell. In 1959, Hubbard announced Purcell's death. At one point in between, Hubbard slipped up in his own evasive way by saying a "green toad doesn't bear any resemblance to Purcell."

"Some months after the closing of the Wichita Foundation, Don G. Purcell returned to L. Ron Hubbard and the Hubbard Association of Scientologists, International, the corporations and Foundations of Dianetics, the various books (including Science of Survival) and copyrights, and the various rosters and correspondence files of the organizations. This meant that the entire and complete control without contest of Dianetics, as well as Scientology, was henceforth in Phoenix, Arizona.

When asked about this action by Don G. Purcell, Ron said, "Most men act because they have reason to act. At one time, Don honestly thought, or had been pursuaded to think, that Dianetics could be more rapidly advanced in this society under an entirely business control. As time went on the difficulties of conducting the Foundation bore heavily upon his time and the progress he expected was not being made. But I don't believe that there were either business or other expedient reasons behind this. I believe that Don extended this gift of the Foundations and all their publications and material -- a rather considerable amount -- because he felt that the public in general, and Dianeticists and Scientologists in particular, would benefit greatly from a renewed unity, and that he did it because he thought it was the right thing to do. I appreciate it a good deal because it clears the communication lines and makes it possible for us to utilize, to the fullest, the considerable public which was generated by my first book and because it permits us to integrate on two levels -- one of them on a mental therapy level and the other on an entirely religious level.

"Dianetics is very far from dead. The first book published in 1950 still sells as well as most current 'best sellers'. Even the contract and plates for that book are being held for me now by Hermitage House, and it will shortly be republished and issued on an even wider front. I admire Don very much for this gift. I think he has done the right thing, and I think it took a real man to do such a thing. There has been no animosity of any kind on my part since Don and I went into communication again while I was in Spain last year."

[...]

According to Ron, "Don Purcell has offered us an opportunity for unity of all groups, all Dianeticists and Scientologists. We must now show our appreciation of his gift and use it as he intended."

The Journal of Scientology
circa late September 1954
"Dianetics and Scientology Organizations United Again"
by L. Ron Hubbard

"I swear to Pete, if you were to go out here on the sidewalk and you were to take the first guy that came along and simply back him up against the wall and batter him until he finally admitted he saw a green toad - (I.. the green toad doesn't bear any resemblance to Purcell, I mean - that was not a dirty crack) -- uh.. a green toad, the guy would eventually, even if he were practically dying, probably come through and tell you, 'Yes, I see a green toad.' He's convinced!"

Philadelphia Doctorate Course No. 44 lecture of December 13
by L. Ron Hubbard

"Don G. Purcell, by the way, the millionnaire who tried to seize Dianetics in 1951, died last month after a long illness, at the Mayo (MD type) Clinic. As in the case of the late Dr. Joseph Winter, author of much critical literature against Dianetics, Auditors refused to audit Purcell according to my reports.

HCO Bulletin of 12 August 1959
"A Second Type of Franchise"
by L. Ron Hubbard

Gerald Armstrong - Hubbard's archivist

This writer finds no mention in Hubbard's most popular works of Gerry Armstrong.



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