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Georgia O'Keefe
artist, 1916

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Pattern of Lying to Smear ex-members and critics

Bugging of Auditing Rooms

Terminology FAQ Definitions for Scientology Lingo by ex-member Martin Hunt

A Day at Gold Base with David Miscavige , by Jesse Prince

Quentin Hubbard Coroner Report, and background by Ex-Flag Cramming Officer Dennis Erlich

Secret Lives Transcript with images

Secrets Lives Transcript Text and link to Video

Fake war claims: Chris Owen's Ron The War "Hero"

Complete Navy War record of L Ron Hubbard, summary and images of Naval record file

Use of PC File data against it's enemies:
The Scientology Matrix

Zegel Tape transcript Ex member gives details

Conspiracy for Silence Use of Gag Agreements as the cost of doing business

1982 Clearwater Commission hearings 1000 pages of SWORN testimony by many ex-members, including L Ron Hubbard's son, Ron DeWolfe

Spanish Criminal Indictment with notes

The Secret IRS Agreement
News Stories Actual Closing Agreement (Long)

Report from the day Hubbard invoked Religious Cloaking

Persecution of Ex-Members

Some of the Sources from which Hubbard molded Scientology

Hubbard the master Stage Hypnotist - What do kangaroos and body thetans have in common?

Why I dont trust Scientologists

What A Scientologist faces who wants to leave The Scientology Matrix

Scientology's Real Secret - the E-meter

Hubbard caught lying on video Secret Lives snippet

Scientology's Private Army of Private Investigators

Major News Articles

Son of Scientology - An interview with Ron Dewolfe

Time Magazine

LA Times 6 Part Series

Pulitzer Prize Winnning 14 Part series in the St. Petersburg Times

Washington Post

New York Times

Wall Street Journal

A site by now ex-member Charlotte Kates

Warrior's Archive
Page by a co-worker I knew when I was 'in' scientology

The Very Strange Death of L Ron Hubbard the King of CONs

Through the Door:
Ex-member Interviews

Movies that help understand Scientology:
The Truman Show 1998
The Sleuth 1972
episode from Fox's Millenium Series Understanding OSA and the Guardians Office:
Cape Fear the 1962 version
The Spanish Prisoner

arnie lerma tells how you can help expose scientology
Arnie Lerma explains how you can help expose Scientology


Jolly West lectures on "Cult Phenomenon - Mental Health, Legal and Religious Implications"

From a conference held in Los Angeles California, and observed jointly by the Department of Continuing Education and Health Sciences of the UCLA extension; by the NeuroPsychiatric Institute which is this facility and by the Southern California Psychiatric Society.

There are two very different public images of the contemporary organizations sometimes called cults. Especially of those to which the adjective, religious is usually attached. One these images might be called Utopian, which suggests emergence of a healthy, new spiritual sectarianism. This image portrays congregations of Pilgrims, who after a search for a meaning in life, or truth or self-fulfillment have found a band of kindred spirits, under the benign guidance of a divinely inspired prophet, guru, master, or [unintelligible]. They are busy living happily. Their bliss is only occasionally troubled by memories of the doomed society they left behind. Or the unwarranted intrusions of ignorant, misguided family members, and their monstrous agents, called deprogrammers.

This invokes the spirits of Dante Alighieri and his 14th century Vision of Hell. We see the cult, the place where men, women and children are bound to a satanic master. They trusted him in a happier time, believing his promises, sinking by imperceptible stages deeper and deeper into his power. Surrendering their possessions, their children, their very souls for his mysterious purpose. With Dante we follow them to this distant place. Where size, lamentations and loud wailings resound through the starless air. So then at first, it makes us weep. We hear in the immortal words of Dante, words of pain, tones of anger, voices loud and hoarse. And with these, the sounds of hands making a tumult which is whirling through that air forever, as sand eddies in a whirlwind. Above the whispers of the damned we might hear a single child's voice calling out, 'I'd die for you, dad.' A quotation from the Jonestown tapes.

My perspective on the cult is neither Utopian nor [unintelligible]. It is I hope, objective and scientific. All of the training and the experience accumulated during 33 years in the practice of medicine, a completely detached observer would have to be from another planet. My own study of cults began in a serious stage I'd say, as an outgrown of earlier research on hallucinogenic drugs. This interest led me to study of the people who were using them first, for presumably therapeutic reasons, and then for recreation. This in turn led me to the hippies, the Haight Ashbury, the counter culture, the rebellions of the 1960's. And following those subjects, since took me from the Haight Ashbury to the communes of Mendocino County and, to a great many organizations which took many individuals who were addicted, or otherwise damaged by drugs of abuse in the 1960's, and attempted to provide them with a healthier environment. Caretaking groups, including some that became cults by my definition, for example Synanon.

It has been estimated that there are now 2,500 cults in America, the majority of which could be termed religious. I don't know how many there are. But however many there are, clearly they are not all the same. Elsewhere, I have differentiated them from communes of which there are also many. The ones I call cults are characterized first, by a strong or charismatic leader who directs a power structure of some kind. Second by a manifesto, book, doctrine or code which as interpreted by the leadership, governs the behavior of the members through various rules. And third, a relatively firm boundary that clearly defines who is in the organization, who is out, and who, and under what circumstances may pass in either direction. The communes are quite different in all three of these respects.

The term, sect I use in the dictionary sense, as a branch or an outgrowth of an existing religion, although not necessarily so, but with emphasis on beliefs rather than on organization and power structure. To this relatively recent study of cults, I brought a longstanding interest in hypnosis, altered states of consciousness, coercive persuasion, often nicknamed brainwashing, and certain organizations engaged in non professional, or idiosyncratic psychotherapies.

Thus I have observed and followed the growth and evolution of Dianetics since 1950. Dianetics you will recall, became the Church of Scientology and thrived. In contrast, recently the Center for Feeling Therapy here in Los Angeles, which remained secular, collapsed. This corresponds with a history of Utopian Societies in California as studied during the century, from 1850-1950. Some fifty of these organizations were studied and in the actuarial sense, the lifespan of the religious ones was approximately double that of the secular ones. The average being twenty years.

At the outset, let me specify certain things that I think must be kept in mind. Not all cults are religious. Not all religious sects, even new or strange ones are cults. Not all cults do harm to their members, or their members families. And even those that do harm to some, may benefit others. In fact, their practices may result in both benefit and harm to the same person. And talking to fifty members of a subject a group not long ago, I asked them how many felt that they had been harmed by their experiences, and at least 90 percent said they had. Then I asked how them how many thought they had also been helped, and about the same percentage said they had.

Certainly there are a number of cults or similar organizations that at some time pose significant threats to the well-being of some of their members. And because of this, our approach and the nature of today's conference has been to inspect these threats to well-being. This conference is not intended as a comprehensive forum on the nature of new religions, nor as a debate. It is oriented to look at one aspect of this problem. The harms or abuses that may come, and how they can be corrected, and how those who have been harmed may be cared for. I say this because we've received a good deal of mail [unintelligible - alledging? ] that our program is not balanced and that we should have had representatives of the cult organizations that is, currently enrolled representatives, so to speak.

The decision to do it this way was mine. If I were going to be sponsoring a course, lets say on sports injuries, or what to do about them and how to protect people against them, I might have orthopedic surgeons and those who are responsible for designing better equipment and so on. I wouldn't feel obliged to include people who wanted to talk about the benefits of the physical conditioning, or the joys of competition. Perhaps another model might be a public health model. If we were having a conference on food poisonings. Even if only one percent of all canned stringed beans contained botulism, we would be concentrating on the various means of detecting, inspecting and treating the people who got the disease and not about the benefits of nutrition from stringed beans.

Therefore, we want to concentrate on the growing evidence of misdeeds or damaging practices, by some of these contemporary organizations, whether they are perpetrated in the name of religion or psychology or healing or transportation to other planets, or whatever. These threats are to a considerable degree covered up, minimized and obscured by the organizations in which they transpire. Not unlike the activities of some manufacturers who don't want to change their practices lets say, with regard to effluent into the waters or into air.

The implications of the rising power of cults go beyond the question of harm to individuals and their families. There are also important, other civil issues. For example, in the election several days ago, the followers of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh essentially took over the small town in Antelope, Oregon. As the Los Angeles Times pointed out on that day, the prospect of a so-called new age religion becoming a city raises perplexing questions about the Constitutional rights of religious communities and the meaning of self government.

For example, the proliferation of new cult-like cities in remote places. Would such a city precipitate a church-state conflict because cities received state money from taxes on liquor, tobacco or gasoline, as well as qualify for subsidies and grants? Could the religious groups leader become an autocratic ruler, whose bidding would be accomplished by a city council composed of his loyal subjects? And the city then be transformed back into the 16th Century. And would the city's police chief have access to FBI files and crime labs and so on, so forth?

But most of our concern about cults has been with regard to individuals who have been recruited, who have been members, and who are still members or who have departed. Information has been accumulated from various scandals that have reached the media. From refugees, from families, relatives, friends and from a few direct investigations. It's difficult to obtain hard data. Some cults systematically deceive the public, conceal information, harass critics, and intimidate or dominate their own members to prevent a free flow of information. Even so, existing data now sufficed to convince any reasonable person that this is an important social issue, one that should be investigated and one that has issue mental health implications.

Today, a good many people are dead, dying, ill, malfunctioning, crippled or developing improperly as a result of their involvement with cults in this country. Some of them are being exploited, end up their lives and energies are being used for the benefit of a cult leader or his organization rather than themselves. Evidence is available to show that, in the name of religion. Persons connected with various cults recently have, and there are extensive documentation for all of this: Harassed and intimidated members who try to leave the group. Created ill-feelings by members towards their families; Murdered a government informant; Harassed ex-members and investigators who attempted to investigate cult abuses; Attempted extortion from relatives; Amassed stores of weapons; Misrepresented the true purpose of their group; Received illegal employment insurance payments; Plotted to infiltrate government agencies and did so infiltrate and stole government documents; Forced prostitution on members and encouraged sexual play between adults and children; Sentenced a nine-year old child to isolation in the desert for several months; Beaten, hosed down, sexually assaulted, murdered, starved to death, and tortured members, even children; Denied medical help for members under various conditions including childbirth; Induced illness and even death in members through improper dietary restrictions and stress; Required members to obtain abortions, to engage in unhealthy behaviors, to marry strangers and even, to commit suicide.

In spite of such evidence however, we find the strange lack of public interest and attention to the phenomenon. Although of course the people in the cult organizations feel the other way about it. And one group that's very interesting to me, are those that I would call apologists. These individuals whose motivations are various or mixed, undoubtedly contribute to the veneer of respectability but behind which, strange and ugly things are happening. Some of the apologists appear to be romantics, projecting into the cults some of their own hopes for religious reform, spiritual rebirth, rejection of materialism, or even escape from the dangers of the thermonuclear age.

Other apologists take a more seemingly pragmatic stand, shrugging off whatever abuses the cults may perpetrate, or denying that they're anything more than media exaggerations; while pointing out that any countermeasures would violate freedom of religion, as guaranteed by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.

Still other apologists appear to have been successfully gulled by cult leaders or their representatives. Some declared that they have visited cults and been impressed by what they found. Others know someone, whose is in trouble before joining a cult and now seems to be much better off.

Many of the apologists are armchair philosophers really, who have never seen the destructive effects of these organizations. Others have some contact with carefully selected cult members, but have never seen the raw operations or the devastating, long range consequences for some victims and their families. Still others are themselves direct or indirect beneficiaries of the cults money, power or influence, and thus hardly objective in their apologia. Although they may pretend to be so and they conceal their connection with these organizations. They are, in a sense, lobbyists without full disclosure.

The prophesies used by cults to recruit idealistic or lonely youngsters, to control them, to exploit them, have been described in detail elsewhere, and I'm not going to go into that myself today.

The economic political and legal techniques currently employed by the cults to preserve and expand their wealth, power, size and especially their respectability are apparent in many ways. These ways include the enormous pressures recently put on the University of California to cancel this conference, or to change the program dramatically. Such pressures have included vicious, personal attacks upon the participants, in which considerable deception and misinformation was used. Obviously, the cults and their agents don't extend their extremely broad definition of religious freedom to any great concern for freedom of inquiry or freedom of speech.

The sustained and growing power of cults in America depends in no small part, upon the influence of these apologists who are not apparently members, or have no known connection with the cults. From the viewpoint of social science it may be appropriate to look at these apologists more closely. Most of them are drawn from the following groups, although it should certainly be kept in mind that the vast majority of these groups are not involved at all. By when I say not involved, I mean one way or the other.

First, mental health professionals and behavioral scientists. Many of these individuals have little direct knowledge about cult phenomenon Their inclination is to assume that those who entered cults have drifted into them, perhaps as an escape from bad family situation, or in a search for relief from symptoms of psychopathology, or even to find an oasis of peace in the violent wastelands and social stresses of the modern era.

Some colleagues sincerely believe that even the strangest of cults may be serving a therapeutic purpose, functioning as sheltered workshops for neurotic [unintelligible] or youngsters. As Dr. Singer from whom we'll hear later has previously shown, certain published studies of cults have probably invalidated by the bias inherent in this orientation. A bias that effects the examination of the data. Such studies by inspecting the victims, or their families tend to overlook the powerful techniques that cults apply to insure a good supply of grist for the mills of their power. There are even those who question whether such techniques exist, shrugging off the voluminous data, both clinical and experimental on course of persuasion, group dynamics, the power of the situational demand characteristic. And the impact of stress and successfully inducing compliance. Meanwhile, attempts by other colleagues to express views critical of cults have met with individual threats of harassment as I mentioned, and even I might say, of this building.

Second there's the media. Coverage can be described as spotty as best. There are a few exceptions. For example the Point Reyes Light expose of Synanon which won the Pulitzer Prize; segments of 60 Minutes on Scientology and on the Worldwide Church of God; and a few others. However, except when faced with a major scandal or tragedy, newspapers have ventured very little into this arena. The reasons are clear. The media are likely commercial ventures. Their business is easily threatened by loss of advertising, boycotts or lawsuits. Even more important, editors tend to keep hands off certain topics, like religion, unless there's something that's really news.

Slaughter 913 people, that's news. Put a rattlesnake into somebody's mailbox, smaller news. The torture-murder of a seventeen-year old informant against the cult was given little coverage. And many stories by individuals that one might consider very interesting and newsworthy, can't penetrate the media. By calling their systematic exploitation of people religious, certain organizations have protected themselves in a sense, from the power of the press, because the religion page is not oriented to investigative journalism. It's purpose in most paper is to religion, and to satisfy the religionists and their version of the activities that will give coverage. Religion editors aren't supposed to offend anyone, and as a rule they don't. As for television and radio, there is no religious news coverage to speak of, unless someone shoots the Pope. Individuals who seek out the media to tell about their personal experiences I'd say, get short shrift.

In fact, a major TV effort to expose Jonestown, one month before Congressman Ryan's trip to Guyana might have saved more than 900 lives, had it not been squelched by NBC executives, following harassment, letters, telephone calls and threats of libel suits. Even books are not immune. One writers expose of Scientology was withdrawn by the publishers, and the authors life nearly smashed as a result of Scientology's well-executed attack on her, which they called Operation Freakout.

Then there's the law and the political establishments. Now the law is not a unitary or static thing it's an enormous body of writ, documentation, history and prose, with billions of words on printed pages. But the law is also a living thing, a dynamic thing. Existing law is constantly being interpreted by judges to give it functional meaning. And new law is constantly being produced by those who are responsible for it's creation - lawmakers, or legislators. New laws also change old laws. And it is the duty of the courts again, to make interpretations, to make those laws live, and have influence upon the affairs of man. If we look at legislatures and courts, it appears that they have made little progress in relation to the cults.

Criminal justice people try to investigate cults, but are often frustrated by legal barriers. Given the growing body of evidence about the [unintelligible] of cults, and in the aftermath of Jonestown, where are the new laws? I'll mention one in a minute, that went the wrong way. Where are the fact finding commissions, the hearings about whether such laws are needed, and should be passed? Where are the public debates? This is as close to such a thing as we can provide, and it is not a debate.

In 1974, a thorough investigation of the Children of God was conducted by the honorable Louis J. Lefkowitz, at that time the Attorney General of New York. Abundant proof was discovered, of course in mind control techniques used by the group to intimidate and virtually enslave its members. However the report concluded: despite the fact as outlined and I quote, 'no direct action by the Attorney General can be taken at this time against the Children of God because of the Constitutional protection of the First Amendment.' Endquote. Where are the judges who view the Constitution as such, as to explore whether the First Amendment was really intended to provide immunity for con artists, brutal power mongers or homicidal maniacs? As 10A points out, the Justice Department's interpretation [unintelligible] valid means, quote, 'if one is psychotic enough to have delusions, but clever enough to choose religious themes, then one is immune from societal intervention.' Endquote. Perhaps the partial explanation of the laws role of passive bedfellows of the cults can be found in the organized efforts, of cults who intimidate and discredit lawmakers who try to take action. For example, one recalls the church of Scientology's Operation Snapper, directed at California's Deputy Attorney General Lawrence Tapper. Or their efforts to quash a Florida bill designed to regulate psychological practices, as well as their efforts against the Mayor of Clearwater, Florida, Gabriel Cazares who was a critic. DelGado's monograph in the Southern California Law Review gave a clear discussion of the First Amendment as a protective for people rather than as a protective for organizations that maybe abusing it. But apart from some discussion by scholars, much of it negative, little has happened since, and DelGado's suggestions have been virtually ignored. The recent finding for the Daily Mail in the Unifications churches libel action against that newspaper offers hope that America's jurisprudence eventually may follow suit.

Next, there's the American Civil Liberties establishment. The ACLU achieved a sizable membership, prestige and considerable war chest through the years, by protecting individuals from the tyranny of groups. Such groups usually were [unintelligible] given God given liberties that we all declare to be so important. Today with regard to cults, there is debate about freedom. One side holds that the person who was in the cult should be free to stay, or that the cult should be free to protect him in his putative desire to stay. The other side holds that the person in the cult should be free to leave. Or if there is suspicion by interested parties about whether or not he is truly free to leave, then those with personal attachments to the subject should be able to create situations in which the issue of his freedom to stay, or leave can be objectively determined.

It is known that the church of Scientology has been striving to infiltrate the ACLU. We don't know how far they may have gone. But some of us old time admirers and members of the ACLU have become very troubled over that organizations seeming bias in favor of the cults side of this debate. When the ACLU was founded, one of its most important qualities was that it was a legally oriented entity but separate from our formal legal system. And separate from the organizations of which it was presumably concerned. But now it appears that at least one prominent ACLU attorney who frequently testifies on behalf of the ACLU, is also frequently legal counsel on a private basis for various cults, including the Hare Krishna group.

If the ACLU were anything other than what it is, this would be called conflict of interest. Certainly the ACLU has not undertaken any courageous or pioneering investigation of the growing body of allegations and complaints that the cults are depriving large numbers of people of their most fundamental liberties. They seem to be expending all of their energy on sending a 14-year old boy back to the Soviet Union.

And last, (since I 'm getting myself in deeper and deeper trouble this morning,) are the established religions. Perhaps these are the strangest bedfellows of all. It is interesting to note that the first major effort by the churches of California with regard to legislation relevant to cults. In the months following the massacre in Guyana, was not anything to do with preventing another such disaster, but rather to decrease the authority of law enforcement to investigate if Jim Jones was a fugere.

Many respectable religious organizations took great pains to press the Petris bill through to the final passage by the legislature, even bringing a legal expert from Harvard and an executive of the National Council of Churches to testify for it. What was the result of the passage of that bill? Well, here's one example. When machine guns were found in the possession of Hare Krishna members, the Petris Bill made it impossible for investigators to check the Krishna records to see if the guns were purchased with money collected at the airport. In fact there is some who say that if the Petris Bill had been law, before the Peoples Temple had moved to South America, Jonestown might have happened in Mendocino County.

Senator Robert Goldfeld hearings on cults in Washington three years ago, following the Jonestown massacre. Representatives from the National Council of Churches, the Baptist community, the Episcopal church, the United Church of Christ, the ACLU, and the Unification church all spoke for the freedom of cults that seemed to those of us who followed the hearings. The freedom of cults will do almost anything in the name of religious activity. And there were few descending voices. I think one, lonesome rabbi. I don't know he got in there. Three hundred experts in church state relations, men in Washington to call for less government in religion, oriented along the same line. It was ironic that this occurred at the same time that the moral majority was trying to put more religion in government. Last year the Church of Christian Liberty, an academy which is based in Illinois placed a full page ad in the Los Angeles Times, asserting that the IRS attempt to get information about that churches finances, quote, "means the end of religious freedom in this country." End quote. And I'm afraid that that's a very important part of this united front which includes so many bedfellows. Money.

A few religious groups have acknowledged the nefarious nature of cults. The New York Council of Churches denied the Unification church admission to its group. Certain Jewish agencies have tried to promote public education about cults. But on the whole, the respectable established religions have made common cause of cults in relation to the major issues of public concern.

To the outside observer it appears that on the whole, churches have been singularly pusillanimous in relationship with this whole issue, and have been more likely to put their head in the sand than to tackle these issues head on. Issues that other people have described as a perversion of the meaning of religion. To me, one distinction between a genuine religion and a cult, is that religions generally functions for the good of the members in society. The cults generally function for the good of their leaders, and their power, elite.

In closing, I'd just like to say that it seems to me that in the struggle that's going on between the cult and the critics. The cults and their apologists have managed to generate a picture of the conflict, something along the line of David and Goliath. The cults are portrayed as idealistic, new religions, striving in a creative and timely way to explore the road to nirvana, or good health, providing truth or personal salvation, or even just righteous living. Their critics are pictured as belonging to an enormous, shadowy conspiracy of the government, including the FBI and the CIA. The professional establishment, including the AMA and the American Psychiatric Association,and a powerful anti-religious network suggested by some to have communist backing. A network that employs goons, called deprogrammers to tear the new religionists away from their path of righteousness and through brutal brainwashing, to force them to return to something called the mainstream.

My own impression developed over a long period of time is quite the opposite. The cult and cult-like ventures are wealthy and powerful, quick to take the offensive against any critic. Shrewd in the use of public relations and political lobbying techniques. And generally enjoying the support of many aspects of the establishment such as the courts, law enforcement agencies, conventional church groups, civil rights organizations, and others that are not mentioned. This is quite astonishing considering some of the improprieties or illegalities that have been exposed these past few years. But the critics and opponents of the cult on the other hand, as far as I've been able to see, appear to be rather weak, poorly organized and generally at least so far, generally at least so far, quite ineffectual. The families of those lost to cults have not yet developed a very effective system of mutual help.

The government has been of virtually no help at all. The Citizens Freedom Foundation is tiny and impecunious compared with even the smallest and poorest of cults. Financial politician most concerned about cults Congressman Leo Ryan, was murdered for his pain. The Dole hearings were a reasonable beginning but never lead anywhere. Other politicians have tried to oppose the cult usually at the municipal level, have been viciously attacked. It is far easier to identify a number of important political figures who have been helpful to the cult, than those helpful to the family.

Who else is there in opposition? What is this enormous monolithic opposition? A handful of freelance deprogrammers, employed as a last result by desperate families, as a last resort, by desperate families, and many of them not too savory. A few reentry counselors to help refugees from cults. These are mostly former cult members themselves, operating on a shoestring, badly damaged by the overpowering counterattacks by the cult. And a few, very few social and behavioral scientists and other academics whose voices have hardly been heard above the chorus of protests from all sides against their views. So far, looking at the cults versus their critics, it has been, no contest.

A series of lectures from various anti-cult conferences:

Obstacles to Recovery - Mental Health Panel - Blaming the Victim
panelists at a 1985 cult conference discuss "blaming the victim."
Speakers include: Madeline Tobias, Bill Goldberg and Lorna Goldberg.

Often, the trauma experienced by recovering cult members is a combination of the trauma, the type of care they receive or the type of "victim blaming" they receive when they re emerge. The apathy, the sense of being disconnected from society - of being blamed - is like allowing a broken bone to go unset.
Part One Part Two

Communicating to a Cult Member - Dr Michael Langone
Insightful tips and techniques for more effective communication with a member of a cult.
Recommended for families trying to reach that lost loved one.
One Part - 40 minutes

Mind Control Comparisons
Comparisons of techniques used in various cults
with Hana Eltringham Whitfield D/Commodore in the early 70's in Scientology
doing the Scientology comparisons... illuminating,,,
Part 1 Part 2

Louis Jolly West Phd
explains the SECRET of how the Scientology's RPF brainwashes you:
Sleep Deprivation.....Part1 ...Part2

Dr Margaret Singer PhD, who wrote the book on mind control and thought reform, from the 15th Cult Awareness Network, CAN Convention, ( Note the Cult Awareness network was later taken over by Scientology...this tape is from the 'REAL' CAN )

Real Audio Format - Part 1 3.2 Meg Part 2 1.2 Meg

Title: Coping with post Cult Trauma
Do not blame the Victim, Essential listening for any ex-cult member, and for therapists, counselors and clergy who seek better results counseling ex-cult members.

English Translation of the Appendix 1 in Une Secte Dangereuse: La Scientologie ISBN 2-88211-008-1 (c)1993 Paul Ranc

Appendix 1

14 February 1978
The Paris Police Court sentences Lafayette Ron Hubbard, an American citizen
and founder of the sect of "Scientology," to four years in prison and a fine of 35,000 francs. Henry Laarhuis, a citizen of the Netherlands and farmer "executive director" of the French branch of the organization, is sentenced to three years in prison and a fine of 15,000 francs: Jacqueline Valentin, a French national, formerly president of Scientology in France, is sentenced to two years in prison and a fine of 10,000 francs; and Georges Andreu, husband of the current president of Scientology in France, to a suspended sentence of one year in prison. (he first three by default. A writ of arrest has been issued against them)

It was the opinion of the Court that Scientology, while pretending to be a non-profit organization, was in reality "a well managed and flourishing enterprise." It makes chimerical promises, notably of professional success and the curing of diseases, its aim however being the collection of as much money as possible. It was the opinion- of the judges that Ron Hubbard was profiting from the proceeds of the swindle, a crime of which all the accused were guilty.

France - 29 February 1980
The Paris Court of Appeal confirmed the sentences of the three persons sentenced by default but discharged Georges Andreu, considering his liability much extenuated by the fact that he had got into Scientology when still very young and was only twenty-one years of age when he had been named president of it. His role was limited to the carrying out of the directives of the real leaders to whom he was completely subordinate.

France - 7 March 1988
The Conciliation Board of Paris sentences the Celebrity Center (A Scientology Association ) to pay back salary and damages for failure to abide by the contract signed with an employee. The employment contract, alleged by Scientology to be of a religious nature, was recognized as a work contract. It was thus not allowances which were to be paid, but a salary.

France - 24 March 1988
The County Court of Pau non suits a Scientologist, -the founder of "La Coccinelle" day nursery, with regard to her action against the president of the ADFI of Pau, whom she accused of having spread injurious reports about her; and she is ordered to pay him an indemnity of 3,000 francs.

France - 10 March 1989
The Versailles Court of Appeal grants visiting rights to a father who is a Scientologist on the condition of his promise that he will not induct his children into the sect.

France - 28 April 1989
The County Court of Paris discharges an ex-Scientology member and relieves her of costs. The ex-member was prosecuted for her crimes of forgery, swindling and collusion committed for the purpose of obtaining student loans from various banking establishments: the money had served to pay for courses in Scientology. (Having become extremely destitute, in September of 1989 she went on a hunger strike to get Scientology to refund the cost of the courses as the only way of paying off her creditors.)

France - 28 May 1990
A complaint is referred to the Court of Lyon following the suicide of a Scientology member. Twenty Scientologists ( Among them the national president.) are indicted between May and October for illegally practicing medicine and for swindling. The preliminary examination is still, under way.

France - 19 December 1990
The Criminal Division of the Supreme Court of Appeal rejects a petition in suspicion that fair trial will not be given, filed by the attorneys of Scientology and aimed at obtaining the removal of the examining magistrate of Lyon, G. Fenech.

France - June 1990
A complaint against a physician (and Scientologist) by four of his patients is referred to the Court of Besancon. He is charged with swindling and temporarily prohibited from practicing medicine for having referred his patients to Scientology.

France - September 1990
An expert psychiatrist for the Court of Toulon lodges a complaint "against X" for premeditated robbery and violence following repeated acts leading one to suppose that Scientology is engaged in making intimidating maneuvers against him in order to influence his decisions as an expert in the matter of several actions brought in connection with this organization at Marseilles and at Lyon.

France - September 1991
Following the preceding complaint lodged by Dr. Abgrall, a magistrate of Toulon indicts three Scientologists for "attempted subordination of witnesses and for using threats."

France - 18 September 1991
The Police Court of Paris(7th Section) declared inadmissible an action initiated by the Scientologists against Dr. Abgrall. The latter had publicly denounced the organization, accusing it of having "put pressure on him" to "make him crack up." In support of his accusations: theft of his mail, distribution of injurious tracts, damage to his car, anonymous telephone calls....

France - 19 December 1990
The County Court of Paris acquits a reporter of the "Journal du Dimanche" charged with defamation by the director of the "Dialogic" society. The article revealed the infiltration by said society, directed by a Scientologist, into the services of the Ministry of the Interior.

France - 16 January 1991
The County Court of Paris orders the quashing of judicial proceedings initiated by a Scientologist against the ADFI of Paris, whom he accused of having provided his mother with information critical of Scientology. The proceedings were quashed for failure to provide documents.

France- 17 May 1991
A complaint of swindling and illegal practice of medicine is referred to the Court of Marseilles by the parents of a Scientology member. Thirty some Scientologists are called for questioning. The preliminary examination is still under way.

France - 17 February 1992'
In May of 1985, Scientology had filed a petition with the Administrative Court of Paris for the voiding of the decision of the Minister of Social Affairs and Solidarity, dated 24 January 1984, granting the C.C.M.M. a subvention of 100,000 francs for the purpose of publishing a brochure intended to inform the public about the different sects.

The Council of State, ruling on the matter in contention, decided to reject the above petition. Abstract of the conclusions: "Whereas in consideration of the dangers that the practices of certain bodies commonly known as "sects" may present, especially for the young, and even though certain of these movements pretend also to pursue a religious aim, the minister of social affairs was legally empowered to participate financially, without impairment to either the neutrality of the State or the freedom of the cults, in the informing of the public so affected concerning the practices here in question; and whereas in regard to the contents of the publication thus subsidized, the decision is not blemished either by error of fact or of law or by a manifest error of judgment; and whereas the Church of Scientology of Paris is consequently not justified in maintaining that it is wrongfully attacked by the decision; therefore the Administrative Court of Paris has rejected its petition for the voiding of said decision."

France - 4 March 1992
The County Court of Paris dismisses all of the claims of the Dialogic Society, directed by Scientologists, against a journalist and the newspaper "Le Point" for an article that said society held to be defamatory. The Dialogic Society is appealing.

France - 18 March 1992
The Appeals Court of Douai confirms the judgment of the Police Court of Lille dated 14 January 1992, and for injuries done to the AFDI President Nord orders the representatives of the Hubbard Dianetic Center of Lille to pay damages.

France - 3 April 1992
The 17th Court of Petty Sessions of Paris was to rule on the complaint of defamation entered by a Scientologist comedian against the Vice-President of the UNADFI for remarks made in an article in the "Journal du Dimanche." _

In his statement, the attorney for the UNADFI argued for the inadmissibility of the complaint and discharge of the accused since the text in question did not reflect upon the comedian, but upon the methods of Scientology. The plaintiff did not appear at the trial on 3 April 1992, thus refusing to join issue.

France - 27 April 1992
The County Court of Paris rejects the petition of an executive of the "Cours Bernard Dimanche, " a private institution for remedial schooling using the methods of Ron Hubbard. This petition was directed at having the name of the establishment removed from the list published by the UNADFI of organizations linked to Scientology.The plaintiff is ordered to pay 5,000 francs damages to the UNADFI for abusive actions.

France - 22 June 1989
The Magistrates Court of Rennes sentences the director of an "educational" society linked to Scientology to a fine of 20,000 francs for false advertising and for not having told of its ties to Scientology.

France - 21 February 1990
Appeal of the preceding judgment. The Rennes Court of Appeal increases the penalties ordered by the Magistrates Court of Rennes: they are increased to a suspended sentence of four months in prison and a fine of 40,000 francs.

France - 15 November 1990
Petition for annulment by the director of the Wise society: the petition is rejected.

Germany - April 1989
The Labor Court orders Narconon to pay a young former member employed in the organization DM 43,000 for exploitation.

Germany - 2 January 1991
The Administrative Court of Hamburg recognizes the commercial nature of the activities of Scientology. The latter claimed that being a religion, it did not have to make disclosure of its lucrative activities.

Germany - 28 May 1991
The Court of Hamburg takes away the charter of association of the Church of Scientology because of the commercial and lucrative nature of its activities. It will henceforth have to declare the proceeds of its sales.

Canada - 4 October 1991
The Toronto Court orders Scientology, prosecuted for libel by the Attorney-General, to pay him one million six hundred thousand Canadian dollars in damages.The affair dates back to 1983: in the course of a judicial investigation of swindling, the Canadian police had made a search of Scientology headquarters and seized a mass of documents. In 1984, Scientology brought charges 9 against the Attorney General of Toronto for obstructing justice. ("Contempt of the Court.") Scientology's claim was dismissed. But the Attorney General brought charges of his own, calling for an exemplary penalty in order to discourage the taking of this type of legal action. As for the trial which began with the searches of 1983, that has not yet come before the court!

Denmark - December 1990
The County Court of Copenhagen gives a Scientologist and two private detectives a suspended sentence of three months in prison for illegal spying, i.e., tapping the phones of the Dialogcenter, the center for investigating the new religious movements and sects.

Spain - 20 November 1988
After a long investigation that was made following charges of abduction, swindling, falsification of documents and several financial crimes, a judge orders the arrest of sixty-nine officials of Scientology and its daughter organization "Narconon," among them Mr. Heber Jentzsch, international president of the sect." (A great many Scientologists were gathered in Madrid for a congress. Placed under warrants of commitment to prison, they were later released subject to heavy bail. The Spanish police made a search, seized two hundred kilos of documents and closed up thirty some affiliates of Scientology and Narconon. The preliminary examination is still under way.

Great Britain - 23 July 1984
Judge Latey of the High Court of Justice awarded the custody of two children of eight and ten-years to their mother, thus taking them away from their father, a Scientologist, who had kept them with him at the British headquarters of the sect in East Grinstead and had made them attend Scientology school. The mother had quit . .

Scientology after several years, which had led to a divorce. The father had remarried with a loyal Scientologist. Judge Latey, in the grounds given for his decision, characterized the Church of Scientology as "corrupt, immoral, sinister and dangerous."

Italy - 29 March 1989
At the time of an inquiry begun in 1981 after a great many complaints, forty-three counts of indictment are brought against Scientologists. In 1986, the Italian authorities order the closing of thirtytwo Scientology centers in Italy.

On 29 March 1989,
seventy-five Scientology members active in Italy are tried for tax evasion, extortion of funds, illegal practice of medicine, and exploitation of infirm persons.

Switzerland - 22 August 1983
A former member takes legal action to obtain reimbursement of sums of money paid to Scientology. The contract is judged invalid for lack of due consent. The money is returned in an "out-of-court" settlement.

Switzerland - September 1989
Scientology of Switzerland and the United States files an appeal under administrative law with the Federal Council against Swiss Interpol following the latter's refusal to correct or eliminate from their file's certain information about Scientology.

Switzerland - 22 May 1991
The Zurich Supreme Court, on appeal, gives a suspended sentence of two months imprisonment to four Scientologists for swindling a mentally handicapped woman to whom they sold books, cassettes and lessons for more than 12,000 Swiss francs,

Switzerland - 28 November 1991
The Civil Court of Justice of the Jurisdiction of the Canton of Vaud nullifies a judgment of September 1991 aimed at preventing the publication of a "Reader's Digest" article. The remarks critical of Scientology were judged to be well grounded. The Swiss publisher of the journal in question who disregarded the ban is not convicted.

Switzerland - 19 August 1992
Paul Ranc, former president of the Association for the Protection of the Family and the Individual [Association de Defense de la Famille et de l'Individu = ADFIS], was freed of the charge that had been brought against him by the sect of the "Church of Scientology" of Lausanne. The latter held that M. Paul Ranc had been guilty of "bearing false witness, of defamation, even of slander." The reporting judge of the Eastern Vaudois district, in an order handed down on 19 August 1992, decreed that M. Ranc's sources confirmed his statements and that he is accordingly cleared of the charge.

USA - 26 October 1979
A federal court of Washington, D.C., declares nine high dignitaries of the Church of Scientology, including Mary Sue Hubbard, the wife of the founder, guilty of consorting with criminals, of false declarations under oath, of burglary and the theft of documents in various departments and agencies of the American government." (In particular, the departments of the Treasury and Justice, etc.) Many of these documents, (Twenty-three thousand all told.) were highly confidential. Thanks to a system of plea bargaining that allows an accused to plead guilty to one of the counts of an accusation and be sentenced for that one alone, the case developed fairly rapidly, and there was no appeal. The accused were punished with 10,000 dollar fines and sentenced to imprisonment without the possibility of parole. Two other accused,- of British nationality, who had left the United States as soon as the lid had been blown off, were later extradited from Great Britain back to the United States and were tried and condemned to similar punishment. The documents seized during a search of the headquarters of Scientology in Los Angeles were made public. USA - July 1989

The California Court of Appeals orders Scientology to pay two million five hundred thousand dollars to Larry Wollersheim, a former member of Scientology. This verdict put an end to ten years of legal proceedings. The Court rejected the claim made by Scientology that all its practices being of a religious nature, they should be completely protected by the Constitution from any judicial interference. The judge declared that Scientology had deliberately ruined Larry Wollersheim both economically and psychologically and that such conduct is too disgraceful to have constitutional protection.

USA - December 1989
The Supreme Court decides against granting tax exemption to taxpayers for Scientology expenditures, payments for auditing being held not comparable to charitable contributions.

USA - 8 August 1991
The California courts in 1981 had ordered three Scientologists to repay the amounts they had deducted as charitable contributions, on their tax returns, for their Scientology courses. In 1988, the Federal Court of the 9th California district upheld the decision of 1981 on appeal. On 8 August 1991 the Supreme Court confirmed the two prior judgments.

Taken from Bulles, No. 35, third quarter of 1992, and from the Almanach Protestant et Annuaire des Eglises romandes, 1994 edition.

Appendix II

List of Associations Controlled by Scientology Organizations of the Church of Scientology ,

[Ten organizations are listed with their addresses, eight in France and two in Switzerland.] align="center">

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