The IHR did not automatically accept everything passed to it by Church of Scientology representatives. In the case of Interpol, for instance, it was noted that other sources also viewed the activities of Scientologist Robert Vaughn Young of the ACLE with interest.
28 Friday. April 1, 1977 - THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
By S. A. BARRAM Jewish News Special Correspondent LONDON-The Comptroller
General of the United States, following an investigation by the General
Accounting Office (GAO). published a 56-page report on the operations, practices
and administration of the International Criminal Police Organization. INTERPOL,
which exposes a long chain of actual and potential abuses in the activities of
this organization. The report vindicates what we have stated in previously in
The Jewish News. The investigation had been requested in February, 1976 by Rep..
John E. Moss and Sen. Joseph Montoya, and followed the Montoya hearings on
INTERPOL, where extensive evidence on INTERPOL's Nazi involvement and abuse of
civil rights and individual freedoms was submitted. The investigators of the GAO
visited 13 cities in 10 countries in Asia, South America, Europe and the U.S.
The final report reveals that:
*A substantial percentage of cases handled by INTERPOL had no criminal background at all; in some cases the information supplied included misdemeanors and no disposition data was available for many of the charges listed.
*In 40 percent of the cases checked by GAO investigators, requestors for information had provided insufficient data. The requestors did not explain why the request was made, identify the type of criminal activity being investigated, precisely describe the charges, furnish evidence to support allegations that individuals had criminal backgrounds. etc. On the other hand, the report points out that information provided by INTERPOL will be used in an unknown environment, under different national customs, standards of conduct, peculiarities of law and due process of law and by governments ranging from liberal democracies to totalitarian regimes. (Some 85 percent of INTERPOL's membership is totalitarian).
*No government or state body monitors the activities of INTERPOL and there is no control over the distribution of information disseminated through INTERPOL.
*INTERPOL has access to American computer banks.
Through INTERPOL, data from these computers reaches third parties abroad. including Communist countries and countries with which the U.S. does not have diplomatic relations, such as Uganda. Equally, INTERPOL can place data on individuals and groups into the Treasury's Enforcement Communication Center (TECS) and the FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) computers, and other law enforcement files.
*CIA, FBI, DEA, U.S. Secret Service and other U.S. non-police authorities have access to INTERPOL's dossiers.
*There arc no guidelines from INTERPOL's headquarters in Paris governing the exchange of unverified accusations, raw intelligence and other data, potentially damaging to innocent citizens.
*INTERPOL can carry out police, diplomatic, intelligence, law enforcement and other functions without effective oversight.
*None of the cases inspected by the GAO investigators showed that the organization is engaged in the combat of crime syndicates and big time criminals.
To summarize, the report conclusively shows that INTERPOL supports the dossier system, is law unto itself, a state above states, not subject to any scrutiny and supervision by outside bodies and is inefficient.
The number of crimes of violence, acts of terrorism, drug abuse and drug trafficking increases continuously and the perpetrators get away. Nazi war criminals are not molested by INTERPOL. The tax-payers' money is used to finance the operations of INTERPOL. But the organization has failed in its avowed aims: The successful combat of international crime.
Statistics released in 1975 (the latest), show that INTERPOL headquarters investigated 24,398 cases. These investigations resulted in only 630 arrests, which is about 2.6 percent efficiency. The statistics do not reveal the rate of conflictions, for INTERPOL does not keep such statistics.
However, according to various authoritative works on crime, 50 percent of arrests usually result in acquittals. Applying this figure to INTERPOL's arrest record, only 1.3 percent actually resulted in convictions, which is negligible. None of these included crime syndicates and international big time criminals. according to the GAO report.
After the publication of the Comptroller General's report, Vaughn Young, director of research for the National Commission for Law Enforcement and Social Justice in the U.S. travelled to Europe to meet with parliamentarians in England, Germany, Holland, France, Denmark, Belgium and Dr. Simon Wiesenthal in Vienna, to discuss with them the implications of the report.
Through Dr. Wiesenthal's kind offices, I had the opportunity to meet Young and to exchange with him information about the Nazi background of the organization and current practices which have their origin from the Nazi era.
Young, while in Europe, was subject to public character assassination initiated by INTERPOL. The German Federal Police issued a press release which stated that Vaughn Young is a swindler and that the GAO report is a swindle.
Young impressed me as a serious meticulous researcher. He is a known and published author and had testified before Congress. Yet he has been subjected to a defamation campaign reminiscent of the Nazi propaganda machine or the KGB Desinformation Service. The purpose of this action was two-fold: To discredit him vis-a-vis parliamentarians and newspapermen in Europe who wished to meet him and to stifle at the outset a demand for an investigation into INTERPOL in Germany, similar to the one held in the U.S.
This risk was too great to be taken: who knows how many former Nazis, still in the ranks of the German police, would have been exposed in the course of the investigation.' The attempt is doomed to failure. Young has taken legal steps against the German Federal Police for slander. In Germany some questions will be asked in Parliament. In Holland and Britain, questions in Parliament have been raised and other parliaments will follow.
The Comptroller General's report was a fact-finding report. Based on the findings a number of Senators and Representatives, including Moss, Montoya, Beard, Eilberg and others, reportedly intend to get legislation passed to circumvent any further abuse of civil rights and individual freedoms through INTERPOL.
scans of NCLE letter of 25 August 1976 to SPOTLIGHT, pages 1, 2 & 3
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
1811 N. Tamarind Suite 327 Hollywood, California, 90028 (213) 469-4008
Mr. Bernard R. DeRemer Editor SPOTLIGHT
Dear Mr. DeRemer,
Your paper, THE SPOTLIGHT, has come to our attention as being closely aligned with our own purposes.
Enclosed is a recent story you may be interested in and some background material on the NCLE. Included is the formerly confidential "Interpol Dossier", published by the editors of "Freedom" news journal. I believe you will find it quite illuminating.
Having just recently become acquainted with the SPOTLIGHT, I do not wish to continue to go without it! Therefore, enclosed is my subscription form.
If you would like any additional information, or if I can be of any further service to you, please don't hesitate to call me at: (213) 469-4008. I would very much like to hear from you.
Very Sincerely yours,
Director Public Affairs Southern California NCLE
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
1811 N. Tamarind, Suite 327 Hollywood, California 90028 (213) 469-4008
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE For more information call: Lisa Levitt (213) 469-4008
BEARD PROPOSES INTERPOL SAFEGUARDS
The first Legislative safeguards on Interpol, the controversial private police cooperative, will be introduced by Rep. Edward Beard (D-RI). The bill would require, for continued U.S. participation with the Paris-based organization, that any information on Americans kept by Interpol overseas be made available for recall if requested under the Freedom of Information or Privacy Acts.
Critics of Interpol have pointed out that information leaving the U.S. cannot be recalled and can be freely disseminated amongst the 121 countries that comprise membership in the French-owned cooperative. Beard's legislation would, in effect, be the first Congressional attempt to extend the regulations of the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts to files sent overseas by Federal employees.
Jeff Friedman, chairman of the National Commission on Law Enforcement and Social Justice (NCLE), who has led a 2 year study of Interpol, applauded Beard's move. Friedman explained that Federal agencies have
Member Group of the Association of Scientologists for Reform
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
LOS ANGELES CHAPTER Heber Jentzsch, Regional Director Karen Leventhal, Executive Assistant John Mettle, Activities Director Nick McNaughton, Los Angeles Representative Polly Hertz, Special Projects
THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
BACKGROUND: Formed in March, 1974, the NCLE came about to fill a void during the rising public concern over the issue of privacy and the role that Federal and State agencies were playing. However, what prompted the formation of the NCLE was the question of how the "dossier system" being developed was used to create and circulate false reports for the purpose of character assassination. Perhaps the one most familiar to the public is "COINTELPRO".
COINTELPRO: An acronym for "counterintelligence program" , COINTELPRO had been activated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation to disrupt and discredit the activities of "undesirable" persons and groups. While "black propaganda" was a standard technique in times of war, the revelation that such techniques were being used by a Federal agency against its citizens startled the nation.
WATERGATE: Whether it was the passage of a revised Freedom of Information Act in 1974 or the death of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, it will be the task of historians to decide if there was one event more important than Watergate in pulling down the walls of government secrecy. Regardless, the 1970's were a period of change when Congress, the media and the public were exposed to one sordid scandle after another where corruption seemed to be the rule rather than the exception. It was in this period that the NCLE came about,
National Chairman---Jeff Friedman Director of Research-Vaughn Young 1551 N. La Brea, Hollywood, (A 90028 (213) 851-7923
REGIONAL OFFICES: New York, Washington, D.C., San Francisco, Detroit, Honolulu, Los Angeles, Seattle, San Diego, Boston, Portland, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Las Vegas
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
For Immediate Release Contact: 851-7922
Rev. Heber C. Jentzsch
LOS ANGELES CHAPTER
Heber Jentzsch, Regional Director
Karen Leventhal, Executive Assistant
John Mettle, Activities Director
Nick McNaughton, Los Angeles Representative
Polly Hertz, Special Projects
IMMIGRATION On NATURALIZATION SERVICE PROTECTING THE MURDERERS AMONG US
by the National Commission on and Social Justice
The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) is the last fortress of protection for several hundred Nazis still living in the United States. Many of these war criminals escaped to the United States and found asylum in the very country where millions gave their lives to prevent such an atrocity. Some of those protected Nazis live here in Southern California. In an exclusive interview with the head of immigration for the Region Joseph Surack, a rather bizarre picture of Nazi protection develops.
Against the background of this interview one must examine what has been happening in Southern California for some years. The mounted battle against "Illegal aliens" if they are Mexican has been one of heated concern by some of the more conservative press. INS his attacked the area of illegal aliens and rounded
National Chairman Jeff Friedman Director of Research -- Vaughn Young
1551 N. La Brea, # 108, Hollywood, CA 90028 (213) 851-7923
REGIONAL OFFICES :
New York, Washington, DC, San Francisco Detroit, Honolulu, Los Angeles, Seattle, San Diego, Boston, Portland, St. Louis Minneapolis, Las Vegas
The News American
SUNDAY, MARCH 16, 1975 VOL. 202-NO. 206
The Nazi Connection Part I
Interpol, with Ties to Reich, Gets Data on Americans
* First of three parts.
By MICHAEL OLESKER Staff Reporter
American law enforcement organizations - including Baltimore police - regularly provide top-secret information to a private international police agency whose top leaders, since World War II, have been former ranking officers in the German Gestapo and the Nazi SS. That information is contained in recently declassified U.S. and German documents about Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization.)
Interpol's president during the early war years was Rein hard Heydrich, who on Jan. 20, 1942, convened the meeting at which 15 top-ranking Nazis worked out the "final solution to the Jewish problem": mass execution.
The meeting was held at Interpol headquarters.
Its president from 1968 to 1971 (and German representative until 1973) was Paul Dickopf who, until he fled Germany when he apparently sensed the tide of victory turning, was SS officer 337259.
Interpol today, and historically, refuses to help search for wanted Nazi war criminals. Between Heydrich and Dickopf, records show Interpol'. top leadership included high ranking members and former members of the Third Reich.
Federal, state and local law enforcement agencies haw freely and regularly, exchanged confidential information with Interpol since 1947 by means of electronic communication links and exchange of personnel.
All of that information goes into Interpol's extensive in formation center and is also passed on to any of about 120 foreign countries.
Though it is a private agency officially attached to no particular government, Interpol receives direct funding from the U.S. Treasury Dept. and has its U.S. offices in the Treasury Building. Treasury Secretary William Simon said last week that no information can reach foreign hands through Interpol that would endanger either U.S. security or individual privacy. He said Interpol does not have direct access to highly confidential FBI records, but does have indirect access. Either directly or through the Treasury Dept., Interpol works with the FBI, Internal Revenue Service, Secret Service, Customs and other federal agencies.
It has access to the FBI's vast National Crime Information Center (NCIC).
And, as one government spokesman taking a hard look at Interpol said last week, "If everything the FBI has is in its NCIC computer and Interpol links with that, then the whole world has this information."
Interpol works directly with local police throughout the United States.
"We've done a considerable amount of work with the Baltimore Police Department," Louis Sims, Interpol's chief of American operations, remarked. "We do a lot of work with local police all over the country."
Col. Joseph Carroll, chief of detectives for Baltimore police, said he has given "sporadic" information to Interpol. No member of the police Inspectional Services Division (ISD), the police intelligence unit, would comment on any connection with Interpol.
Thomas Farrow, agent in charge of the FBI's Baltimore office, said he has exchanged information with Interpol, and
Turn to Page 6A, Col. 1
Sunday, March 16, 1975 THE NEWS AMERICAN
Continued from Page lA
Paul Kramer, deputy U.S attorney here, said his office gave Interpol information on at least one occasion - to try to track down convicted gambler Julius (Lord) Salsbury. No law enforcement person contacted in Baltimore conceded any knowledge of the lnterpol-Nazi connection.
And, while lnterpol chief Sims was quick to point out his agency's ties with U.S. organizations, he was unwilling to admit any links with the Third Reich.
Asked about Heydrich, the wartime Interpol chief, Sims said, "I've never heard the name before." Asked about Dickopf, who died in 1973 after heading lnterpol for four years, Sims said, "He was a German citizen who didn't desire to serve in the SS and fled to Switzerland."
But Dickopf, Sims admitted, joined the SS in 1938. His "desire not to serve" was not manifested until he fled four years later, when a number of Nazi leaders began to desert. Sims added, "Anyway, lnterpol didn't really exist luring the war."
That remark is consistent with repeated lnterpol testimony before Congress, when agency officials have claimed Interpol went out of business during World War 11, only to resurface thereafter.
But documents provided to Sen. Joseph Montoya's Treasury subcommittee by the Church of Scientology's National Commission on , Law Enforcement and Social Justice indicate exactly the opposite.
Because of those documents, Montoya a New Mexico Democrat, will hear testimony later this spring on the lnterpol-Nazi connection, and Rep. Edward Beard, D-R.I., last week called for a U.S. General Accounting Office investigation of Interpol.
A June 1962 Interpol document marked "strictly confidential" states that the agency "since 1940 had been run by the German chief of security police, (Reinhard) Heydrich."
Heydrich took office several months after Interpol's 1939 convention in Berlin, an affair sponsored - according to another Interpol document - by "the SS and chief of the German police Heinrich Himmler." Heydrich was assassinated in 1942, but until then, as Interpol president, he:
* Convened the meeting of 15 top Nazi leaders at Interpol headquarters in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee where, during a four-hour meeting, the "final solution to the Jewish problem" was mapped out: deportation to the east, forced labor and mass execution.. (Among those present at the meeting was Adolph Eichmann, to whom much of the "final solution" work fell:)
Ordered the "Kristallnacht" in November 1938 - the burning and destruction of Jewish synagogues in Germany and Austria.
As SS officer, Heydrich headed the "elite of the elite" intelligence service. When he was assassinated in 1942, more than 2 million Poles were killed in retribution. Heydrich was immediately succeeded as Interpol president by Dr. Ernst Kaltenbrunner, whose photograph - in Gestapo chief uniform - graced the June 10, 1943 issue of Interpol's publication, "Internationale Kriminalpolizei.
Kaltenbrunner, an intimate of Eichmann and one of the earliest members of the Gestapo, was hanged at Nurenberg in 1946 for major war crimes.
(lnterpol chief Sims said last week he had "never heard" of Kaltenbrunner., Nor would he comment on publication of Interpol's magazine throughout the war years - when the agency supposedly did not exist.)
Other Third Reich leaders also were involved with Interpol. ' The "strictly confidential" 1962 lnterpol document says that' Arthur Nebe, "head of the Kriminalpolizei of the Reich," headed Interpol's International Bureau during the war. Nebe, believed still at large, directed one of the "mobile killing units" and assisted in Nazi "medical experiments" during the war. F.E. Louwage, who served on the Nazi Interpol staff under Kaltenbrunner, was Interpol president from 1946 to 1956.
During that time, he ran the Interpol offices from funds left over from wartime Interpol efforts.
But Interpol finances improved dramatically in 1968, when former SS officer Dickopf was elected president.
Interpol acknowledged, in its international publication, that "exceptional contributions" were made by unnamed persons in Switzerland, Venezuela and Brazil - reputed hideouts of former Nazis. Interpol chief Sims described his agency last week as "a middleman between overseas and U.S. agencies who want to exchange information - .-We deal with any American state, local or federal agency with a law enforcement function."
As part of that function, personnel from such U.S. agencies as the Secret Service, Customs, Drug Enforcement Agency and Alcohol, Tax and Firearms help staff Interpol's American offices.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE - 5930 FRANKLIN AVE., HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA TEL. (213) 464-4055
The News American
MONDAY, MARCH 17, 1975 VOL. 202-NO. 207
The Nazi Connection -- Part 2
Hoover Secretly Attended Meeting
* This is the second of three articles on Interpol, the international police agency whose staff includes prominent ex-Nazis.
By MICHAEL OLESKER Staff Reporter
The late FBI Director J Edgar Hoover established American law enforcement': Nazi Connection almost 30 years ago - by going behind the back of his own government. Hoover's actions are spelled out in recently declassified American and German documents about Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization.)
Documents show that former Secretary of State Dean Acheson warned of Interpol's "Nazi domination" and that a spokesman for former U, S. Atty. Gen. Tom Clark offered a "studied recommendation" that America not unite with Interpol after World War II.
But Hoover secretly attended Interpol's 1946 convention, was elected vice president of the agency, and the United States was inextricably entwined with the organization whose top officials since the war - and at least until 1973 - have been men who were leaders of the German Gestapo and the Nazi SS.
As reported in The Sunday News American, Interpol is a private police agency that receives top-secret information from federal, state and local law enforcement agencies - including Baltimore police.
Yet its history is marked by these names and events:
* Its president from 1968 to 1971 (and German representative until 1973) was Paul Dickopf, who until he fled Germany after four years in the German Security Guards was SS officer 337259.
Its president during the early war years was Reinhard Heydrich, head of the intelligence service of the SS, who on Jan. 20, 1942 - summoned 15 top Nazis to Interpol headquarters, where the "final solution to the Jewish problem" - mass execution - was worked out.
* When Heydrich was assassinated several months after the conference, he was succeeded as Interpol president by Dr. Ernst Kaltenbrunner, a Gestapo chief who was later hanged at Nurenberg for war crimes.
* Arthur Nebe, director of a German "mobile killing unit" and assistant in Nazi "medical experiments," headed Interpol's International Bureau during the war.
* F. E. Louwage, who served on the Nazi Interpol staff under Kaltenbrunner, was Interpol president from 1946 to 1956 and had J. Edgar Hoover as his vice president from 1946 to 1950, when an apparently furious Hoover pulled the FBI out of its direct link with Interpol. Under Louwage, an invitation was extended to the United States in May 1946 to join Interpol at its annual convention - with an obvious eye toward America's resuming the membership it had dropped during the war years.
But Acting Secretary of State Acheson, who received the invitation, immediately sent a memo to the Justice Dept. asking for advice, and adding:
"We assume this is same organization founded Vienna 1923, taken under Nazi domination 1938 and headquarters removed Berlin, at which time U.S. ceased relationship." A Dept. of State confidential memo signed "Kirk" followed quickly, confirming Interpol's background.
Immediately thereafter, a spokesman for U. S. Atty. Gen. Tom Clark followed with a memo flatly stating: "It is my studied recommendation that no represenative of the government of the United States be designated. to attend this meeting.
One year later, Acheson and Clark found that behind their backs Hoover had attended the meeting and had been elected vice president.
That information was transmitted to Acheson from the French Embassy in Washington, which extended invitations to that year's convention on behalf of Interpol. The memo notes:
"The Dept. of State will recall that the American delegate to the (Interpol) conference in 1946 was Mr. J. E. Hoover, chief of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Washington."
Followup memos from Acheson and Clark indicate a
Continued from Page IA
sudden change of heart over Interpol with Acheson noting the agency "has been reconstituted." Clark added in a memo that Hoover had been elected vice president and, as such, "steps were taken (by Hoover) to make the FBI an official member of (Interpol)."
Thus was the United States entwined with the Nazi-dominated Interpol.
And the matter of Interpol's Nazi domination was never again brought to attention - until documents were presented to Sen. Joseph Montoya's Treasury subcommittee (which helps fund Interpol) by the Church of Scientology's National Commission on Law Enforcement and Social Justice.
The Treasury Dept. became the Interpol hookup, in 1950, when Hoover suddenly pulled the FBI out.
At the close of the war, some Communist countries - which, to this day, as member nations, receive American information through Interpol - joined the Interpol network. One of them, Czechoslovakia, used Interpol in 1950 to track down a group of refugees who had fled to West Germany.
When Hoover learned of it, he immediately pulled the FBI out and, when Louwage flew to Washington to plead with him to rejoin, Hoover refused.
Official explanation fox the FBI's pullout was given only as "special reasons," and it was left to the Treasury Dept. to continue America's Interpol relationship.
As part of that relationship,. U. S. law enforcement agencies regularly provide Interpol - and up to about 120 foreign police organizations - secret information.
Interpol has access to the FBI's vast National Crime Information Center (NCIC).
Because of its history - and today's questionable ties Sen. Montoya, D-N. Mex., will hold hearings this spring on Interpol, and Rep. Edward Beard, D-R. I., has called for a U. S. General Accounting Office investigation of Interpol. . ... TUESDAY: lnterpol 1975.
The News American
TUESDAY, MARCH 18, 1975
VOL. 202-N0. 208
The Nazi Connection Part III
Interpol Follows Jews, Ignores Their Killers
This is the last of three articles on Interpol, the private international police agency, and its affiliation with former Nazis, Gestapo members and SS agents. Baltimore is among the cities contributing to Interpol's information center.
By MICHAEL OLESKER Staff Reporter - Interpol, the private international police agency, won't lift a finger to track down Nazi war criminals.
But its files are filled with information on Jews it suspects of crimes.
The agency blames "the rules" for not tracking down Nazis - but, Interpol itself drew up those rules.
Interpol acts as a middleman for 120 countries that cooperate in tracking down persons wanted by police. But it has historically refused to cooperate in any effort to track down Nazi war criminals, saying its own charter does not allow it to do so. Its charter has not stopped it from making overt religious remarks in International Criminal Police Review, the agency's publication.
"Jewish offenders have a preference for offenses which require the use of craftiness," Interpol official Paul Marabuto wrote in the publication in April 1950.
"That explains why Interpol . . . has so many Jewish names in its files," he added. Those remarks, and the agency's unflinching refusal to pursue Nazi war criminals, are not terribly surprising, though, considering the agency's background.
Its president from 1968 to 1971 was Paul Dickopf, who until he fled Germany after four years in the Security Guards was SS officer 337259.
Its president during the early war years was Reinhard Heydrich, head of the elite intelligence service of the SS, who on Jan. 20, 1942 summoned 15 top Nazis to Interpol headquarters, where the "final solution to the Jewish problem" - mass execution - was plotted. Between Heydrich and Dickopf, recently declassified American and German documents show, Interpol's top officials included former ranking members of the German Gestapo and the Nazi SS.
Documents have recently been presented to Sen. Joseph Montoya's Treasury subcommittee - which funds Interpol - and to Rep. Edward Beard, D.R.I., who has called for a General Accounting Office investigation.
The documents were presented by the Church of Scientology's NationaI Commission on Law Enforce. ment and Social Justice.
Montoya, a New Mexico Democrat, and Beard are apparently concerned that Interpo1 receives top-secret information from federal, state and local (including Baltimore) police and that Interpol has access to the FBI's vast National Criminal Information Center.
"We're wondering if there's been any invasion of privacy," a Treasury subcommittee spokesman said last week. "Who is getting all of this information? What does the U.S. get in return? And how much information does Interpol get?
"And then there's the problem of its Nazi connections. Is Interpol a haven for Nazis? We're going to ask some very pointed questions."
Beard spokesman Morton Blender, who coincidentally covered the trial of Adolph Eichmann 14 years ago, said he was told:
"The whole idea of the Germans with Interpol was to make a Europe-wide police force, the core of which was the Nazis. It would be the Gestapo of the whole world, a secret police."
Treasury officials rejected the criticism, however, defending Interpol as a valuable mechanism for tracking down international criminal suspects.
In a statement to Sen. [missing letters]inued from Page 1A [missing letters] toya, Treasury Secretary William E. Simon said last week that Interpol's operations were discontinued during the war and that member countries rejoined only in 1956.
That coincides with the official Interpol line, but does not hold up with newly declassified war documents.
Simon denied that Interpol has direct access to the FBI information center, saying that any requests for information must first be run through the U.S. National Central Bureau. That, Simon indicated, assures that no information can reach foreign hands that would endanger individual privacy or American security.
Simon listed about a dozen cases in which U.S. police' took advantage of Interpol, and about a half-dozen cases in which foreign police did likewise.
The cases, which took place within the past few years, involve such matters as murder, drug trafficking, deportation and illegal passports.
None concerned pursuit of Nazi war criminals.
The Interpol charter says the agency does not pursue "political" criminals, prompting a Washington critic to say last week, "What they're saying is that genocide is political." Interpol's stance on nonpursuit of Nazis prompted the American Jewish Congress to charge the agency with lending "an unexpected sense of safety" to such criminals in .hiding. Yet Interpol is recognized by the United Nations as a legitimate (though private) intergovernmental organization.
As Simon said last week, "This special arrangement gives both organizations broad opportunities to take part in discussions on matters of common interest."
The UN link - established in 1971 - gave Interpol something else - added credibility. For an organizations whose roots were planted - and flourished - in Nazi Germany, that was a major step forward.
End of series.